About: Acetic acid is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 33996 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 458353 citation(s). The topic is also known as: ethanoic acid & methanecarboxylic acid.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jan 1959
TL;DR: The semimicro method gives quantitative recovery of purified cellulose from microbiological culture media, and also appears to be satisfactory for cellulOSE from paper pulp.
Abstract: Summary A semimicro method is described for the determination of cellulose inmicrobial cultures, other biological materials, or pulp and paper products. Lignin, hemicellulose, and xylosans are extracted with acetic acid/nitric acid reagent, and the remaining cellulose is dissolved in 67% H 2 SO 4 and determined by the anthrone reagent. The method gives quantitative recovery of purified cellulose from microbiological culture media, and also appears to be satisfactory for cellulose from paper pulp.
TL;DR: Water proved to be essential for the formation of well-ordered Zr-bdc-NH(2) and the first single-crystal structural analysis of a ZR-based metal-organic framework.
Abstract: We present an investigation on the influence of benzoic acid, acetic acid, and water on the syntheses of the Zr-based metal-organic frameworks Zr-bdc (UiO-66), Zr-bdc-NH(2) (UiO-66-NH(2)), Zr-bpdc (UiO-67), and Zr-tpdc-NH(2) (UiO-68-NH(2)) (H(2) bdc: terephthalic acid, H(2) bpdc: biphenyl-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid, H(2) tpdc: terphenyl-4,4''-dicarboxylic acid). By varying the amount of benzoic or acetic acid, the synthesis of Zr-bdc can be modulated. With increasing concentration of the modulator, the products change from intergrown to individual crystals, the size of which can be tuned. Addition of benzoic acid also affects the size and morphology of Zr-bpdc and, additionally, makes the synthesis of Zr-bpdc highly reproducible. The control of crystal and particle size is proven by powder XRD, SEM and dynamic light scattering (DLS) measurements. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Ar sorption experiments show that the materials from modulated syntheses can be activated and that they exhibit high specific surface areas. Water proved to be essential for the formation of well-ordered Zr-bdc-NH(2) . Zr-tpdc-NH(2), a material with a structure analogous to that of Zr-bdc and Zr-bpdc, but with the longer, functionalized linker 2'-amino-1,1':4',1''-terphenyl-4,4''-dicarboxylic acid, was obtained as single crystals. This allowed the first single-crystal structural analysis of a Zr-based metal-organic framework.
Abstract: The influence of the severity of dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis of spruce (softwood) on sugar yield and on the fermentability of the hydrolysate by Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Baker's yeast) was investigated. Fermentability was assessed as the ethanol yield on fermentable sugars (mannose and glucose) and the mean volumetric productivity (4 h). The hydrolysis conditions, residence time, temperature, and sulfuric acid concentration were treated as a single parameter, combined severity (CS). When the CS of the hydrolysis conditions increased, the yield of fermentable sugars increased to a maximum between CS 2.0-2.7 for mannose, and 3.0-3.4 for glucose above which it decreased. The decrease in the yield of monosaccharides coincided with the maximum concentrations of furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5HMF). With the further increase in CS, the concentrations of furfural and 5-HMF decreased while the formation of formic acid and levulinic acid increased The yield of ethanol decreased at approximately CS 3; however, the volumetric productivity decreased at lower CS. The effect of acetic acid, formic acid, levulinic acid furfural, and 5-HMF on fermentability was assayed in model fermentations Ethanol yield and volumetric productivity decreased with increasing concentrations of acetic acid, formic acid, and levulinic acid. Furfural and 5-HMF decreased the volumetric productivity but did not influence the final yield of ethanol. The decrease in volumetric productivity was more pronounced when 5-HMF was added to the fermentation, and this compound was depleted at a lower rate than furfural. The inhibition observed in hydrolysates produced in higher CS could not be fully explained by the effect of the by-products furfural, 5-HMF, acetic acid, formic acid: and levulinic acid. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Inc. (Less)
TL;DR: The sensitivity of radioimmunoassays for cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP has been markedly improved to readily detect femtomole amounts in tissue extracts by acetylating the cyclic nucleotides at the 2'0 position with acetic anhydride.
Abstract: The sensitivity of radioimmunoassays for cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP has been markedly improved to readily detect femtomole (10-15) amounts in tissue extracts by acetylating the cyclic nucleotides at the 2'0 position with acetic anhydride. Acetylation of cyclic nucleotides by acetic anhydride in aqueous solution proceeds more rapidly than the hydrolysis of acetic anhydride to acetic acid thus yielding 100% acetylated cyclic nucleotide. 2'0 substituted cyclic nucleotides have greater affinity for the antibody than the parent cyclic nucleotides because the antibody has been made to a protein conjugate coupled at the 2'0 position. This simple acetylation technique makes it possible to measure cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP in minute quantities of tissue without purification or concentration of the sample.