About: Adsorption is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 226488 publications have been published within this topic receiving 5907079 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the absorption index at the wave length of the band maximum was found to be proportional to the total concentration of metal at shorter wave lengths, however, deviations were observed, the absorption increasing more rapidly with concentration than Beers' law would demand.
Abstract: solutions investigated, the absorption index diminishing approximately 1% for a rise in temperature of one degree. 6. In liquid ammonia rough measurements of concentration showed the absorption index to be proportional to the total concentration of metal. 7. In methylamine the absorption index, at the wave length of the band maximum is also proportional to the total concentration of metal. At shorter wave lengths, however, deviations were observed, the absorption increasing more rapidly with concentration than Beers’ law would demand. The ratio of the absorption index a t 650pp to that a t 53opp increases not only with increasing concentration of the metal but also with increasing concentration of the reaction product of the metal with methylamine, and probably also with increasing temperature. 8. These observations can be accounted for by the following hypotheses: The color in all cases is due to electrons combined with the solvent. In ammonia the dissociation of the metal into electrons is nearly complete, and the concentration of electrons uncombine4 with solvent is negligible compared with that of the solvated electrons. In other words, the solvation of the electrons is nearly complete. In methylamine, on the other hand, the concentration of un-ionized metal is no longer negligible and is responsible for the increased absorption a t the shorter wave lengths. The solvation of the electrons in methylamine is incomplete and diminishes as the temperature is increased.
01 Jan 1960
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss the nature and properties of liquid interfaces, including the formation of a new phase, nucleation and crystal growth, and the contact angle of surfaces of solids.
Abstract: Capillarity. The Nature and Thermodynamics of Liquid Interfaces. Surface Films on Liquid Substrates. Electrical Aspects of Surface Chemistry. Long--Range Forces. Surfaces of Solids. Surfaces of Solids: Microscopy and Spectroscopy. The Formation of a New Phase--Nucleation and Crystal Growth. The Solid--Liquid Interface--Contact Angle. The Solid--Liquid Interface--Adsorption from Solution. Frication, Lubrication, and Adhesion. Wetting, Flotation, and Detergency. Emulsions, Foams, and Aerosols. Macromolecular Surface Films, Charged Films, and Langmuir--Blodgett Layers. The Solid--Gas Interface--General Considerations. Adsorption of Gases and Vapors on Solids. Chemisorption and Catalysis. Index.
01 Jan 1967
TL;DR: This critical review starts with a brief introduction to gas separation and purification based on selective adsorption, followed by a review of gas selective adsorbents in rigid and flexible MOFs, and primary relationships between adsorptive properties and framework features are analyzed.
Abstract: Adsorptive separation is very important in industry. Generally, the process uses porous solid materials such as zeolites, activated carbons, or silica gels as adsorbents. With an ever increasing need for a more efficient, energy-saving, and environmentally benign procedure for gas separation, adsorbents with tailored structures and tunable surface properties must be found. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), constructed by metal-containing nodes connected by organic bridges, are such a new type of porous materials. They are promising candidates as adsorbents for gas separations due to their large surface areas, adjustable pore sizes and controllable properties, as well as acceptable thermal stability. This critical review starts with a brief introduction to gas separation and purification based on selective adsorption, followed by a review of gas selective adsorption in rigid and flexible MOFs. Based on possible mechanisms, selective adsorptions observed in MOFs are classified, and primary relationships between adsorption properties and framework features are analyzed. As a specific example of tailor-made MOFs, mesh-adjustable molecular sieves are emphasized and the underlying working mechanism elucidated. In addition to the experimental aspect, theoretical investigations from adsorption equilibrium to diffusion dynamics via molecular simulations are also briefly reviewed. Furthermore, gas separations in MOFs, including the molecular sieving effect, kinetic separation, the quantum sieving effect for H2/D2 separation, and MOF-based membranes are also summarized (227 references).
Trending Questions (10)