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About: Aviation is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 8536 publications have been published within this topic receiving 67082 citations. The topic is also known as: flying.

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18 Mar 2000-BMJ
TL;DR: Although operating theatres are not cockpits, medicine could learn from aviation and aviation has developed standardised methods of investigating, documenting, and disseminating errors and their lessons.
Abstract: Pilots and doctors operate in complex environments where teams interact with technology. In both domains, risk varies from low to high with threats coming from a variety of sources in the environment. Safety is paramount for both professions, but cost issues can influence the commitment of resources for safety efforts. Aircraft accidents are infrequent, highly visible, and often involve massive loss of life, resulting in exhaustive investigation into causal factors, public reports, and remedial action. Research by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration into aviation accidents has found that 70% involve human error.1 In contrast, medical adverse events happen to individual patients and seldom receive national publicity. More importantly, there is no standardised method of investigation, documentation, and dissemination. The US Institute of Medicine estimates that each year between 44 000 and 98 000 people die as a result of medical errors. When error is suspected, litigation and new regulations are threats in both medicine and aviation. #### Summary points In aviation, accidents are usually highly visible, and as a result aviation has developed standardised methods of investigating, documenting, and disseminating errors and their lessons Although operating theatres are not cockpits, medicine could learn from aviation Observation of flights in operation has identified failures of compliance, communication, procedures, proficiency, and decision making in contributing to errors Surveys in operating theatres have confirmed that pilots and doctors have common interpersonal problem areas and similarities in professional culture Accepting the inevitability of error and the importance of reliable data on error and its management will allow systematic efforts to reduce the frequency and severity of adverse events Error results from physiological and psychological limitations of humans.2 Causes of error include fatigue, workload, and fear as well as cognitive overload, poor interpersonal communications, imperfect information processing, and flawed decision making.3 In both aviation …

1,312 citations

01 Oct 1996
TL;DR: This volume offers eloquent and carefully reasoned arguments for a human-centered approach to the development and implementation of new technology in aviation.
Abstract: This volume offers eloquent and carefully reasoned arguments for a human-centered approach to the development and implementation of new technology in aviation. Part I is an overview of automation in aviation and explains both the application of automation and the concept of human-centered automation. Part II traces the evolution and course of aviation automation. This covers air traffic control and management, as well as aircraft automation. Part III discusses the role of human operators in the aviation system and human-machine integration in the future system. Part IV looks to the future; it expands on novel concepts and discusses requirements for aviation automation and its certification.

823 citations

01 Jan 1970
TL;DR: The "Jane's All the World's Aircraft" set the standard in aviation reference as discussed by the authors, which provides exhaustive technical detail on over 1,000 civil and military aircraft currently being produced or under development by more than 560 companies.
Abstract: "Jane's All the World's Aircraft" sets the standard in aviation reference. It provides exhaustive technical detail on over 1,000 civil and military aircraft currently being produced or under development by more than 560 companies. Photographs and line drawings aid recognition and comparison, giving you the ability to evaluate competitors, recognise trends in aerospace development, identify potential buyers and select business partners. You can check key specifications for any aircraft, including dimensions, performance, structure, landing gear, power plants and armaments. In addition, there are details of the world's aircraft manufacturers and their programmes, so you can identify key contracts, production rates, customers and order backlogs.

515 citations

01 Jan 1988
TL;DR: Human Factors in Aircraft Design: S. Baron, Pilot Control, and S. Hart, Helicopter Human Factors.
Abstract: The fundamental principles of human-factors (HF) analysis for aviation applications are examined in a collection of reviews by leading experts, with an emphasis on recent developments. The aim is to provide information and guidance to the aviation community outside the HF field itself. Topics addressed include the systems approach to HF, system safety considerations, the human senses in flight, information processing, aviation workloads, group interaction and crew performance, flight training and simulation, human error in aviation operations, and aircrew fatigue and circadian rhythms. Also discussed are pilot control; aviation displays; cockpit automation; HF aspects of software interfaces; the design and integration of cockpit-crew systems; and HF issues for airline pilots, general aviation, helicopters, and ATC.

