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Anaphora (linguistics)

About: Anaphora (linguistics) is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1361 publications have been published within this topic receiving 32101 citations.


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Book
01 Jan 1990
TL;DR: In this article, the authors introduce Accessibility Theory and its application to sentence-level anaphora, and present the Universal Accessibility Claim and the Accessibility Scale 4.3.
Abstract: List of tables. Acknowledgements. Introducing Accessibility theory. 0.1. On the role of context 0.2. On the nature of context retrievals 0.21. A 'geographic' view of context 0.3. Accessibility and the structure of memory 0.4. Accessibility marking: General predictions 0.41. The distributional pattern of referring expressions 0.42. Factors affecting Accessibility Part 1: Discourse references 1. Low Accessibility referring expressions 1.1. Definite descriptions 1.2. Proper names 1.3. Degrees of Accessibility within Low Accessibility Markers 2. Intermediate Accessibility referring expressions 2.1. Personal pronouns 2.2. Demonstrative pronouns 2.3. Degrees of Accessibility within Intermediate Accessibility Markers 3. High Accessibility Markers 3.1. 'Deep anaphora' 3.2. Third-person pronouns 3.3. Degrees of Accessibility within High Accessibility Markers 4. The Accessibility scale 4.1. Constructing the Accessibility scale 4.2. The universality of the Accessibility scale 4.21. Formulating the Universal Accessibility Claim 4.3. Concluding remarks Part 2: Sentence-level anaphora 5. Applying Accessibility theory to sentence-level anaphora 5.1. General predictions 5.2. Replacing the 'Avoid Pronoun' principle with Accessibility theory 6. Zero subjects 6.1. The Accessibility status of AGR types: Focus on Hebrew 6.2. Zero subjects: Focus on Chinese 7. Clause-linkage and anaphoric marking 7.1. Clause-linkage and Switch-Reference systems 7.2. Clause-linkage and definite NP anaphora 7.21. Clause-linkage and Resumptive Pronouns 7.22. Clause-linkage and backwards anaphora Part 3: On the interaction of Accessibility with pragmatic and social factors 8. The role of inferencing 8.1. The use of context in reference resolutions 8.2. Inferred entities 8.3. On so-called presuppositions 9. Special uses of Accessibility Markers 9.1. Possible divergences from appropriate Accessibility marking 9.2. Referring the the 'Other': Focus on women

1,123 citations

Book
30 Apr 1993
TL;DR: A tour of Abstract Entities, Eventualities and the Nominals that Denote them and applications of the Theory of Discourse Structure to Concept Anaphora and VP Ellipsis and its Philosophical Implications.
Abstract: Preface. Introduction. 1. From Events to Propositions: a Tour of Abstract Entities, Eventualities and the Nominals that Denote them. 2. A Crash Course in DRT. 3. Attitudes and Attitude Descriptions. 4. The Semantic Representation for Sentential Nominals. 5. Problems for the Semantics of Nominals. 6. Anaphora and Abstract Entities. 7. A Theory of Discourse Structure for an Analysis of Abstract Entity Anaphora. 8. Applying the Theory of Discourse Structure to the Anaphoric Phenomena. 9. Applications of the Theory of Discourse Structure to Concept Anaphora and VP Ellipsis. 10. Model Theory for Abstract Entities and its Philosophical Implications. Conclusion. Bibliography. Index.

932 citations

Book
01 Jan 1983
TL;DR: In this paper, a comprehensive analysis of sentence-level anaphora is presented, with a focus on the relations between the structural properties of sentences and their semantic interpretation within the hypotheses of the autonomy of syntax and of interpretative semantics.
Abstract: First published in 1983, this book examines anaphora — a central issue in linguistic theory as it lies at the crossroads of several major problems. On the one hand it is believed that the same conditions that govern the interpretation of anaphora also govern syntactic movement rules but on the other, while anaphora is known to interact with various discourse and semantic considerations, it also provides a clear instance of the dependency of the semantic interpretation of sentences upon semantic properties of natural language. This book has two major goals: the first is a comprehensive analysis of sentence-level anaphora that addresses the questions posed above, and the second is an examination of the broader issues of the relations between the structural properties of sentences and their semantic interpretation within the hypotheses of the autonomy of syntax and of interpretative semantics shown by Chomsky.

915 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The algorithm applies to the syntactic representations generated by McCord's Slot Grammar parser and relies on salience measures derived from syntactic structure and a simple dynamic model of attentional state and to models of anaphora resolution that invoke a variety of informational factors in ranking antecedent candidates.
Abstract: This paper presents an algorithm for identifying the noun phrase antecedents of third person pronouns and lexical anaphors (reflexives and reciprocals). The algorithm applies to the syntactic representations generated by McCord's Slot Grammar parser and relies on salience measures derived from syntactic structure and a simple dynamic model of attentional state. Like the parser, the algorithm is implemented in Prolog. The authors have tested it extensively on computer manual texts and conducted a blind test on manual text containing 360 pronoun occurrences. The algorithm successfully identifies the antecedent of the pronoun for 86% of these pronoun occurrences. The relative contributions of the algorithm's components to its overall success rate in this blind test are examined. Experiments were conducted with an enhancement of the algorithm that contributes statistically modelled information concerning semantic and real-world relations to the algorithm's decision procedure. Interestingly, this enhancement only marginally improves the algorithm's performance (by 2%). The algorithm is compared with other approaches to anaphora resolution that have been proposed in the literature. In particular, the search procedure of Hobbs' algorithm was implemented in the Slot Grammar framework and applied to the sentences in teh blind test set. The authors' algorithm achieves a higher rate of success (4%) than Hobbs' algorithm. The relation of the algorithm to the centering approach is discussed, as well as to models of anaphora resolution that invoke a variety of informational factors in ranking antecedent candidates.

871 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors presented data from an experiment on the interpretation of intrasentential anaphora in Italian by native Italian speakers and by English speakers who have learned Italian as adults and reached a near-native level of proficiency in this language.
Abstract: This study presents data from an experiment on the interpretation of intrasentential anaphora in Italian by native Italian speakers and by English speakers who have learned Italian as adults and have reached a near-native level of proficiency in this language. The two groups of speakers were presented with complex sentences consisting of a main clause and a subordinate clause, in which the subordinate clause had either an overt pronoun or a null subject pronoun. In half of the sentences the main clause preceded the subordinate clause (forward anaphora) and in the other half the subordinate clause preceded the main clause (backward anaphora). Participants performed in a picture verification task in which they had to indicate the picture(s) that corresponded to the meaning of the subordinate clause, thus identifying the possible antecedents of the null or overt subject pronouns. The patterns of responses of the two groups were very similar with respect to the null subject pronouns in both the forward and ba...

606 citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202323
202289
202128
202033
201936
201851