Topic

# Bending moment

About: Bending moment is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 14577 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 158834 citation(s). The topic is also known as: bending moment.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

More filters

01 Jan 1993

TL;DR: In this article, the authors present guidance on prestressed concrete design in normal weight concrete where prestress is by fully bonded tendons, advice is given on the required numbers of tendons and the prestressing force and the limit states.

Abstract: This document contains only that material from Eurocode 2 (EC2) necessary for the design of everyday reinforced and prestressed concrete structures. Other material not in EC2, including bending moment coefficients for beams and slabs and design charts are included in an appendix, so that designers have all the information they would expect to find in a British code. Recommendations are given for concrete cover and durability, and designs for the ultimate limit state in bending and axial load, shear resistance, and torsion is examined. The control of cracking and deflection is discussed. The guidance on prestressed concrete design is limited to structures in normal weight concrete where prestress is by fully bonded tendons. Advice is given on the required numbers of tendons, the prestressing force and the limit states. Anchorages and anchorage zones are considered.

2,383 citations

••

TL;DR: In this paper, an algorithm for the calculation of structural reliability under combined loading is formulated, in which loads or any other actions upon structures are modelled as independent random sequences and the relevant limit state criterion is pointwise approximated by a tangent hyperplane.

Abstract: An algorithm for the calculation of structural reliability under combined loading is formulated. Loads or any other actions upon structures are modelled as independent random sequences. The relevant limit state criterion is pointwise approximated by a tangent hyperplane. The combination of time-variant actions then reduces to the calculation of the maximum of a sum of random variables which is facilitated through proper, discrete approximation of extreme value and other non-normal distribution functions by normal distributions. The iteration algorithm searches for an approximation point on the limit state criterion where the probability content of the failure domain limited by the tangent hyperplane reaches its maximum. Any type of continuous limit state criterion and any distribution type for the loads can be dealt with. The method is illustrated for a section of a wall without tensile strength loaded by a bending moment and a normal force.

1,778 citations

•

01 Sep 1981

TL;DR: In this article, the authors discuss the development of Vibration Analysis of Continuous Structural Elements (SSA) and their application in the field of deep shell physics, including the following:

