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Alloy

About: Alloy is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 171884 publications have been published within this topic receiving 1719420 citations. The topic is also known as: alloys.


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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that the confusion principle does not apply, and other factors are more important in promoting glass formation of late transition metal rich multicomponent alloys.
Abstract: Multicomponent alloys containing several components in equal atomic proportions have been manufactured by casting and melt spinning, and their microstructures and properties have been investigated by a combination of optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, electron probe microanalysis, X-ray diffractrometry and microhardness measurements. Alloys containing 16 and 20 components in equal proportions are multiphase, crystalline and brittle both as-cast and after melt spinning. A five component Fe20Cr20Mn20Ni20Co20 alloy forms a single fcc solid solution which solidifies dendritically. A wide range of other six to nine component late transition metal rich multicomponent alloys exhibit the same majority fcc primary dendritic phase, which can dissolve substantial amounts of other transition metals such as Nb, Ti and V. More electronegative elements such as Cu and Ge are less stable in the fcc dendrites and are rejected into the interdendritic regions. The total number of phases is always well below the maximum equilibrium number allowed by the Gibbs phase rule, and even further below the maximum number allowed under non-equilibrium solidification conditions. Glassy structures are not formed by casting or melt spinning of late transition metal rich multicomponent alloys, indicating that the confusion principle does not apply, and other factors are more important in promoting glass formation.

5,289 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Akihisa Inoue1
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the stabilization properties of the supercooled liquid for a number of alloys in the Mg-, lanthanide-, Zr-, Ti-, Fe-, Co-, Pd-Cu- and Ni-based systems.

5,173 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
05 Sep 2014-Science
TL;DR: This work examined a five-element high-entropy alloy, CrMnFeCoNi, which forms a single-phase face-centered cubic solid solution, and found it to have exceptional damage tolerance with tensile strengths above 1 GPa and fracture toughness values exceeding 200 MPa·m1/2.
Abstract: High-entropy alloys are equiatomic, multi-element systems that can crystallize as a single phase, despite containing multiple elements with different crystal structures. A rationale for this is that the configurational entropy contribution to the total free energy in alloys with five or more major elements may stabilize the solid-solution state relative to multiphase microstructures. We examined a five-element high-entropy alloy, CrMnFeCoNi, which forms a single-phase face-centered cubic solid solution, and found it to have exceptional damage tolerance with tensile strengths above 1 GPa and fracture toughness values exceeding 200 MPa·m(1/2). Furthermore, its mechanical properties actually improve at cryogenic temperatures; we attribute this to a transition from planar-slip dislocation activity at room temperature to deformation by mechanical nanotwinning with decreasing temperature, which results in continuous steady strain hardening.

3,704 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the properties of a new family of metallic alloys which exhibit excellent glass forming ability are reported, where the critical cooling rate to retain the glassy phase is of the order of 10 K/s or less.
Abstract: We report on the properties of one example of a new family of metallic alloys which exhibit excellent glass forming ability. The critical cooling rate to retain the glassy phase is of the order of 10 K/s or less. Large samples in the form of rods ranging up to 14 mm in diameter have been prepared by casting in silica containers. The undercooled liquid alloy has been studied over a wide range of temperatures between the glass transition temperature and the thermodynamic melting point of the equilibrium crystalline alloy using scanning calorimetry. Crystallization of the material has been studied. Some characteristic properties of the new material are presented. The origins of exceptional glass forming ability of these new alloys are discussed.

2,305 citations

BookDOI
28 Jan 2005
TL;DR: Peters et al. as discussed by the authors discussed the structure and properties of Titanium and Titanium Aluminides, and proposed a continuous fiber reinforced Titanium matrix composites (C.Leyens, et al.).
Abstract: Foreword.List of Contributors.1. Structure and Properties of Titanium and Titanium Alloys (M. Peters, et al.).2. Beta Titanium Alloys (G. Terlinde and G. Fischer).3. Orthorhombic Titanium Aluminides: Intermetallic with Improved Damage Tolerance (J. Kumpfert and C. Leyens).4. gamma-Titanium Aluminide Alloys: Alloy Design and Properties (F. Appel and M. Oehring).5. Fatigue of Titanium Alloys (L. Wagner and J.K. Bigoney).6. Oxidation and Protection of Titanium Alloys and Titanium Aluminides (C. Leyens).7. Titanium and Titanium Alloys - From Raw material to Semi-finished Products (H. Sibum).8. Fabrication of Titanium Alloys (M. Peters and C. Leyens).9. Investment Casting of Titanium (H.-P. Nicolai and Chr. Liesner).10. Superplastic Forming and Diffusion Bonding of Titanium and Titanium Alloys (W. Beck).11. Forging of Titanium (G. Terlinde, et al.).12. Continuous Fiber Reinforced Titanium matrix Composites: Fabrication, Properties and Applications (C. Leyens, et al.).13. Titanium Alloys for Aerospace Applications (M. Peters, et al.).14. Production, Processing and Application of gamma(TiAl)-Based Alloys (H. Kestler and H. Clemens).15. Non-Aerospace Applications of Titanium and Titanium Alloys (M. Peters and C. Leyens).16. Titanium and its Alloys for Medical Applications (J. Breme, et al.).17. Titanium in Dentistry (J. Lindigkeit).18. Titanium in Automotive Production (O. Schauerte).19. Offshore Applications for Titanium Alloys (L. Lunde and M. Seiersten).Subject Index.

2,278 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202310,509
202220,674
20215,930
20208,500
20199,616
20189,122