About: Bacteria is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 23676 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 715990 citation(s). The topic is also known as: eubacteria.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jan 1990
TL;DR: A manual for the identification of medical bacteria is presented for the first time in a systematic fashion.
TL;DR: The evolution of quorum sensing systems in bacteria could, therefore, have been one of the early steps in the development of multicellularity.
Abstract: ▪ Abstract Quorum sensing is the regulation of gene expression in response to fluctuations in cell-population density. Quorum sensing bacteria produce and release chemical signal molecules called autoinducers that increase in concentration as a function of cell density. The detection of a minimal threshold stimulatory concentration of an autoinducer leads to an alteration in gene expression. Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria use quorum sensing communication circuits to regulate a diverse array of physiological activities. These processes include symbiosis, virulence, competence, conjugation, antibiotic production, motility, sporulation, and biofilm formation. In general, Gram-negative bacteria use acylated homoserine lactones as autoinducers, and Gram-positive bacteria use processed oligo-peptides to communicate. Recent advances in the field indicate that cell-cell communication via autoinducers occurs both within and between bacterial species. Furthermore, there is mounting data suggesting that ba...
01 Jan 1994
TL;DR: Methodology for General and Molecular Microbiology Morphology Light microscopy Determinative and cytological light microscopy Electron microscopy Cell fractionation Antigen-antibody reactions Growth: Physicochemical factors in growth Nutrition and media Enrichment and isolation Solid, liquid/solid and semisolid culture Liquid culture Growth measurement Culture preservation Molecular Genetics: Gene mutation Gene transfer in Gram-negative bacteria Gene transferIn Gram-positive bacteria Plasmids Transposon mutagenesis
Abstract: Methodology for General and Molecular Microbiology Morphology Light microscopy Determinative and cytological light microscopy Electron microscopy Cell fractionation Antigen-antibody reactions Growth: Physicochemical factors in growth Nutrition and media Enrichment and isolation Solid, liquid/solid and semisolid culture Liquid culture Growth measurement Culture preservation Molecular Genetics: Gene mutation Gene transfer in Gram-negative bacteria Gene transfer in Gram-positive bacteria Plasmids Transposon mutagenesis Gene cloning and expression Polymerase chain reaction Nucleic acid analysis Metabolism: Physical analysis Chemical analysis Enzymatic activity Permeability and transport Systematics: Phenotypic characterization DNA sequence similarities Ribosomal RNA hybridization and gene sequencing Nucleic acid probes General Methods: Laboratory safety Photography Records and reports
TL;DR: Changing the use of tetracyclines in human and animal health as well as in food production is needed if this class of broad-spectrum antimicrobials through the present century is to continue to be used.
Abstract: Tetracyclines were discovered in the 1940s and exhibited activity against a wide range of microorganisms including gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, chlamydiae, mycoplasmas, rickettsiae, and protozoan parasites. They are inexpensive antibiotics, which have been used extensively in the prophlylaxis and therapy of human and animal infections and also at subtherapeutic levels in animal feed as growth promoters. The first tetracycline-resistant bacterium, Shigella dysenteriae, was isolated in 1953. Tetracycline resistance now occurs in an increasing number of pathogenic, opportunistic, and commensal bacteria. The presence of tetracycline-resistant pathogens limits the use of these agents in treatment of disease. Tetracycline resistance is often due to the acquisition of new genes, which code for energy-dependent efflux of tetracyclines or for a protein that protects bacterial ribosomes from the action of tetracyclines. Many of these genes are associated with mobile plasmids or transposons and can be distinguished from each other using molecular methods including DNA-DNA hybridization with oligonucleotide probes and DNA sequencing. A limited number of bacteria acquire resistance by mutations, which alter the permeability of the outer membrane porins and/or lipopolysaccharides in the outer membrane, change the regulation of innate efflux systems, or alter the 16S rRNA. New tetracycline derivatives are being examined, although their role in treatment is not clear. Changing the use of tetracyclines in human and animal health as well as in food production is needed if we are to continue to use this class of broad-spectrum antimicrobials through the present century.
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