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Background subtraction

About: Background subtraction is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 7819 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 168782 citation(s).

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Papers
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Proceedings ArticleDOI: 10.1109/CVPR.1999.784637
Chris Stauffer1, W.E.L. Grimson1Institutions (1)
23 Jun 1999-
Abstract: A common method for real-time segmentation of moving regions in image sequences involves "background subtraction", or thresholding the error between an estimate of the image without moving objects and the current image. The numerous approaches to this problem differ in the type of background model used and the procedure used to update the model. This paper discusses modeling each pixel as a mixture of Gaussians and using an on-line approximation to update the model. The Gaussian, distributions of the adaptive mixture model are then evaluated to determine which are most likely to result from a background process. Each pixel is classified based on whether the Gaussian distribution which represents it most effectively is considered part of the background model. This results in a stable, real-time outdoor tracker which reliably deals with lighting changes, repetitive motions from clutter, and long-term scene changes. This system has been run almost continuously for 16 months, 24 hours a day, through rain and snow.

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Topics: Background subtraction (69%), Mixture model (61%), Image segmentation (56%) ...read more

7,436 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1109/34.868677
Chris Stauffer1, W.E.L. Grimson1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Our goal is to develop a visual monitoring system that passively observes moving objects in a site and learns patterns of activity from those observations. For extended sites, the system will require multiple cameras. Thus, key elements of the system are motion tracking, camera coordination, activity classification, and event detection. In this paper, we focus on motion tracking and show how one can use observed motion to learn patterns of activity in a site. Motion segmentation is based on an adaptive background subtraction method that models each pixel as a mixture of Gaussians and uses an online approximation to update the model. The Gaussian distributions are then evaluated to determine which are most likely to result from a background process. This yields a stable, real-time outdoor tracker that reliably deals with lighting changes, repetitive motions from clutter, and long-term scene changes. While a tracking system is unaware of the identity of any object it tracks, the identity remains the same for the entire tracking sequence. Our system leverages this information by accumulating joint co-occurrences of the representations within a sequence. These joint co-occurrence statistics are then used to create a hierarchical binary-tree classification of the representations. This method is useful for classifying sequences, as well as individual instances of activities in a site.

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Topics: Match moving (59%), Background subtraction (58%), Tracking system (55%) ...read more

3,562 Citations


Book ChapterDOI: 10.1007/3-540-45053-X_48
26 Jun 2000-
Abstract: Background subtraction is a method typically used to segment moving regions in image sequences taken from a static camera by comparing each new frame to a model of the scene background. We present a novel non-parametric background model and a background subtraction approach. The model can handle situations where the background of the scene is cluttered and not completely static but contains small motions such as tree branches and bushes. The model estimates the probability of observing pixel intensity values based on a sample of intensity values for each pixel. The model adapts quickly to changes in the scene which enables very sensitive detection of moving targets. We also show how the model can use color information to suppress detection of shadows. The implementation of the model runs in real-time for both gray level and color imagery. Evaluation shows that this approach achieves very sensitive detection with very low false alarm rates.

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Topics: Background subtraction (71%), Foreground detection (55%), Motion estimation (53%) ...read more

2,360 Citations


Open accessProceedings ArticleDOI: 10.1109/ICSMC.2004.1400815
Massimo Piccardi1Institutions (1)
10 Oct 2004-
Abstract: Background subtraction is a widely used approach for detecting moving objects from static cameras. Many different methods have been proposed over the recent years and both the novice and the expert can be confused about their benefits and limitations. In order to overcome this problem, this paper provides a review of the main methods and an original categorisation based on speed, memory requirements and accuracy. Such a review can effectively guide the designer to select the most suitable method for a given application in a principled way. Methods reviewed include parametric and non-parametric background density estimates and spatial correlation approaches.

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Topics: Background subtraction (65%)

2,267 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/J.JSB.2015.11.003
Kai Zhang1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Accurate estimation of the contrast transfer function (CTF) is critical for a near-atomic resolution cryo electron microscopy (cryoEM) reconstruction. Here, a GPU-accelerated computer program, Gctf, for accurate and robust, real-time CTF determination is presented. The main target of Gctf is to maximize the cross-correlation of a simulated CTF with the logarithmic amplitude spectra (LAS) of observed micrographs after background subtraction. Novel approaches in Gctf improve both speed and accuracy. In addition to GPU acceleration (e.g. 10-50×), a fast '1-dimensional search plus 2-dimensional refinement (1S2R)' procedure further speeds up Gctf. Based on the global CTF determination, the local defocus for each particle and for single frames of movies is accurately refined, which improves CTF parameters of all particles for subsequent image processing. Novel diagnosis method using equiphase averaging (EPA) and self-consistency verification procedures have also been implemented in the program for practical use, especially for aims of near-atomic reconstruction. Gctf is an independent program and the outputs can be easily imported into other cryoEM software such as Relion (Scheres, 2012) and Frealign (Grigorieff, 2007). The results from several representative datasets are shown and discussed in this paper.

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Topics: Background subtraction (51%)

2,097 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20223
2021190
2020281
2019323
2018405
2017512

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Thierry Bouwmans

50 papers, 2.3K citations

Larry S. Davis

19 papers, 4.5K citations

Rin-ichiro Taniguchi

16 papers, 262 citations

Soon Ki Jung

13 papers, 639 citations

Sajid Javed

13 papers, 620 citations

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