Topic

# Beam splitter

About: Beam splitter is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 20521 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 183313 citation(s).

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

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01 Jan 1969

Abstract: Introduction. Basic theory. Antireflection coating. Neutral mirrors and beam splitters. Multilayer high-reflectance coatings. Edge filters. Band-pass filters. Tilted coatings. Production methods and thin-film materials. Factors affecting layer and coating properties. Layer uniformity and thickness monitoring. Specification of filters and environmental effects. System considerations: applications of filters and coatings. Other topics. Characteristics of thin-film dielectric materials.

3,268 citations

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TL;DR: This work combines theory and experiment to demonstrate that a carefully designed gradient meta-surface supports high-efficiency anomalous reflections for near-infrared light following the generalized Snell's law, and the reflected wave becomes a bounded surface wave as the incident angle exceeds a critical value.

Abstract: We combine theory and experiment to demonstrate that a carefully designed gradient meta-surface supports high-efficiency anomalous reflections for near-infrared light following the generalized Snell's law, and the reflected wave becomes a bounded surface wave as the incident angle exceeds a critical value. Compared to previously fabricated gradient meta-surfaces in infrared regime, our samples work in a shorter wavelength regime with a broad bandwidth (750-900 nm), exhibit a much higher conversion efficiency (∼80%) to the anomalous reflection mode at normal incidence, and keep light polarization unchanged after the anomalous reflection. Finite-difference-time-domain (FDTD) simulations are in excellent agreement with experiments. Our findings may lead to many interesting applications, such as antireflection coating, polarization and spectral beam splitters, high-efficiency light absorbers, and surface plasmon couplers.

908 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}Abstract: A Lie-group-theoretical approach to the analysis of interferometers is presented. Conventional interferometers such as the Mach-Zehnder and Fabry-Perot can be characterized by SU(2). We introduce a class of interferometers characterized by SU(1,1). These interferometers employ active elements such as four-wave mixers or degenerate-parametric amplifiers in their construction. Both the SU(2) and SU(1,1) interferometers can in principle achieve a phase sensitivity Δo approaching 1/N, where N is the total number of quanta entering the interferometer, provided that the light entering the input ports is prepared in a suitable quantum state. SU(1,1) interferometers can achieve this sensitivity with fewer optical elements.

793 citations

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Abstract: We report on two experiments using an atomic cascade as a light source, and a triggered detection scheme for the second photon of the cascade. The first experiment shows a strong anticorrelation between the triggered detections on both sides of a beam splitter. This result is in contradiction with any classical wave model of light, but in agreement with a quantum description involving single-photon states. The same source and detection scheme were used in a second experiment, where we have observed interferences with a visibility over 98%. During the past fifteen years, nonclassical effects in the statistical properties of light have been extensively studied from a theoretical point of view (l), and some have been experimentally demonstrated (2-71. All are related to second-order coherence properties, via measurements of intensity correlation functions or of statistical moments. However, there has still been no test of the conceptually very simple situation dealing with single- photon states of the light impinging on a beam splitter. In this case, quantum mechanics predicts a perfect anticorrelation for photodetections on both sides of the beam splitter (a single-photon can only be detected once!), while any description involving classical fields would predict some amount of coincidences. In the first part of this letter, we report on an experiment close to this ideal situation, since we have found a coincidence rate, on both sides of a beam splitter, five times smaller than the classical lower limit. When it comes to single-photon states of light, it is tempting to revisit the famous historical .single-photon interference experiments. (8). One then finds that, in spite of their

752 citations

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TL;DR: A pair of correlated light quanta of 532-nm wavelength with the same linear polarization but divergent directions of propagation was produced by nonlinear optical parametric down conversion and observed a violation of Bell's inequality by 3 standard deviations.

Abstract: A pair of correlated light quanta of 532-nm wavelength with the same linear polarization but divergent directions of propagation was produced by nonlinear optical parametric down conversion. Each light quantum was converted to a definite polarization eigenstate and was reflected by a turning mirror to superpose with the other at a beam splitter. For coincident detection at separated detectors, polarization correlations of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm type were observed. We also observed a violation of Bell's inequality by 3 standard deviations.

725 citations