Topic

# Active vibration control

About: Active vibration control is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 6770 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 76599 citation(s). The topic is also known as: active vibration damping.

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TL;DR: In this article, an active vibration damper for a cantilever beam was designed using a distributed-parameter actuator and distributedparameter control theory, and preliminary testing of the damper was performed on the first mode of the beam.

Abstract: An active vibration damper for a cantilever beam was designed using a distributed-parameter actuator and distributed-parameter control theory. The distributed-parameter actuator was a piezoelectric polymer, poly (vinylidene fluoride). Lyapunov's second method for distributed-parameter systems was used to design a control algorithm for the damper. If the angular velocity of the tip of the beam is known, all modes of the beam can be controlled simultaneously. Preliminary testing of the damper was performed on the first mode of the cantilever beam. A linear constant-gain controller and a nonlinear constant-amplitude controller were compared. The baseline loss factor of the first mode was 0.003 for large-amplitude vibrations (± 2 cm tip displacement) decreasing to 0.001 for small vibrations (±0.5 mm tip displacement). The constant-gain controller provided more than a factor of two increase in the modal damping with a feedback voltage limit of 200 V rms. With the same voltage limit, the constant-amplitude controller achieved the same damping as the constant-gain controller for large vibrations, but increased the modal loss factor by more than an order of magnitude to at least 0.040 for small vibration levels.

1,377 citations

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07 Mar 1996

TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a general analysis of active structural acyclic control (ASAC) for plate systems, including the use of piezoelectric error sensors in ASAC.

Abstract: Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations: Terminology. Single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) Systems. Free Motion of SDOF Systems. Damped Motion of SDOF Systems. Forced Response of SDOF Systems. Transient Response of SDOF Systems. Multi-degree-of-freedom (MDOF) Systems. Free Motion of MDOF Systems. Forced Response of MDOF Systems. Damped Motion of MDOF Systems. Finite Element Analysis of Vibrating Mechanical Systems. Introduction to Waves in Structures: Longitudinal Waves. Flexural Waves. Flexural Response of an Infinite Beam to an Oscillating Point Force. Flexural Wave Power Flow. Flexural Response of an Infinite Thin Beam to an Oscillating Line Moment. Free Flexural Motion of Finite Thin Beams. Response of a Finite Thin Beam to an Arbitrary Oscillating Force Distribution. Vibration of Thin Plates. Free Vibration of Thin Plates. Response of a Thin Rectangular Simply Supported Plate to an Arbitrary Oscillating Force Distribution. Vibration of Infinite Thin Cylinders. Free Vibration of Finite Thin Cylinders. Harmonic Forced Vibration of Infinite Thin Cylinders. Feedback Control: Single-channel Feedback Control. Stability of a Single-Channel System. Modification of the Response of an SDOF System. The Effect of Delays in the Feedback Loop. The State Variable Approach. Example of a Two-degree-of-freedom System. Output Feedback and State Feedback. State Estimation and Observers. Optimal Control. Modal Control. Feedforward Control: Single Channel Feedforward Control. The Effect of Measurement Noise. Adaptive Digital Controllers. Multichannel Feedforward Control. Adaptive Frequency Domain Controllers. Adaptive Time Domain Controllers. Equivalent Feedback Controller Interpretation. Distributed Transducers for Active Control of Vibration. Active Control of Vibration in Structures: Feedforward Control of Finite Structures. Feedback Control of Finite Structures. Feedforward Control of Wave Transmission. Actuator Arrays for Control of Flexural Waves. Sensor Arrays for Control of Flexural Waves. Feedforward Control of Flexural Waves. Feedback Control of Flexural Waves. Active Isolation of Vibrations: Isolation of Periodic Vibrations of an SDOF System. Vibration Isolation From a Flexible Receiver the Effects of Secondary Force Location. Active Isolation of Periodic Vibrations Using Multiple Secondary Force Inputs. Finite Element Analysis of an Active System for the Isolation of Periodic Vibrations. Practical Examples of Multi-Channel Feedforward Control for the Isolation of Periodic Vibrations. Isolation of Unpredictable Vibrations from a Receiving Structure. Isolation of Vibrating Systems from Random External Excitation the Possibilities for Feedforward Control. Isolation of Vibrating Systems from Random External Excitation Analysis of Feedback Control Strategies. Isolation of Vibrating Systems from Random External Excitation Formulation in Terms of Modern Control Theory. Active Isolation of Vehicle Vibrations from Road and Track Irregularities. Active Structural Acoustic Control, I. Plate Systems: Sound Radiation by Planar Vibrating Surfaces the Rayleigh Integral. The Calculation of Radiated Sound Fields by Using Wavenumber Fourier Transforms. Sound Power Radiation From Structures in Terms of Their Multi-Modal Response. General Analysis of Active Structural Acoustic Control (ASAC) for Plate Systems. Active Control of Sound Transmission Through a Rectangular Plate Using Point Force Actuators. Active Control of Structurally Radiated Sound Using Multiple Piezoelectric Actuator Interpretation of Behaviour in Terms of the Spatial Wavenumber Spectrum. The Use of Piezoelectric Distributed Structural Error Sensors in ASAC. An Example of the Implementation of Feedforward ASAC. Feeback Control of Sound Radiation From a Vibrating Baffled Piston. Feedback Control of Sound Radiation From Distributed Elastic Structures. Active Structural Acoustic Control, II. Cylinder Systems: Coupled Cylinder Acoustic Fields. Response of an Infinite Cylinder to a Harmonic Forcing Function. Active Control of Cylinder Interior Acoustic Fields Using Point Forces. Active Control of Vibration and Acoustic Transmission in Fluid-Filled Piping Systems. Active Control of Sound Radiation From Vibrating Cylinders. Active Control of Sound in Finite Cylinder Systems. Control of Interior Noise in a Full Scale Jet Aircraft Fuselage. Appendix. References. Index.

1,055 citations

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31 Jan 1997

760 citations

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01 Jan 1973

TL;DR: Vibrations of simple electronic systems lumped masses for electronic assemblies beam structures for electronic subassemblies electronic components, frames, and rings printed-circuit boards and flat plates preventing sinusoidal vibration failures understanding random vibration designing for shock environments designing electronic boxes vibration fixtures and vibration testing fatigue in electronic structures as mentioned in this paper.

Abstract: Vibrations of simple electronic systems lumped masses for electronic assemblies beam structures for electronic subassemblies electronic components, frames, and rings printed-circuit boards and flat plates preventing sinusoidal vibration failures understanding random vibration designing for shock environments designing electronic boxes vibration fixtures and vibration testing fatigue in electronic structures.

511 citations

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11 Feb 1999

TL;DR: In this paper, the authors describe the response of structures to non-Harmonic motions and non-harmonic forces, and the control of Vibration by localized additions and added damping.

Abstract: The Response of Structures to Harmonic Forces. Receptance and Dynamic Stiffness. The Response of Structures to Prescribed Harmonic Motions. The Response of Structures to Non-Harmonic Excitation. Factors Controlling Beam and Plate Vibration. The Control of Vibration by Structural Design. The Control of Vibration by Localized Additions. The Control of Vibration by Added Damping. The Control of Vibration by Resilient Isolation. The Control of Vibration by Combined Methods. Index.

374 citations