Topic

# Boson

About: Boson is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 22719 publications have been published within this topic receiving 511267 citations.

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TL;DR: An exact stochastic simulation of the Schroedinger equation for charged Bosons and Fermions was used to calculate the correlation energies, to locate the transitions to their respective crystal phases at zero temperature within 10%, and to establish the stability at intermediate densities of a ferromagnetic fluid of electrons.

Abstract: An exact stochastic simulation of the Schroedinger equation for charged Bosons and Fermions was used to calculate the correlation energies, to locate the transitions to their respective crystal phases at zero temperature within 10%, and to establish the stability at intermediate densities of a ferromagnetic fluid of electrons.

10,743 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, results from searches for the standard model Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions at 7 and 8 TeV in the CMS experiment at the LHC, using data samples corresponding to integrated luminosities of up to 5.8 standard deviations.

8,857 citations

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01 Jan 1980

TL;DR: In this paper, the Hartree-Fock method pairing correlations and superfluid nuclei was used to restore broken symmetries in the generator coordinate method of the generator-coordinate method.

Abstract: The liquid drop model the shell model rotation and single-particle motion nuclear forces the Hartree-Fock method pairing correlations and superfluid nuclei the generalized single-particle model (HFB theory) harmonic vibrations boson expansion methods the generator coordinate method restoration of broken symmetries the time dependent Hartree-Fock method (TDHF) semiclassical methods in nuclear physics. Appendices: angular momentum algebra in the laboratory and the body-fixed system electromagnetic moments and transitions second quantization density matrices theorems concerning product wave functions many-body green's functions.

5,259 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, it was shown that the spin-one quanta of some of the gauge fields acquire mass; the longitudinal degrees of freedom of these particles (which would be absent if their mass were zero) go over into the Goldstone bosons when the coupling tends to zero.

Abstract: In a recent note' it was shown that the Goldstone theorem, ' that Lorentz-covaria. nt field theories in which spontaneous breakdown of symmetry under an internal Lie group occurs contain zero-mass particles, fails if and only if the conserved currents associated with the internal group are coupled to gauge fields. The purpose of the present note is to report that, as a consequence of this coupling, the spin-one quanta of some of the gauge fields acquire mass; the longitudinal degrees of freedom of these particles (which would be absent if their mass were zero) go over into the Goldstone bosons when the coupling tends to zero. This phenomenon is just the relativistic analog of the plasmon phenomenon to which Anderson' has drawn attention: that the scalar zero-mass excitations of a superconducting neutral Fermi gas become longitudinal plasmon modes of finite mass when the gas is charged. The simplest theory which exhibits this behavior is a gauge-invariant version of a model used by Goldstone' himself: Two real' scalar fields y„y, and a real vector field A interact through the Lagrangian density

4,437 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, it was pointed out that a global U(1) symmetry, introduced in order to preserve the parity and time-reversal invariance of strong interactions despite the effects of instantons, would lead to a neutral pseudoscalar boson, the "axion", with mass roughly of order 100 keV to 1 MeV.

Abstract: It is pointed out that a global U(1) symmetry, that has been introduced in order to preserve the parity and time-reversal invariance of strong interactions despite the effects of instantons, would lead to a neutral pseudoscalar boson, the "axion," with mass roughly of order 100 keV to 1 MeV. Experimental implications are discussed.

4,138 citations