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Biochip

About: Biochip is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 2890 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 48082 citation(s).


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This review will introduce the currently relevant microfabrication technologies such as replication methods like hot embossing, injection molding, microthermoforming and casting as well as photodefining methods like lithography and laser ablation for microfluidic systems and discuss academic and industrial considerations for their use.
Abstract: Polymers have assumed the leading role as substrate materials for microfluidic devices in recent years. They offer a broad range of material parameters as well as material and surface chemical properties which enable microscopic design features that cannot be realised by any other class of materials. A similar range of fabrication technologies exist to generate microfluidic devices from these materials. This review will introduce the currently relevant microfabrication technologies such as replication methods like hot embossing, injection molding, microthermoforming and casting as well as photodefining methods like lithography and laser ablation for microfluidic systems and discuss academic and industrial considerations for their use. A section on back-end processing completes the overview.

778 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Robin H. Liu1, Jianing Yang1, Ralf Lenigk1, Justin Bonanno1, Piotr Grodzinski1 
TL;DR: The device provides a cost-effective solution to direct sample-to-answer genetic analysis and thus has a potential impact in the fields of point-of-care genetic analysis, environmental testing, and biological warfare agent detection.
Abstract: A fully integrated biochip device that consists of microfluidic mixers, valves, pumps, channels, chambers, heaters, and DNA microarray sensors was developed to perform DNA analysis of complex biological sample solutions. Sample preparation (including magnetic bead-based cell capture, cell preconcentration and purification, and cell lysis), polymerase chain reaction, DNA hybridization, and electrochemical detection were performed in this fully automated and miniature device. Cavitation microstreaming was implemented to enhance target cell capture from whole blood samples using immunomagnetic beads and accelerate DNA hybridization reaction. Thermally actuated paraffin-based microvalves were developed to regulate flows. Electrochemical pumps and thermopneumatic pumps were integrated on the chip to provide pumping of liquid solutions. The device is completely self-contained: no external pressure sources, fluid storage, mechanical pumps, or valves are necessary for fluid manipulation, thus eliminating possibl...

733 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: “With the fundamentals of microscale flow and species transport well developed, the recent trend in microfluidics has been to work towards the development of integrated devices which incorporate multiple fluidic, electronic and mechanical components or chemical processes onto a single chip sized substrate. Along with this has been a major push towards portability and therefore a decreased reliance on external infrastructure (such as detection sensors, heaters or voltage sources).” In this review we provide an in-depth look at the “state-of-the-art” in integrated microfludic devices for a broad range of application areas from on-chip DNA analysis, immunoassays and cytometry to advances in integrated detection technologies for and miniaturized fuel processing devices. In each area a few representative devices are examined with the intent of introducing the operating procedure, construction materials and manufacturing technique, as well as any unique and interesting features.

715 citations

Patent
05 Nov 2001
Abstract: The invention is directed to devices that allow for simultaneous multiple biochip analysis. In particular, the devices are configured to hold multiple cartridges comprising biochips comprising arrays such as nucleic acid arrays, and allow for high throughput analysis of samples.

551 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Different approaches using covalent and noncovalent chemistry are reviewed; particular emphasis is placed on the chemical specificity of protein attachment and on retention of protein function.
Abstract: Protein biochips are at the heart of many medical and bioanalytical applications. Increasing interest has been focused on surface activation and subsequent functionalization strategies for immobilizing these biomolecules. Different approaches using covalent and noncovalent chemistry are reviewed; particular emphasis is placed on the chemical specificity of protein attachment and on retention of protein function. Strategies for creating protein patterns (as opposed to protein arrays) are also outlined. An outlook on promising and challenging future directions for protein biochip research and applications is also offered.

534 citations

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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20222
202170
202085
2019127
2018120
2017122