Adaptive histogram equalization
About: Adaptive histogram equalization is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 3945 publications have been published within this topic receiving 73805 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Sep 1987-Graphical Models \/graphical Models and Image Processing \/computer Vision, Graphics, and Image Processing
TL;DR: It is concluded that clipped ahe should become a method of choice in medical imaging and probably also in other areas of digital imaging, and that clip ahe can be made adequately fast to be routinely applied in the normal display sequence.
Abstract: Adaptive histogram equalization (ahe) is a contrast enhancement method designed to be broadly applicable and having demonstrated effectiveness. However, slow speed and the overenhancement of noise it produces in relatively homogeneous regions are two problems. We report algorithms designed to overcome these and other concerns. These algorithms include interpolated ahe, to speed up the method on general purpose computers; a version of interpolated ahe designed to run in a few seconds on feedback processors; a version of full ahe designed to run in under one second on custom VLSI hardware; weighted ahe, designed to improve the quality of the result by emphasizing pixels' contribution to the histogram in relation to their nearness to the result pixel; and clipped ahe, designed to overcome the problem of overenhancement of noise contrast. We conclude that clipped ahe should become a method of choice in medical imaging and probably also in other areas of digital imaging, and that clipped ahe can be made adequately fast to be routinely applied in the normal display sequence.
TL;DR: It is shown mathematically that the proposed algorithm preserves the mean brightness of a given image significantly well compared to typical histogram equalization while enhancing the contrast and, thus, provides a natural enhancement that can be utilized in consumer electronic products.
Abstract: Histogram equalization is widely used for contrast enhancement in a variety of applications due to its simple function and effectiveness. Examples include medical image processing and radar signal processing. One drawback of the histogram equalization can be found on the fact that the brightness of an image can be changed after the histogram equalization, which is mainly due to the flattening property of the histogram equalization. Thus, it is rarely utilized in consumer electronic products such as TV where preserving the original input brightness may be necessary in order not to introduce unnecessary visual deterioration. This paper proposes a novel extension of histogram equalization to overcome such a drawback of histogram equalization. The essence of the proposed algorithm is to utilize independent histogram equalizations separately over two subimages obtained by decomposing the input image based on its mean with a constraint that the resulting equalized subimages are bounded by each other around the input mean. It is shown mathematically that the proposed algorithm preserves the mean brightness of a given image significantly well compared to typical histogram equalization while enhancing the contrast and, thus, provides a natural enhancement that can be utilized in consumer electronic products.
••17 Jun 2006
TL;DR: A novel algorithm for tracking an object in a video sequence represented by multiple image fragments or patches, which is able to handle partial occlusions or pose change and overcomes several difficulties which cannot be handled by traditional histogram-based algorithms.
Abstract: We present a novel algorithm (which we call "Frag- Track") for tracking an object in a video sequence. The template object is represented by multiple image fragments or patches. The patches are arbitrary and are not based on an object model (in contrast with traditional use of modelbased parts e.g. limbs and torso in human tracking). Every patch votes on the possible positions and scales of the object in the current frame, by comparing its histogram with the corresponding image patch histogram. We then minimize a robust statistic in order to combine the vote maps of the multiple patches. A key tool enabling the application of our algorithm to tracking is the integral histogram data structure . Its use allows to extract histograms of multiple rectangular regions in the image in a very efficient manner. Our algorithm overcomes several difficulties which cannot be handled by traditional histogram-based algorithms [8, 6]. First, by robustly combining multiple patch votes, we are able to handle partial occlusions or pose change. Second, the geometric relations between the template patches allow us to take into account the spatial distribution of the pixel intensities - information which is lost in traditional histogram-based algorithms. Third, as noted by , tracking large targets has the same computational cost as tracking small targets. We present extensive experimental results on challenging sequences, which demonstrate the robust tracking achieved by our algorithm (even with the use of only gray-scale (noncolor) information).
TL;DR: The simulation results indicate that the algorithm can not only enhance the image information effectively but also preserve the original image luminance well enough to make it possible to be used in a video system directly.
Abstract: Histogram equalization is a simple and effective image enhancing technique. But in some conditions, the luminance of an image may be changed significantly after the equalizing process, this is why it has never been utilized in a video system in the past. A novel histogram equalization technique, equal area dualistic sub-image histogram equalization, is put forward in this paper. First, the image is decomposed into two equal area sub-images based on its original probability density function. Then the two sub-images are equalized respectively. Finally, we obtain the results after the processed sub-images are composed into one image. The simulation results indicate that the algorithm can not only enhance the image information effectively but also preserve the original image luminance well enough to make it possible to be used in a video system directly.
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