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Benthic zone

About: Benthic zone is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 23176 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 763926 citation(s). more

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01 Jan 1975-
Abstract: Preface 1 Prologue 2 Water as a Substance 3 Rivers and Lakes - Their Distribution, Origins, and Forms 4 Water Economy 5 Light in Inland Waters 6 Fate of Heat 7 Water Movements 8 Structure and Productivity of Aquatic Ecosystems 9 Oxygen 10 Salinity of Inland Waters 11 The Inorganic Carbon Complex 12 The Nitrogen Cycle 13 The Phosphorus Cycle 14 Iron, Sulfer, and Silica Cycles 15 Planktonic Communities: Algae and Cyanobacteria 16 Plantonic Communities: Zooplankton and their Interactions with Fish 17 Bacterioplankton 18 Land-Water Interfaces: Larger Plants 19 Land-Water Interfaces: Attached Microorganisms, Littoral Algae, and Zooplankton 20 Shallow Lakes and Ponds 21 Sediments and Microflora 22 Benthic Animals and Fish Communities 23 Detrirus: Organic Carbon Cycling and Ecosystem Metabolism 24 Past Productivity: Paleolimnology 25 The Ontogeny of Inland Aquatic Ecosystmes 26 Inland waters: Understanding is Essential for the Future References Appendix Index more

5,024 citations

01 Jan 1993-
TL;DR: This chapter discusses biomonitoring using freshwater benthic macroinvertebrates using individual organisms, populations, and species assemblages for assessment of ecosystem health, as well as new approaches to quantitative and qualitative assessment. more

Abstract: Introduction to freshwater biomonitoring and benthic macroinvertebrates-- D. M. Rosenberg and V. H. Resh A history of biological monitoring using benthic macroinvertebrates-- J. Cairns, Jr. and J. R. Pratt The literature of biomonitoring-- K. E. Marshall Freshwater biomonitoring using individual organisms, populations, and species assemblages of benthic macroinvertebrates-- R. K. Johnson, T. Weiderholm and D. M. Rosenberg Contemporary quantitative approaches to biomonitoring using benthic macroinvertebrates-- V. H. Resh and E. P. McElravy Rapid assessment approaches to biomonitoring using benthic macroinvertebrates-- V. H. Resh and J. K. Jackson Analysis and interpretation of benthic macroinvertebrate surveys-- R. H. Norris and A. Georges Monitoring freshwater benthic macroinvertebrates and benthic processes: measures for assessment of ecosystem health-- S. R. Reice and M. Wohlenberg Paleolimnological biomonitoring using freshwater benthic macroinvertebrates-- I. R. Walker toxicity studies using freshwater benthic macroinvertebrates-- A. L. Buikema, Jr. and J. Reice Voshell, Jr. Field experiments in biomonitoring-- S. D. Cooper and L. Barmuta Future directions in freshwater biomonitoring using benthic macroinvertebrates-- R. O. Brinkhurst. more

1,933 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Fabry, V. J., Seibel, B. A., Feely, R. A., and Orr, J. C. 2008. Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes. - ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65: 414-432.Oceanic uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is altering the seawater chemistry of the world’s oceans with consequences for marine biota. Elevated partial pressure of CO 2 (pCO 2 ) is causing the calcium carbonate saturation horizon to shoal in many regions, particularly in high latitudes and regions that intersect with pronounced hypoxic zones. The ability of marine animals, most importantly pteropod molluscs, foraminifera, and some benthic invertebrates, to produce calcareous skeletal structures is directly affected by seawater CO 2 chemistry. CO 2 influences the physiology of marine organisms as well through acid-base imbalance and reduced oxygen transport capacity. The few studies at relevant pCO 2 levels impede our ability to predict future impacts on foodweb dynamics and other ecosystem processes. Here we present new observations, review available data, and identify priorities for future research, based on regions, ecosystems, taxa, and physiological processes believed to be most vulnerable to ocean acidification. We conclude that ocean acidification and the synergistic impacts of other anthropogenic stressors provide great potential for widespread changes to marine ecosystems. more

1,806 citations

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Roberto Danovaro

101 papers, 6.8K citations

Ellen Thomas

51 papers, 2.6K citations

Andreas Mackensen

45 papers, 2.8K citations

Andrew J. Gooday

44 papers, 4.6K citations

Frans Jorissen

41 papers, 5.7K citations