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ATP-binding cassette transporter

About: ATP-binding cassette transporter is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 5757 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 341594 citation(s). The topic is also known as: ABC Transporter Protein Family & ABC transporter. more


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1360704
04 Dec 1992-Science
Abstract: The doxorubicin-selected lung cancer cell line H69AR is resistant to many chemotherapeutic agents. However, like most tumor samples from individuals with this disease, it does not overexpress P-glycoprotein, a transmembrane transport protein that is dependent on adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and is associated with multidrug resistance. Complementary DNA (cDNA) clones corresponding to messenger RNAs (mRNAs) overexpressed in H69AR cells were isolated. One cDNA hybridized to an mRNA of 7.8 to 8.2 kilobases that was 100- to 200-fold more expressed in H69AR cells relative to drug-sensitive parental H69 cells. Overexpression was associated with amplification of the cognate gene located on chromosome 16 at band p13.1. Reversion to drug sensitivity was associated with loss of gene amplification and a marked decrease in mRNA expression. The mRNA encodes a member of the ATP-binding cassette transmembrane transporter superfamily. more

2,970 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1073/PNAS.95.26.15665
L. Austin Doyle1, Weidong Yang1, Lynne V. Abruzzo, Tammy Krogmann1  +4 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: MCF-7/AdrVp is a multidrug-resistant human breast cancer subline that displays an ATP-dependent reduction in the intracellular accumulation of anthracycline anticancer drugs in the absence of overexpression of known multidrug resistance transporters such as P glycoprotein or the multidrug resistance protein. RNA fingerprinting led to the identification of a 2.4-kb mRNA that is overexpressed in MCF-7/AdrVp cells relative to parental MCF-7 cells. The mRNA encodes a 663-aa member of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily of transporters that we term breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). Enforced expression of the full-length BCRP cDNA in MCF-7 breast cancer cells confers resistance to mitoxantrone, doxorubicin, and daunorubicin, reduces daunorubicin accumulation and retention, and causes an ATP-dependent enhancement of the efflux of rhodamine 123 in the cloned transfected cells. BCRP is a xenobiotic transporter that appears to play a major role in the multidrug resistance phenotype of MCF-7/AdrVp human breast cancer cells. more

Topics: P-glycoprotein (60%), ABCC1 (57%), Abcg2 (56%) more

2,143 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0022-2275(20)31588-1
Abstract: The transport of specific molecules across lipid membranes is an essential function of all living organisms and a large number of specific transporters have evolved to carry out this function. The largest transporter gene family is the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily. These proteins translocate a wide variety of substrates including sugars, amino acids, metal ions, peptides, and proteins, and a large number of hydrophobic compounds and metabolites across extra- and intracellular membranes. ABC genes are essential for many processes in the cell, and mutations in these genes cause or contribute to several human genetic disorders including cystic fibrosis, neurological disease, retinal degeneration, cholesterol and bile transport defects, anemia, and drug response. Characterization of eukaryotic genomes has allowed the complete identification of all the ABC genes in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Drosophila, and C. elegans genomes. To date, there are 48 characterized human ABC genes. The genes can be divided into seven distinct subfamilies, based on organization of domains and amino acid homology. Many ABC genes play a role in the maintenance of the lipid bilayer and in the transport of fatty acids and sterols within the body. Here, we review the current knowledge of the human ABC genes, their role in inherited disease, and understanding of the topology of these genes within the membrane. more

2,077 Citations

Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1101/GR.184901
01 Jul 2001-Genome Research
Abstract: The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter superfamily contains membrane proteins that translocate a variety of substrates across extra- and intra-cellular membranes. Genetic variation in these genes is the cause of or contributor to a wide variety of human disorders with Mendelian and complex inheritance, including cystic fibrosis, neurological disease, retinal degeneration, cholesterol and bile transport defects, anemia, and drug response. Conservation of the ATP-binding domains of these genes has allowed the identification of new members of the superfamily based on nucleotide and protein sequence homology. Phylogenetic analysis is used to divide all 48 known ABC transporters into seven distinct subfamilies of proteins. For each gene, the precise map location on human chromosomes, expression data, and localization within the superfamily has been determined. These data allow predictions to be made as to potential functions or disease phenotypes associated with each protein. In this paper, we review the current state of knowledge on all human ABC genes in inherited disease and drug resistance. In addition, the availability of the complete Drosophila genome sequence allows the comparison of the known human ABC genes with those in the fly genome. The combined data enable an evolutionary analysis of the superfamily. Complete characterization of all ABC from the human genome and from model organisms will lead to important insights into the physiology and the molecular basis of many human disorders. more

1,573 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/11914
Marek Bodzioch1, Evelyn Orsó1, Jochen Klucken1, Thomas Langmann1  +13 moreInstitutions (2)
01 Aug 1999-Nature Genetics
Abstract: Tangier disease (TD) is an autosomal recessive disorder of lipid metabolism. It is characterized by absence of plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and deposition of cholesteryl esters in the reticulo-endothelial system with splenomegaly and enlargement of tonsils and lymph nodes. Although low HDL cholesterol is associated with an increased risk for coronary artery disease, this condition is not consistently found in TD pedigrees. Metabolic studies in TD patients have revealed a rapid catabolism of HDL and its precursors. In contrast to normal mononuclear phagocytes (MNP), MNP from TD individuals degrade internalized HDL in unusual lysosomes, indicating a defect in cellular lipid metabolism. HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux and intracellular lipid trafficking and turnover are abnormal in TD fibroblasts, which have a reduced in vitro growth rate. The TD locus has been mapped to chromosome 9q31. Here we present evidence that TD is caused by mutations in ABC1, encoding a member of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter family, located on chromosome 9q22-31. We have analysed five kindreds with TD and identified seven different mutations, including three that are expected to impair the function of the gene product. The identification of ABC1 as the TD locus has implications for the understanding of cellular HDL metabolism and reverse cholesterol transport, and its association with premature cardiovascular disease. more

Topics: ABCA1 (60%), Tangier disease (59%), ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1 (59%) more

1,519 Citations

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Suresh V. Ambudkar

82 papers, 5.8K citations

Zhe-Sheng Chen

48 papers, 3.7K citations

Lutz Schmitt

44 papers, 1.3K citations

Susan P.C. Cole

40 papers, 9.4K citations

Michael M. Gottesman

34 papers, 4.3K citations

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