Topic

# Boolean expression

About: Boolean expression is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 4172 publications have been published within this topic receiving 87036 citations.

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TL;DR: The OBDD data structure is described and a number of applications that have been solved by OBDd-based symbolic analysis are surveyed.

Abstract: Ordered Binary-Decision Diagrams (OBDDs) represent Boolean functions as directed acyclic graphs. They form a canonical representation, making testing of functional properties such as satisfiability and equivalence straightforward. A number of operations on Boolean functions can be implemented as graph algorithms on OBDD data structures. Using OBDDs, a wide variety of problems can be solved through symbolic analysis. First, the possible variations in system parameters and operating conditions are encoded with Boolean variables. Then the system is evaluated for all variations by a sequence of OBDD operations. Researchers have thus solved a number of problems in digital-system design, finite-state system analysis, artificial intelligence, and mathematical logic. This paper describes the OBDD data structure and surveys a number of applications that have been solved by OBDD-based symbolic analysis.

2,128 citations

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TL;DR: This work presents one such algorithm that learns disjunctive Boolean functions, along with variants for learning other classes of Boolean functions.

Abstract: Valiant (1984) and others have studied the problem of learning various classes of Boolean functions from examples. Here we discuss incremental learning of these functions. We consider a setting in which the learner responds to each example according to a current hypothesis. Then the learner updates the hypothesis, if necessary, based on the correct classification of the example. One natural measure of the quality of learning in this setting is the number of mistakes the learner makes. For suitable classes of functions, learning algorithms are available that make a bounded number of mistakes, with the bound independent of the number of examples seen by the learner. We present one such algorithm that learns disjunctive Boolean functions, along with variants for learning other classes of Boolean functions. The basic method can be expressed as a linear-threshold algorithm. A primary advantage of this algorithm is that the number of mistakes grows only logarithmically with the number of irrelevant attributes in the examples. At the same time, the algorithm is computationally efficient in both time and space.

1,664 citations

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TL;DR: This chapter discusses Circuits and other Non-Uniform Computation Methods vs. Turing Machines and other Uniform Computation Models, and the Design of Efficient Circuits for Some Fundamental Functions.

Abstract: Introduction to the Theory of Boolean Functions and Circuits. The Minimimization of Boolean Functions. The Design of Efficient Circuits for Some Fundamental Functions. Asymptotic Results and Universal Circuits. Lower Bounds on Circuit Complexity. Monotone Circuits. Relations between Circuit Size, Formula Size and Depth. Formula Size. Circuits and other Non-Uniform Computation Methods vs. Turing Machines and other Uniform Computation Models. Hierarchies, Mass Production, and Reductions. Bounded-Depth Circuits. Synchronous, Planar, and Probabilistic Circuits. PRAMs and WRAMs: Parallel Random Access Machines. Branching Programs. References. Index.

1,118 citations

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TL;DR: A systematic procedure is presented for writing a Boolean function as a minimum sum of products and specific attention is given to terms which can be included in the function solely for the designer's convenience.

Abstract: A systematic procedure is presented for writing a Boolean function as a minimum sum of products This procedure is a simplification and extension of the method presented by W V Quine Specific attention is given to terms which can be included in the function solely for the designer's convenience

1,063 citations

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TL;DR: A class of optimization algorithms that can deal with the proliferation of metastable states are introduced; one such algorithm has been tested successfully on the largest existing benchmark of K-satisfiability.

Abstract: We study the satisfiability of random Boolean expressions built from many clauses with K variables per clause (K-satisfiability). Expressions with a ratio alpha of clauses to variables less than a threshold alphac are almost always satisfiable, whereas those with a ratio above this threshold are almost always unsatisfiable. We show the existence of an intermediate phase below alphac, where the proliferation of metastable states is responsible for the onset of complexity in search algorithms. We introduce a class of optimization algorithms that can deal with these metastable states; one such algorithm has been tested successfully on the largest existing benchmark of K-satisfiability.

996 citations