508 citations

03 Apr 2009
TL;DR: In this article, Belobaba et al. present an overview of the Global Airline Industry and its role in the air travel industry, including the role of labor relations and human resource management.
Abstract: List of Contributors. Series Preface. Notes on Contributors. Acknowledgements. 1 Introduction and Overview (P eter P. Belobaba and Amedeo Odoni). 1.1 Introduction: The Global Airline Industry. 1.2 Overview of Chapters. References. 2 The International Institutional and Regulatory Environment (Amedeo Odoni). 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Background on the International Regulatory Environment. 2.3 Airline Privatization and International Economic Regulation. 2.4 Airports. 2.5 Air Traffic Management. 2.6 Key Organizations and Their Roles. 2.7 Summary and Conclusions. References. 3 Overview of Airline Economics, Markets and Demand (Peter P. Belobaba). 3.1 Airline Terminology and Definitions. 3.2 Air Transportation Markets. 3.3 Origin-Destination Market Demand. 3.4 Air Travel Demand Models. 3.5 Airline Competition and Market Share. 3.6 Chapter Summary. References. 4 Fundamentals of Pricing and Revenue Management ( Peter P. Belobaba). 4.1 Airline Prices and O-D Markets. 4.2 Airline Differential Pricing. 4.3 Airline Revenue Management. References. 5 Airline Operating Costs and Measures of Productivity ( Peter P. Belobaba). 5.1 Airline Cost Categorization. 5.2 Operating Expense Comparisons. 5.3 Comparisons of Airline Unit Costs. 5.4 Measures of Airline Productivity. References. 6 The Airline Planning Process (Peter P. Belobaba). 6.1 Fleet Planning. 6.2 Route Planning. 6.3 Airline Schedule Development. 6.4 The Future: Integrated Airline Planning. References. 7 Airline Schedule Optimization (Cynthia Barnhart). 7.1 Schedule Optimization Problems. 7.2 Fleet Assignment. 7.3 Schedule Design Optimization. 7.4 Crew Scheduling. 7.5 Aircraft Maintenance Routing and Crew Pairing Optimization. 7.6 Future Directions for Schedule Optimization. References. 8 Airline Flight Operations (Alan H. Midkiff, R. John Hansman and Tom G. Reynolds). 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Regulation and Scheduling. 8.3 Flight Crew Activities During a Typical Flight. 8.4 Summary. 8.5 Appendix: List of Acronyms. References. 9 Irregular Operations: Schedule Recovery and Robustness (Cynthia Barnhart). 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Irregular Operations. 9.3 Robust Airline Scheduling. 9.4 Directions for Ongoing and Future Work on Schedule Recovery from Irregular Operations. References. 10 Labor Relations and Human Resource Management in the Airline Industry (Jody Hoffer Gittell, Andrew von Nordenflycht, Thomas A. Kochan, Robert McKersie and Greg J. Bamber). 10.1 Alternative Strategies for the Employment Relationship. 10.2 Labor Relations in the US Airline Industry. 10.3 Labor Relations in the Airline Industry in Other Countries. 10.4 Human Resource Management at Airlines. 10.5 Conclusions. References. 11 Aviation Safety and Security (Arnold Barnett). 11.1 Safety. 11.2 Security. References. 12 Airports (Amedeo Odoni). 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 General Background. 12.3 Physical Characteristics. 12.4 Capacity, Delays and Demand Management. 12.5 Institutional, Organizational and Economic Characteristics. References. 13 Air Traffic Control (R. John Hansman and Amedeo Odoni). 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 The Generic Elements of an ATC System. 13.3 Airspace and ATC Structure. 13.4 ATC Operations. 13.5 Standard Procedures. 13.6 Capacity Constraints. 13.7 Congestion and Air Traffic Management. 13.8 Future ATC Systems. References. 14 Air Transport and the Environment (Karen Marais and Ian A. Waitz). 14.1 Introduction. 14.2 Limiting Aviation's Environmental Impact: The Role of Regulatory Bodies. 14.3 Airport Water Quality Control. 14.4 Noise. 14.5 Surface Air Quality. 14.6 Impact of Aviation on Climate. 14.7 Summary and Looking Forward. References. 15 Information Technology in Airline Operations, Distribution and Passenger Processing (Peter P. Belobaba, William Swelbar and Cynthia Barnhart). 15.1 Information Technology in Airline Planning and Operations. 15.2 Airline Distribution Systems. 15.3 Distribution Costs and E-commerce Developments. 15.4 Innovations in Passenger Processing. References. 16 Critical Issues and Prospects for the Global Airline Industry (William Swelbar and Peter P. Belobaba). 16.1 Evolution of US and Global Airline Markets. 16.2 Looking Ahead: Critical Challenges for the Global Airline Industry. References. Index.

447 citations

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