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Bismuth ferrite

About: Bismuth ferrite is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1774 publications have been published within this topic receiving 45595 citations.


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Journal ArticleDOI
17 Aug 2006-Nature
TL;DR: A ferroelectric crystal exhibits a stable and switchable electrical polarization that is manifested in the form of cooperative atomic displacements that arises through the quantum mechanical phenomenon of exchange.
Abstract: A ferroelectric crystal exhibits a stable and switchable electrical polarization that is manifested in the form of cooperative atomic displacements. A ferromagnetic crystal exhibits a stable and switchable magnetization that arises through the quantum mechanical phenomenon of exchange. There are very few 'multiferroic' materials that exhibit both of these properties, but the 'magnetoelectric' coupling of magnetic and electrical properties is a more general and widespread phenomenon. Although work in this area can be traced back to pioneering research in the 1950s and 1960s, there has been a recent resurgence of interest driven by long-term technological aspirations.

6,813 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
14 Mar 2003-Science
TL;DR: Enhanced polarization and related properties in heteroepitaxially constrained thin films of the ferroelectromagnet, BiFeO3, and combined functional responses in thin film form present an opportunity to create and implement thin film devices that actively couple the magnetic and ferroelectric order parameters.
Abstract: Enhancement of polarization and related properties in heteroepitaxially constrained thin films of the ferroelectromagnet, BiFeO3, is reported. Structure analysis indicates that the crystal structure of film is monoclinic in contrast to bulk, which is rhombohedral. The films display a room-temperature spontaneous polarization (50 to 60 microcoulombs per square centimeter) almost an order of magnitude higher than that of the bulk (6.1 microcoulombs per square centimeter). The observed enhancement is corroborated by first-principles calculations and found to originate from a high sensitivity of the polarization to small changes in lattice parameters. The films also exhibit enhanced thickness-dependent magnetism compared with the bulk. These enhanced and combined functional responses in thin film form present an opportunity to create and implement thin film devices that actively couple the magnetic and ferroelectric order parameters.

5,387 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the magnetic ordering of the iron ions in bismuth ferrite BiFeO3 was obtained by a study with a high-resolution time-of-flight neutron diffractometer.
Abstract: New information on the magnetic ordering of the iron ions in bismuth ferrite BiFeO3 was obtained by a study with a high-resolution time-of-flight neutron diffractometer. The observed splitting of magnetic diffraction maxima could be interpreted in terms of a magnetic cycloidal spiral with a long period of 620+or-20 AA, which is unusual for perovskites.

1,478 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: As-prepared, single-crystalline bismuth ferrite nanoparticles show strong size-dependent magnetic properties that correlate with increased suppression of the known spiral spin structure with decreasing nanoparticle size and uncompensated spins and strain anisotropies at the surface.
Abstract: As-prepared, single-crystalline bismuth ferrite nanoparticles show strong size-dependent magnetic properties that correlate with: (a) increased suppression of the known spiral spin structure (period length of ∼62 nm) with decreasing nanoparticle size and (b) uncompensated spins and strain anisotropies at the surface. Zero-field-cooled and field-cooled magnetization curves exhibit spin-glass freezing behavior due to a complex interplay between finite size effects, interparticle interactions, and a random distribution of anisotropy axes in our nanoparticle assemblies.

1,129 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors report on extensive experimental studies on thin film, single crystal, and ceramics of multiferroic bismuth ferrite BiFeO3 using differential thermal analysis, high-temperature polarized light microscopy, hightemperature x-ray diffraction, dc conductivity, optical absorption and reflectivity, and domain imaging.
Abstract: We report on extensive experimental studies on thin film, single crystal, and ceramics of multiferroic bismuth ferrite BiFeO3 using differential thermal analysis, high-temperature polarized light microscopy, high-temperature and polarized Raman spectroscopy, high-temperature x-ray diffraction, dc conductivity, optical absorption and reflectivity, and domain imaging, and show that epitaxial (001) thin films of BiFeO3 are clearly monoclinic at room temperature, in agreement with recent synchrotron studies but in disagreement with all other earlier reported results. We report an orthorhombic order-disorder beta phase between 820 and 925 (±5) °C, and establish the existence range of the cubic gamma phase between 925 (±5) and 933 (±5) °C, contrary to all recent reports. We also report the refined Bi2O3-Fe2O3 phase diagram. The phase transition sequence rhombohedral-orthorhombic-cubic in bulk [monoclinic-orthorhombic-cubic in (001)BiFeO3 thin film] differs distinctly from that of BaTiO3. The transition to the cubic gamma phase causes an abrupt collapse of the band gap toward zero (insulator-metal transition) at the orthorhombic-cubic beta-gamma transition around 930 °C. Our band structure models, high-temperature dc resistivity, and light absorption and reflectivity measurements are consistent with this metal-insulator transition.

561 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202387
2022197
2021139
2020166
2019165
2018158