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Active noise control

About: Active noise control is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 8215 publications have been published within this topic receiving 94646 citations. The topic is also known as: ANC & noise cancellation.


Papers
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
24 Mar 1975
TL;DR: It is shown that in treating periodic interference the adaptive noise canceller acts as a notch filter with narrow bandwidth, infinite null, and the capability of tracking the exact frequency of the interference; in this case the canceller behaves as a linear, time-invariant system, with the adaptive filter converging on a dynamic rather than a static solution.
Abstract: This paper describes the concept of adaptive noise cancelling, an alternative method of estimating signals corrupted by additive noise or interference. The method uses a "primary" input containing the corrupted signal and a "reference" input containing noise correlated in some unknown way with the primary noise. The reference input is adaptively filtered and subtracted from the primary input to obtain the signal estimate. Adaptive filtering before subtraction allows the treatment of inputs that are deterministic or stochastic, stationary or time variable. Wiener solutions are developed to describe asymptotic adaptive performance and output signal-to-noise ratio for stationary stochastic inputs, including single and multiple reference inputs. These solutions show that when the reference input is free of signal and certain other conditions are met noise in the primary input can be essentiany eliminated without signal distortion. It is further shown that in treating periodic interference the adaptive noise canceller acts as a notch filter with narrow bandwidth, infinite null, and the capability of tracking the exact frequency of the interference; in this case the canceller behaves as a linear, time-invariant system, with the adaptive filter converging on a dynamic rather than a static solution. Experimental results are presented that illustrate the usefulness of the adaptive noise cancelling technique in a variety of practical applications. These applications include the cancelling of various forms of periodic interference in electrocardiography, the cancelling of periodic interference in speech signals, and the cancelling of broad-band interference in the side-lobes of an antenna array. In further experiments it is shown that a sine wave and Gaussian noise can be separated by using a reference input that is a delayed version of the primary input. Suggested applications include the elimination of tape hum or turntable rumble during the playback of recorded broad-band signals and the automatic detection of very-low-level periodic signals masked by broad-band noise.

4,165 citations

Book
08 Feb 1996
TL;DR: For practicing engineers, researchers, and advanced students in signal processing, Active Noise Control Systems: Algorithms and DSP Implementations will serve as a comprehensive, state-of-the-art text/reference on this important and rapidly changing area of signal processing.
Abstract: From the Publisher: Active noise control (ANC) is rapidly becoming the most effective way to reduce noises that can otherwise be very difficult and expensive to control ANC is achieved by introducing a canceling "anti-noise" wave through an appropriate array of secondary sources When applied accurately, ANC can provide effective solutions to noise-related problems in a broad range of areas, including manufacturing and industrial operations as well as consumer products Consequently, ANC research and development has become an important focus of both industrial applications and engineering research Active Noise Control Systems: Algorithms and DSP Implementations introduces the basic concepts of ANC with an emphasis on digital signal processing (DSP) hardware and adaptive signal processing algorithms, both of which have come into prominence within the last decade The authors emphasize the practical aspects of ANC systems by combining the principles of adaptive signal processing with both experimental results and practical implementation Applications are cited in many fields and encompass all types of noise media, including air-acoustic, hydroacoustic, vibrations, and others The specific implementation stressed is based on the TMS320 family of signal processors from Texas Instruments, which are the most widely used worldwide Coverage of theory includes concise derivations and analyses of commonly used adaptive structures and algorithms for active noise control applications, which are enhanced by the inclusion of a floppy disk featuring C and assembly programs for implementing many ANC systems Mathematical representations are employed and the source code included on the disk is in a form that is easily accessible to anyone using the book For practicing engineers, researchers, and advanced students in signal processing, Active Noise Control Systems: Algorithms and DSP Implementations will serve as a comprehensive, state-of-the-art text/reference on this important and rapidly de

1,561 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jun 1999
TL;DR: The basic adaptive algorithm for ANC is developed and analyzed based on single-channel broad-band feedforward control, then modified for narrow-bandFeedforward and adaptive feedback control, which are expanded to multiple-channel cases.
Abstract: Active noise control (ANC) is achieved by introducing a cancelling "antinoise" wave through an appropriate array of secondary sources. These secondary sources are interconnected through an electronic system using a specific signal processing algorithm for the particular cancellation scheme. ANC has application to a wide variety of problems in manufacturing, industrial operations, and consumer products. The emphasis of this paper is on the practical aspects of ANC systems in terms of adaptive signal processing and digital signal processing (DSP) implementation for real-world applications. In this paper, the basic adaptive algorithm for ANC is developed and analyzed based on single-channel broad-band feedforward control. This algorithm is then modified for narrow-band feedforward and adaptive feedback control. In turn, these single-channel ANC algorithms are expanded to multiple-channel cases. Various online secondary-path modeling techniques and special adaptive algorithms, such as lattice, frequency-domain, subband, and recursive-least-squares, are also introduced. Applications of these techniques to actual problems are highlighted by several examples.

1,254 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The importance of having a clear understanding of the principles behind both the acoustics and the electrical control in order to appreciate the advantages and limitations of active noise control is emphasized.
Abstract: Active noise control exploits the long wavelengths associated with low frequency sound. It works on the principle of destructive interference between the sound fields generated by the original primary sound source and that due to other secondary sources, acoustic outputs of which can be controlled. The acoustic objectives of different active noise control systems and the electrical control methodologies that are used to achieve these objectives are examined. The importance of having a clear understanding of the principles behind both the acoustics and the electrical control in order to appreciate the advantages and limitations of active noise control is emphasized. A brief discussion of the physical basis of active sound control that concentrates on three-dimensional sound fields is presented. >

965 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Several adaptive filter structures are proposed for noise cancellation and arrhythmia detection and an adaptive recurrent filter structure is proposed for acquiring the impulse response of the normal QRS complex.
Abstract: Several adaptive filter structures are proposed for noise cancellation and arrhythmia detection. The adaptive filter essentially minimizes the mean-squared error between a primary input, which is the noisy electrocardiogram (ECG), and a reference input, which is either noise that is correlated in some way with the noise in the primary input or a signal that is correlated only with ECG in the primary input. Different filter structures are presented to eliminate the diverse forms of noise: baseline wander, 60 Hz power line interference, muscle noise, and motion artifact. An adaptive recurrent filter structure is proposed for acquiring the impulse response of the normal QRS complex. The primary input of the filter is the ECG signal to be analyzed, while the reference input is an impulse train coincident with the QRS complexes. This method is applied to several arrhythmia detection problems: detection of P-waves, premature ventricular complexes, and recognition of conduction block, atrial fibrillation, and paced rhythm. >

902 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023126
2022191
2021210
2020333
2019354
2018359