Abstract: Preface to the Third Edition Preface to the Second Edition Preface to the First Edition Historical Development of Vibration Analysis of Continuous Structural Elements References Deep Shell Equations Shell Coordinates and Infinitesimal Distances in Shell Layers Stress-Strain Relationships Strain-Displacement Relationships Love Simplifications Membrane Forces and Bending Moments Energy Expressions Love's Equations by Way of Hamilton's Principle Boundary Conditions Hamilton's Principle Other Deep Shell Theories Shells of Nonuniform Thickness References Radii of Curvature References Equations of Motion for Commonly Occurring Geometries Shells of Revolution Circular Conical Shell Circular Cylindrical Shell Spherical Shell Other Geometries References Nonshell Structures Arch Beam and Rod Circular Ring Plate Torsional Vibration of Circular Cylindrical Shell and Reduction to a Torsion Bar References Natural Frequencies and Modes General Approach Transversely Vibrating Beams Circular Ring Rectangular Plates That are Simply Supported Along Two Opposing Edges Circular Cylindrical Shell Simply Supported Circular Plates Vibrating Transversely Examples: Plate Clamped at Boundary Orthogonality Property of Natural Modes Superposition Modes Orthogonal Modes from Nonorthogonal Superposition Modes Distortion of Experimental Modes Because of Damping Separating Time Formally Uncoupling of Equations of Motion In-Plane Vibrations of Rectangular Plates In-Plane Vibration of Circular Plates Deep Circular Cylindrical Panel Simply Supported at All Edges Natural Mode Solutions by Power Series On Regularities Concerning Nodelines References Simplified Shell Equations Membrane Approximations Axisymmetric Eigenvalues of a Spherical Shell Bending Approximation Circular Cylindrical Shell Zero In-Plane Deflection Approximation Example: Curved Fan Blade Donnell-Mushtari-Vlasov Equations Natural Frequencies and Modes Circular Cylindrical Shell Circular Duct Clamped at Both Ends Vibrations of a Freestanding Smokestack Special Cases of the Simply Supported Closed Shell and Curved Panel Barrel-Shaped Shell Spherical Cap Inextensional Approximation: Ring Toroidal Shell The Barrel-Shaped Shell Using Modified Love Equations Doubly Curved Rectangular Plate References Approximate Solution Techniques Approximate Solutions by Way of the Variational Integral Use of Beam Functions Galerkin's Method Applied to Shell Equations Rayleigh-Ritz Method Southwell's Principle Dunkerley's Principle Strain Energy Expressions References Forced Vibrations of Shells by Modal Expansion Model Participation Factor Initial Conditions Solution of the Modal Participation Factor Equation Reduced Systems Steady-State Harmonic Response Step and Impulse Response Influence of Load Distribution Point Loads Line Loads Point Impact Impulsive Forces and Point Forces Described by Dirac Delta Functions Definitions and Integration Property of the Dirac Delta Function Selection of Mode Phase Angles for Shells of Revolution Steady-State Circular Cylindrical Shell Response to Harmonic Point Load with All Mode Components Considered Initial Velocity Excitation of a Simply Supported Cylindrical Shell Static Deflections Rectangular Plate Response to Initial Displacement Caused by Static Sag The Concept of Modal Mass, Stiffness Damping, and Forcing Steady State Response of Shells to Periodic Forcing Plate Response to a Periodic Square Wave Forcing Beating Response to Steady State Harmonic Forcing References Dynamic Influence (Green's) Function Formulation of the Influence Function Solution to General Forcing Using the Dynamic Influence Function Reduced Systems Dynamic Influence Function for the Simply Supported Shell Dynamic Influence Function for the Closed Circular Ring Traveling Point Load on a Simply Supported Cylindrical Shell Point Load Traveling Around a Closed Circular Cylindrical Shell in Circumferential Direction Steady-State Harmonic Green's Function Rectangular Plate Examples Floating Ring Impacted by a Point Mass References Moment Loading Formulation of Shell Equations That Include Moment Loading Modal Expansion Solution Rotating Point Moment on a Plate Rotating Point Moment on a Shell Rectangular Plate Excited by a Line Moment Response of a Ring on an Elastic Foundation to a Harmonic Point Moment Moment Green's Function References Vibration of Shells and Membranes Under the Influence of Initial Stresses Strain-Displacement Relationships Equations of Motion Pure Membranes Example: The Circular Membrane Spinning Saw Blade Donnell-Mushtari-Vlasov Equations Extended to Include Initial Stresses References Shell Equations with Shear Deformation and Rotary Inertia Equations of Motion Beams with Shear Deflection and Rotary Inertia Plates with Transverse Shear Deflection and Rotary Inertia Circular Cylindrical Shells with Transverse Shear Deflection and Rotary Inertia References Combinations of Structures Receptance Method Mass Attached to Cylindrical Panel Spring Attached to Shallow Cylindrical Panel Harmonic Response of a System in Terms of Its Component Receptances Dynamic Absorber Harmonic Force Applied Through a Spring Steady-State Response to Harmonic Displacement Excitation Complex Receptances Stiffening of Shells Two Systems Joined by Two or More Displacement Suspension of an Instrument Package in a Shell Subtracting Structural Subsystems Three and More Systems Connected Examples of Three Systems Connected to Each Other References Hysteresis Damping Equivalent Viscous Damping Coefficient Hysteresis Damping Direct Utilization of Hysteresis Model in Analysis Hysteretically Damped Plate Excited by Shaker Steady State Response to Periodic Forcing References Shells Made of Composite Material Nature of Composites Lamina-Constitutive Relationship Laminated Composite Equation of Motion Orthotropic Plate Circular Cylindrical Shell Orthotropic Nets or Textiles Under Tension Hanging Net or Curtain Shells Made of Homogeneous and Isotropic Lamina Simply Supported Sandwich Plates and Beams Composed of Three Homogeneous and Isotropic Lamina References Rotating Structures String Parallel to Axis of Rotation Beam Parallel to Axis of Rotation Rotating Ring Rotating Ring Using Inextensional Approximation Cylindrical Shell Rotating with Constant Spin About Its Axis General Rotations of Elastic Systems Shells of Revolution with Constant Spin About Their Axes of Rotation Spinning Disk References Thermal Effects Stress Resultants Equations of Motion Plate Arch, Ring, Beam, and Rod Limitations Elastic Foundations Equations of Motion for Shells on Elastic Foundations Natural Frequencies and Modes Plates on Elastic Foundations Ring on Elastic Foundation Donnell-Mushtari-Vlasov Equations with Transverse Elastic Foundation Forces Transmitted Into the Base of the Elastic Foundation Vertical Force Transmission Through the Elastic Foundation of a Ring on a Rigid Wheel Response of a Shell on an Elastic Foundation to Base Excitation Plate Examples of Base Excitation and Force Transmission Natural Frequencies and Modes of a Ring on an Elastic Foundation in Ground Contact at a Point Response of a Ring on an Elastic Foundation to a Harmonic Point Displacement References Similitude General Similitude Derivation of Exact Similitude Relationships for Natural Frequencies of Thin Shells Plates Shallow Spherical Panels of Arbitrary Contours (Influence of Curvature) Forced Response Approximate Scaling of Shells Controlled by Membrane Stiffness Approximate Scaling of Shells Controlled by Bending Stiffness References Interactions with Liquids and Gases Fundamental Form in Three-Dimensional Curvilinear Coordinates Stress-Strain-Displacement Relationships Energy Expressions Equations of Motion of Vibroelasticity with Shear Example: Cylindrical Coordinates Example: Cartesian Coordinates One-Dimensional Wave Equations for Solids Three-Dimensional Wave Equations for Solids Three-Dimensional Wave Equations for Inviscid Compressible Liquids and Gases (Acoustics) Interface Boundary Conditions Example: Acoustic Radiation Incompressible Liquids Example: Liquid on a Plate Orthogonality of Natural Modes for Three-Dimensional Solids, Liquids, and Gases References Discretizing Approaches Finite Differences Finite Elements Free and Forced Vibration Solutions References Index

