Topic

# Beamwidth

About: Beamwidth is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 4312 publications have been published within this topic receiving 57654 citations.

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TL;DR: Experimental results at 1.057 GHz that demonstrate the ability of a planar left-handed lens, with a relative refractive index of -1, to form images that overcome the diffraction limit are reported.

Abstract: We report experimental results at 1.057 GHz that demonstrate the ability of a planar left-handed lens, with a relative refractive index of $\ensuremath{-}1$, to form images that overcome the diffraction limit. The left-handed lens is a planar slab consisting of a grid of printed metallic strips over a ground plane, loaded with series capacitors ($C$) and shunt inductors ($L$). The measured half-power beamwidth of the point-source image formed by the left-handed lens is 0.21 effective wavelengths, which is significantly narrower than that of the diffraction-limited image corresponding to 0.36 wavelengths.

698 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a planar left-handed lens with a relative refractive index of 1.1 was used to overcome the diffraction limit at 1.057 GHz and achieved a half-power beamwidth of 0.21 effective wavelengths.

Abstract: We report experimental results at 1.057 GHz that demonstrate the ability of a planar left-handed lens, with a relative refractive index of $\ensuremath{-}1$, to form images that overcome the diffraction limit. The left-handed lens is a planar slab consisting of a grid of printed metallic strips over a ground plane, loaded with series capacitors ($C$) and shunt inductors ($L$). The measured half-power beamwidth of the point-source image formed by the left-handed lens is 0.21 effective wavelengths, which is significantly narrower than that of the diffraction-limited image corresponding to 0.36 wavelengths.

670 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: Results show that the degradation in performance with correlation in an adaptive array that combats fading and suppresses interference is only slightly larger than that for combating fading alone, i.e., with maximal ratio combining.

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the effect of correlations among the fading signals at the antenna elements of an adaptive array in a digital wireless communication system. With an adaptive array, the signals received by multiple antennas are optimally weighted and combined to suppress interference and combat desired signal fading. Previous results for flat and frequency-selective fading assumed independent fading at each antenna. Here, we present a model of local scattering around a mobile where the received multipath signals arrive at the base station within a given beamwidth, and derive a closed-form expression for the correlation as a function of antenna spacing. Results show that the degradation in performance with correlation in an adaptive array that combats fading and suppresses interference is only slightly larger than that for combating fading alone, i.e., with maximal ratio combining. This degradation is small even with correlation as high as 0.5. >

622 citations

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TL;DR: The measurement results confirm that the majority of the multipath components can be determined from image based ray tracing techniques for line-of-sight (LOS) applications and can be used as empirical values for broadband wireless system design for 60-GHz short-range channels.

Abstract: This article presents measurement results and models for 60-GHz channels. Multipath components were resolved in time by using a sliding correlator with 10-ns resolution and in space by sweeping a directional antenna with 7/spl deg/ half power beamwidth in the azimuthal direction. Power delay profiles (PDPs) and power angle profiles (PAPs) were measured in various indoor and short-range outdoor environments. Detailed multipath structure was retrieved from PDPs and PAPs and was related to site-specific environments. Results show an excellent correlation between the propagation environments and the multipath channel structures. The measurement results confirm that the majority of the multipath components can be determined from image based ray tracing techniques for line-of-sight (LOS) applications. For non-LOS (NLOS) propagation through walls, the metallic structure of composite walls must be considered. From the recorded PDPs and PAPs, received signal power and statistical parameters of angle-of-arrival and time-of-arrival were also calculated. These parameters accurately describe the spatial and temporal properties of millimeter-wave channels and can be used as empirical values for broadband wireless system design for 60-GHz short-range channels.

619 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a substrate-superstrate printed antenna geometry which allows for large antenna gain is presented, asymptotic formulas for gain, beamwidth, and bandwidth are given, and the bandwidth limitation of the method is discussed.

Abstract: Resonance conditions for a substrate-superstrate printed antenna geometry which allow for large antenna gain are presented. Asymptotic formulas for gain, beamwidth, and bandwidth are given, and the bandwidth limitation of the method is discussed. The method is extended to produce narrow patterns about the horizon, and directive patterns at two different angles.

568 citations