Topic

# Adiabatic circuit

About: Adiabatic circuit is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1213 publications have been published within this topic receiving 16237 citations.

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TL;DR: The dissipation of the adiabatic amplifier is compared to that of conventional switching circuits, both for the case of a fixed voltage swing and the case when the voltage swing can be scaled to reduce power dissipation.

Abstract: Adiabatic switching is an approach to low-power digital circuits that differs fundamentally from other practical low-power techniques. When adiabatic switching is used, the signal energies stored on circuit capacitances may be recycled instead of dissipated as heat. We describe the fundamental adiabatic amplifier circuit and analyze its performance. The dissipation of the adiabatic amplifier is compared to that of conventional switching circuits, both for the case of a fixed voltage swing and the case when the voltage swing can be scaled to reduce power dissipation. We show how combinational and sequential adiabatic-switching logic circuits may be constructed and describe the timing restrictions required for adiabatic operation. Small chip-building experiments have been performed to validate the techniques and to analyse the associated circuit overhead. >

609 citations

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TL;DR: Efficient charge recovery logic (ECRL) is proposed as a candidate for low-energy adiabatic logic circuit and shows four to six times power reduction with a practical loading and operation frequency range.

Abstract: Efficient charge recovery logic (ECRL) is proposed as a candidate for low-energy adiabatic logic circuit. Power comparison with other logic circuits is performed on an inverter chain and a carry lookahead adder (CLA). ECRL CLA is designed as a pipelined structure for obtaining the same throughput as a conventional static CMOS CLA. Proposed logic shows four to six times power reduction with a practical loading and operation frequency range. An inductor-based supply clock generation circuit is proposed. Circuits are designed using 1.0-/spl mu/m CMOS technology with a reduced threshold voltage of 0.2 V.

503 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: A new circuit type, the CMOS domino circuit, is described, which involves the connection of dynamic CMOS gates in such a way that a single clock edge can be used to turn on all gates in the circuit at once.

Abstract: Characteristics of various CMOS and NMOS circuit techniques are described, along with the shortcomings of each. Then a new circuit type, the CMOS domino circuit is described. This involves the connection of dynamic CMOS gates in such a way that a single clock edge can be used to turn on all gates in the circuit at once. As a result, complex clocking schemes are not needed and the full inherent speed of the dynamic gate can be utilized. The circuit is most valuable where gates are complex and have high fan-out such as in arithmetic units. Examples are shown of the use of domino circuits in an 8-bit ALU, where simulations indicate a speed advantage of 1.5 to 2 over traditional circuits, and in a 32-bit ALU where a worst case add in 124 ns was projected and a time less than 100 ns was achieved.

502 citations

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TL;DR: A new dynamic CMOS technique which is fully racefree, yet has high logic flexibility, and logic inversion is provided, which means higher logic flexibility and less transistors for the same function.

Abstract: Describes a new dynamic CMOS technique which is fully racefree, yet has high logic flexibility. The circuits operate racefree from two clocks /spl phi/ and /spl phi/~ regardless of their overlap time. In contrast to the critical clock skew specification in the conventional CMOS pipelined circuits, the proposed technique imposes no restriction to the amount of clock skew. The main building blocks of the NORA technique are dynamic CMOS and C/SUP 2/MOS logic functions. Static CMOS functions can also be employed. Logic composition rules to mix dynamic CMOS, C/SUP 2/MOS, and conventional CMOS will be presented. Different from Domino technique, logic inversion is also provided. This means higher logic flexibility and less transistors for the same function. The effects of charge redistribution, noise margin, and leakage in the dynamic CMOS blocks are also analyzed. Experimental results show the feasibility of the principles discussed.

309 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, an ultra-low-power adiabatic quantum flux parametron (QFP) logic is investigated, which has the potential to reduce the bit energy per operation to the order of the thermal energy.

Abstract: Ultra-low-power adiabatic quantum flux parametron (QFP) logic is investigated since it has the potential to reduce the bit energy per operation to the order of the thermal energy. In this approach, nonhysteretic QFPs are operated slowly to prevent nonadiabatic energy dissipation occurring during switching events. The designed adiabatic QFP gate is estimated to have a dynamic energy dissipation of 12% of IcΦ0 for a rise/fall time of 1000 ps. It can be further reduced by reducing circuit inductances. Three stages of adiabatic QFP NOT gates were fabricated using a Nb Josephson integrated circuit process and their correct operation was confirmed.

291 citations