About: Binary number is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 7616 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 112299 citation(s). The topic is also known as: base 021 & J^2-O^2.
Claude E. Shannon1•Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1949-
TL;DR: A method is developed for representing any communication system geometrically and a number of results in communication theory are deduced concerning expansion and compression of bandwidth and the threshold effect.
Abstract: A method is developed for representing any communication system geometrically Messages and the corresponding signals are points in two "function spaces," and the modulation process is a mapping of one space into the other Using this representation, a number of results in communication theory are deduced concerning expansion and compression of bandwidth and the threshold effect Formulas are found for the maximum rate of transmission of binary digits over a system when the signal is perturbed by various types of noise Some of the properties of "ideal" systems which transmit at this maximum rate are discussed The equivalent number of binary digits per second for certain information sources is calculated
12 Oct 1997-
TL;DR: The paper reports a reworking of the particle swarm algorithm to operate on discrete binary variables, where trajectories are changes in the probability that a coordinate will take on a zero or one value.
Abstract: The particle swarm algorithm adjusts the trajectories of a population of "particles" through a problem space on the basis of information about each particle's previous best performance and the best previous performance of its neighbors. Previous versions of the particle swarm have operated in continuous space, where trajectories are defined as changes in position on some number of dimensions. The paper reports a reworking of the algorithm to operate on discrete binary variables. In the binary version, trajectories are changes in the probability that a coordinate will take on a zero or one value. Examples, applications, and issues are discussed.
05 Sep 2010-
TL;DR: This work proposes to use binary strings as an efficient feature point descriptor, which is called BRIEF, and shows that it is highly discriminative even when using relatively few bits and can be computed using simple intensity difference tests.
Abstract: We propose to use binary strings as an efficient feature point descriptor, which we call BRIEF. We show that it is highly discriminative even when using relatively few bits and can be computed using simple intensity difference tests. Furthermore, the descriptor similarity can be evaluated using the Hamming distance, which is very efficient to compute, instead of the L2 norm as is usually done. As a result, BRIEF is very fast both to build and to match. We compare it against SURF and U-SURF on standard benchmarks and show that it yields a similar or better recognition performance, while running in a fraction of the time required by either.
TL;DR: A mapping of m symbols into 2 symbols will be shown to be (2 m)/2 or ( 2 m 1)/2 symbol correcting, depending on whether m is even or odd.
Abstract: a._) into the 2-tuple (P(0), P(a), P(a:), P(1 ); this m-tuple might be some encoded message and the corresponding 2n-tuple is to be transmitted. This mapping of m symbols into 2 symbols will be shown to be (2 m)/2 or (2 m 1)/2 symbol correcting, depending on whether m is even or odd. A natural correspondence is established between the field elements of K and certain binary sequences of length n. Under this correspondence, code E may be regarded as a mapping of binary sequences of mn bits into binary sequences of n2 bits. Thus code E can be interpreted to be a systematic multiple-error-correcting code of binary sequences.
Jack E. Volder1•Institutions (1)
01 Sep 1959-Ire Transactions on Electronic Computers
TL;DR: The trigonometric algorithms used in this computer and the instrumentation of these algorithms are discussed in this paper.
Abstract: The COordinate Rotation DIgital Computer(CORDIC) is a special-purpose digital computer for real-time airborne computation. In this computer, a unique computing technique is employed which is especially suitable for solving the trigonometric relationships involved in plane coordinate rotation and conversion from rectangular to polar coordinates. CORDIC is an entire-transfer computer; it contains a special serial arithmetic unit consisting of three shift registers, three adder-subtractors, and special interconnections. By use of a prescribed sequence of conditional additions or subtractions, the CORDIC arithmetic unit can be controlled to solve either set of the following equations: Y' = K(Y cos? + X sin?) X' = K(X cos? - Y sin?), or R = K?X2 + Y2 ? = tan-1 Y/X, where K is an invariable constant. This special arithmetic unit is also suitable for other computations such as multiplication, division, and the conversion between binary and mixed radix number systems. However, only the trigonometric algorithms used in this computer and the instrumentation of these algorithms are discussed in this paper.