Topic

# Augmented Lagrangian method

About: Augmented Lagrangian method is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 3962 publications have been published within this topic receiving 122358 citations.

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TL;DR: An SQP algorithm that uses a smooth augmented Lagrangian merit function and makes explicit provision for infeasibility in the original problem and the QP subproblems is discussed.

Abstract: Sequential quadratic programming (SQP) methods have proved highly effective for solving constrained optimization problems with smooth nonlinear functions in the objective and constraints. Here we consider problems with general inequality constraints (linear and nonlinear). We assume that first derivatives are available and that the constraint gradients are sparse.
We discuss an SQP algorithm that uses a smooth augmented Lagrangian merit function and makes explicit provision for infeasibility in the original problem and the QP subproblems. SNOPT is a particular implementation that makes use of a semidefinite QP solver. It is based on a limited-memory quasi-Newton approximation to the Hessian of the Lagrangian and uses a reduced-Hessian algorithm (SQOPT) for solving the QP subproblems. It is designed for problems with many thousands of constraints and variables but a moderate number of degrees of freedom (say, up to 2000). An important application is to trajectory optimization in the aerospace industry. Numerical results are given for most problems in the CUTE and COPS test collections (about 900 examples).

2,555 citations

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TL;DR: A dual method is proposed which decouples the difficulties relative to the functionals f and g from the possible ill-conditioning effects of the linear operator A and leads to an efficient and simply implementable algorithm.

Abstract: For variational problems of the form Inf v∈ V {f(Av)+g(v)} , we propose a dual method which decouples the difficulties relative to the functionals f and g from the possible ill-conditioning effects of the linear operator A. The approach is based on the use of an Augmented Lagrangian functional and leads to an efficient and simply implementable algorithm. We study also the finite element approximation of such problems, compatible with the use of our algorithm. The method is finally applied to solve several problems of continuum mechanics.

2,186 citations

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TL;DR: The main purpose of this paper is to suggest a method for finding the minimum of a functionf(x) subject to the constraintg(x)=0, which consists of replacingf byF=f+λg+1/2cg2, and computing the appropriate value of the Lagrange multiplier.

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to suggest a method for finding the minimum of a functionf(x) subject to the constraintg(x)=0. The method consists of replacingf byF=f+λg+1/2cg
2, wherec is a suitably large constant, and computing the appropriate value of the Lagrange multiplier. Only the simplest algorithm is presented. The remaining part of the paper is devoted to a survey of known methods for finding unconstrained minima, with special emphasis on the various gradient techniques that are available. This includes Newton's method and the method of conjugate gradients.

2,012 citations

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TL;DR: An SQP algorithm that uses a smooth augmented Lagrangian merit function and makes explicit provision for infeasibility in the original problem and the QP subproblems is discussed and a reduced-Hessian semidefinite QP solver (SQOPT) is discussed.

Abstract: Sequential quadratic programming (SQP) methods have proved highly effective for solving constrained optimization problems with smooth nonlinear functions in the objective and constraints. Here we consider problems with general inequality constraints (linear and nonlinear). We assume that first derivatives are available and that the constraint gradients are sparse. Second derivatives are assumed to be unavailable or too expensive to calculate.
We discuss an SQP algorithm that uses a smooth augmented Lagrangian merit function and makes explicit provision for infeasibility in the original problem and the QP subproblems. The Hessian of the Lagrangian is approximated using a limited-memory quasi-Newton method.
SNOPT is a particular implementation that uses a reduced-Hessian semidefinite QP solver (SQOPT) for the QP subproblems. It is designed for problems with many thousands of constraints and variables but is best suited for problems with a moderate number of degrees of freedom (say, up to 2000). Numerical results are given for most of the CUTEr and COPS test collections (about 1020 examples of all sizes up to 40000 constraints and variables, and up to 20000 degrees of freedom).

1,949 citations