About: Air purifier is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 12576 publications have been published within this topic receiving 36997 citations. The topic is also known as: air cleaner.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Using a laboratory photoreactor including a lamp emitting around 365nm and a TiO 2 -coated fiber glass mesh, the removal rate of three very different pollutants (CO, n -octane, pyridine) was 5-10μmol per Wh consumed by the lamp for 50-2000 ppmv concentrations and 25-50 l−h −1 flow rates (dry air or O 2 ) as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Our objective was to further assess the capabilities of TiO 2 to purify/deodorize indoor air and industrial gaseous effluents. Using a laboratory photoreactor including a lamp emitting around 365 nm and a TiO 2 -coated fiber glass mesh, we first determined that the removal rate of three very different pollutants (CO, n -octane, pyridine) was 5–10 μmol per Wh consumed by the lamp for 50–2000 ppmv concentrations and 25–50 l h −1 flow rates (dry air or O 2 ). We inferred that this order of magnitude allows, by use of a reasonable-size apparatus, the abatement of pollutants in constantly renewed indoor air, except CO and CH 4 that are too concentrated. Using a TiO 2 photocatalysis-based individual air purifier prototype, we showed, through distinctive analytical measurements, that the average concentrations of benzene, toluene and xylenes were indeed reduced by a factor of 2–3 in an ordinary non-airtight room. We also showed that O 3 addition in O 2 very markedly increases the mineralization percentage of n -octane, under otherwise identical conditions, in the laboratory photoreactor without photoexcitation of O 3 ; this property of O 3 can expand the application field of photocatalytic air purification in industry, at least in some cases.
TL;DR: A review of the experimental literature on the psychological benefits of indoor plants can be found in this article, where the authors focus on benefits gained through passive interactions with indoor plants rather than on the effects of guided interactions with plants in horticultural therapy or the indirect effect of indoors plants as air purifiers or humidifiers.
Abstract: People have been bringing plants into residential and other indoor settings for centuries, but little is known about their psychological effects. In the present article, we critically review the experimental literature on the psychological benefits of indoor plants. We focus on benefits gained through passive interactions with indoor plants rather than on the effects of guided interactions with plants in horticultural therapy or the indirect effect of indoor plants as air purifiers or humidifiers. The reviewed experiments addressed a variety of outcomes, including emotional states, pain perception, creativity, task-performance, and indices of autonomic arousal. Some findings recur, such as enhanced pain management with plants present, but in general the results appear to be quite mixed. Sources of this heterogeneity include diversity in experimental manipulations, settings, samples, exposure durations, and measures. After addressing some overarching theoretical issues, we close with recommendations for further research with regard to experimental design, measurement, analysis, and reporting.
TL;DR: In this paper, the photocatalytic bactericidal properties of a series of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and their potentials in air pollution control and personal protection were presented.
Abstract: Air filtration has become an essential need for passive pollution control. However, most of the commercial air purifiers rely on dense fibrous filters, which have good particulate matter (PM) removal capability but poor biocidal effect. Here we present the photocatalytic bactericidal properties of a series of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and their potentials in air pollution control and personal protection. Specifically, a zinc-imidazolate MOF (ZIF-8) exhibits almost complete inactivation of Escherichia coli (E. coli) (>99.9999% inactivation efficiency) in saline within 2 h of simulated solar irradiation. Mechanistic studies indicate that photoelectrons trapped at Zn+ centers within ZIF-8 via ligand to metal charge transfer (LMCT) are responsible for oxygen-reduction related reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, which is the dominant disinfection mechanism. Air filters fabricated from ZIF-8 show remarkable performance for integrated pollution control, with >99.99% photocatalytic killing efficiency against airborne bacteria in 30 min and 97% PM removal. This work may shed light on designing new porous solids with photocatalytic antibiotic capability for public health protection. Personal protective air filtration masks are becoming increasingly desirable, but most commercial air purifiers have poor biocidal capabilities. Here the authors fabricate metal–organic framework-based air filters with both high particulate matter removal efficiencies and photocatalytic bactericidal properties.
TL;DR: It was suggested that this enhancement resulted from the special infrastructure of the nanotube array, which was favorable for the diffusion of intermediates and the reduced deactivation of photocatalyst in the photocatalytic reaction.
Abstract: Highly ordered TiO2 nanotube array prepared by electrochemical anodization generates considerable interest as a practical air purifier, since a nanotube array can form a TiO2 film with a porous surface and straight gas diffusion channel, simultaneously reserving enough geometric thickness Here, we reported on the application of highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays with different lengths for degradation of gaseous acetaldehyde pollutants in air The results showed that increasing the lengths of nanotube arrays within a certain range could significantly improve the degradation rate of acetaldehyde molecules The main product of acetaldehyde degradation was detected to be CO2, which indicated that the mineralization of acetaldehyde molecules was the major process in this photocatalytic reaction When compared with a P25 TiO2 nanoparticulate film with similar thickness and geometric area, in the initial degradation of acetaldehyde, the nanotube array did not show obvious superiority However, in the subsequent degradation, the nanotube array demonstrated an enhanced photocatalytic activity It was suggested that this enhancement resulted from the special infrastructure of the nanotube array, which was favorable for the diffusion of intermediates and the reduced deactivation of photocatalyst in the photocatalytic reaction
TL;DR: It is suggested that higher PM may induce metabolic alterations that are consistent with activations of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal and sympathetic- adrenal-medullary axes, adding potential mechanistic insights into the adverse health outcomes associated with PM.
Abstract: Background Exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) is associated with a number of adverse health outcomes, but potential mechanisms are largely unknown. Metabolomics represents a powerful approach to study global metabolic changes in response to environmental exposures. We therefore conducted this study to investigate changes in serum metabolites in response to the reduction of PM exposure among healthy college students. Methods We conducted a randomized, double-blind crossover trial in 55 healthy college students in Shanghai, China. Real and sham air purifiers were placed in participants' dormitories in random order for 9 days with a 12-day washout period. Serum metabolites were quantified by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. Between-treatment differences in metabolites were examined using orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis and mixed-effect models. Secondary outcomes include blood pressure, corticotropin-releasing hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, insulin resistance, and biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation. Results The average personal exposure to PMs with aerodynamic diameters ≤2.5 μm was 24.3 μg/m3 during the real purification and 53.1 μg/m3 during the sham purification. Metabolomics analysis showed that higher exposure to PMs with aerodynamic diameters ≤2.5 μm led to significant increases in cortisol, cortisone, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. Between-treatment differences were also observed for glucose, amino acids, fatty acids, and lipids. We found significantly higher blood pressure, hormones, insulin resistance, and biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation among individuals exposed to higher PMs with aerodynamic diameters ≤2.5 μm. Conclusions This study suggests that higher PM may induce metabolic alterations that are consistent with activations of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal and sympathetic-adrenal-medullary axes, adding potential mechanistic insights into the adverse health outcomes associated with PM. Furthermore, our study demonstrated short-term reductions in stress hormone following indoor air purification. Clinical trial registration URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02712333.