1,106 citations

••

TL;DR: In this paper, a limiting yield strength curve, which is primarily a function of temperature, is constructed from data from brittle failure and ductile flow experiments, in order to formulate a more realistic constitutive relation.

Abstract: Summary. Previous attempts to deduce the stress distribution in the bending lithosphere near a consuming plate margin have relied on the observed bathymetry and an assumed constitutive relation for lithospheric behaviour, eg. perfectly elastic, viscous/perfectly plastic, or elastic perfectly plastic. From the point of view of rock mechanics, each of these approximations fails to describe one or more of several basic phenomena, including brittle failure of rock, temperature dependence of elasticity, and temperature and/or strain rate dependence of ductile behaviour. In order to formulate a more realistic constitutive relation, a limiting yield strength curve, which is primarily a function of temperature, is constructed from data from brittle failure and ductile flow experiments. The moments which can be supported by plates with this constitutive behaviour are compared to the moments calculated from bathymetric profiles. The comparison indicates that moments required by the bathymetric data are consistent with moments supported by plates with experimentally determined constitutive laws as extrapolated to geo- logically reasonable temperatures and strain rates. The stresses developed in such models are required to reach values greater than 100 MPat in the depth range 25-45 km. Geotherms necessary for strength curves consistent with moments calculated from the bathymetric data match those derived from heat flow data for the Aleutian, Bonin, Mariana and Tonga trenches. Of the trenches studied, only the geotherm inferred from the Kuril trench data is significantly different, perhaps implying that the Kuril plate is weaker than the others. The strength curves show that as a first approximation it is better to assume that bending moment is independent of curvature of the plate than to assume that bending moment and curvature are linearly related.

803 citations

01 Jan 1970

TL;DR: In this paper, a new strip theory is presented for predicting heave, pitch, sway, roll, and yaw motions as well as wave-induced vertical and horizontal shear forces, bending moments, and torsional moments for a ship advancing at constant speed with arbitrary heading in regular waves.

Abstract: A new strip theory is presented for predicting heave, pitch, sway, roll, and yaw motions as well as wave-induced vertical and horizontal shear forces, bending moments, and torsional moments for a ship advancing at constant speed with arbitrary heading in regular waves. A computer program based on this theory and with accurate close-fit section representation has been developed. Comparisons between computed values and experimental data show satisfactory agreement in general. In particular, very good agreement is shown for the heave and pitch motions and the vertical loads. Accurate results are also obtained for the coupled sway-roll motions in beam waves. Although comparisons are not yet available for the sway-roll-yaw motions in oblique waves, the satisfactory agreement shown for the horizontal loads in oblique waves suggests that the theory may also predict the horizontal motions quite well.

693 citations