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Apriori algorithm

About: Apriori algorithm is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4105 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 85965 citation(s).
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Proceedings ArticleDOI
01 Jun 1993-
TL;DR: An efficient algorithm is presented that generates all significant association rules between items in the database of customer transactions and incorporates buffer management and novel estimation and pruning techniques.
Abstract: We are given a large database of customer transactions. Each transaction consists of items purchased by a customer in a visit. We present an efficient algorithm that generates all significant association rules between items in the database. The algorithm incorporates buffer management and novel estimation and pruning techniques. We also present results of applying this algorithm to sales data obtained from a large retailing company, which shows the effectiveness of the algorithm.

15,011 citations


Proceedings Article
01 Jul 1998-
TL;DR: Two new algorithms for solving thii problem that are fundamentally different from the known algorithms are presented and empirical evaluation shows that these algorithms outperform theknown algorithms by factors ranging from three for small problems to more than an order of magnitude for large problems.
Abstract: We consider the problem of discovering association rules between items in a large database of sales transactions. We present two new algorithms for solving thii problem that are fundamentally different from the known algorithms. Empirical evaluation shows that these algorithms outperform the known algorithms by factors ranging from three for small problems to more than an order of magnitude for large problems. We also show how the best features of the two proposed algorithms can be combined into a hybrid algorithm, called AprioriHybrid. Scale-up experiments show that AprioriHybrid scales linearly with the number of transactions. AprioriHybrid also has excellent scale-up properties with respect to the transaction size and the number of items in the database.

10,858 citations


Proceedings Article
12 Sep 1994-

10,295 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Jiawei Han1, Jian Pei1, Yiwen Yin1Institutions (1)
16 May 2000-
TL;DR: This study proposes a novel frequent pattern tree (FP-tree) structure, which is an extended prefix-tree structure for storing compressed, crucial information about frequent patterns, and develops an efficient FP-tree-based mining method, FP-growth, for mining the complete set of frequent patterns by pattern fragment growth.
Abstract: Mining frequent patterns in transaction databases, time-series databases, and many other kinds of databases has been studied popularly in data mining research. Most of the previous studies adopt an Apriori-like candidate set generation-and-test approach. However, candidate set generation is still costly, especially when there exist prolific patterns and/or long patterns.In this study, we propose a novel frequent pattern tree (FP-tree) structure, which is an extended prefix-tree structure for storing compressed, crucial information about frequent patterns, and develop an efficient FP-tree-based mining method, FP-growth, for mining the complete set of frequent patterns by pattern fragment growth. Efficiency of mining is achieved with three techniques: (1) a large database is compressed into a highly condensed, much smaller data structure, which avoids costly, repeated database scans, (2) our FP-tree-based mining adopts a pattern fragment growth method to avoid the costly generation of a large number of candidate sets, and (3) a partitioning-based, divide-and-conquer method is used to decompose the mining task into a set of smaller tasks for mining confined patterns in conditional databases, which dramatically reduces the search space. Our performance study shows that the FP-growth method is efficient and scalable for mining both long and short frequent patterns, and is about an order of magnitude faster than the Apriori algorithm and also faster than some recently reported new frequent pattern mining methods.

5,773 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Jiawei Han1, Jian Pei2, Yiwen Yin3, Runying Mao4Institutions (4)
TL;DR: A novel frequent-pattern tree (FP-tree) structure is proposed, which is an extended prefix-tree structure for storing compressed, crucial information about frequent patterns, and an efficient FP-tree-based mining method, FP-growth, is developed for mining the complete set of frequent patterns by pattern fragment growth.
Abstract: Mining frequent patterns in transaction databases, time-series databases, and many other kinds of databases has been studied popularly in data mining research. Most of the previous studies adopt an Apriori-like candidate set generation-and-test approach. However, candidate set generation is still costly, especially when there exist a large number of patterns and/or long patterns. In this study, we propose a novel frequent-pattern tree (FP-tree) structure, which is an extended prefix-tree structure for storing compressed, crucial information about frequent patterns, and develop an efficient FP-tree-based mining method, FP-growth, for mining the complete set of frequent patterns by pattern fragment growth. Efficiency of mining is achieved with three techniques: (1) a large database is compressed into a condensed, smaller data structure, FP-tree which avoids costly, repeated database scans, (2) our FP-tree-based mining adopts a pattern-fragment growth method to avoid the costly generation of a large number of candidate sets, and (3) a partitioning-based, divide-and-conquer method is used to decompose the mining task into a set of smaller tasks for mining confined patterns in conditional databases, which dramatically reduces the search space. Our performance study shows that the FP-growth method is efficient and scalable for mining both long and short frequent patterns, and is about an order of magnitude faster than the Apriori algorithm and also faster than some recently reported new frequent-pattern mining methods.

2,382 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20227
2021180
2020216
2019209
2018223
2017215