About: Braced frame is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 2139 publications have been published within this topic receiving 18117 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, the seismic response of three and six story concentrically braced steel frames utilizing buckling-restrained braces is investigated and detailed nonlinear dynamic analyses are performed for specific cases as well as statistically for several suites of ground motions in order to characterize the effect on key response parameters.
Abstract: Some results are highlighted in this paper from a research effort being undertaken to identify ground motion and structural characteristics that control the earthquake response of concentrically braced steel frames and to identify improved design procedures and code provisions. The focus of this paper is on the seismic response of three and six story concentrically braced frames utilizing buckling-restrained braces. A brief discussion is provided regarding the mechanical properties of such braces and the benefits of their use. Results of detailed nonlinear dynamic analyses are then examined for specific cases as well as statistically for several suites of ground motions in order to characterize the effect on key response parameters of various structural configurations and proportions.
TL;DR: In this article, a self-centering energy dissipative (SCED) bracing system was proposed for large axial deformations without structural damage while providing stable energy dissipation capacity and a restoring force.
Abstract: Buildings designed according to modern seismic codes are expected to develop a controlled ductile inelastic response during major earthquakes, implying extensive structural damage after a design level earthquake, along with possibly substantial residual deformations. To address this drawback of traditional yielding systems, a new bracing system that can undergo large axial deformations without structural damage while providing stable energy dissipation capacity and a restoring force has recently been developed. The proposed bracing member exhibits a repeatable flag-shaped hysteretic response with full recentering capabilities, therefore eliminating residual deformations. The mechanics of this new system are first explained, the equations governing its design and response are outlined, and one embodiment of the system, which combines a friction dissipative mechanism and Aramid tensioning elements, is further studied. Results from component tests, full-scale (reduced length) quasi-static axial tests, and quasi-static and dynamic seismic tests on a full-scale frame system are presented. Experimental results confirm the expected self-centering behavior of the self-centering energy dissipative (SCED) bracing system within the target design drift. Results also confirm the validity of the design and behavior equations that were developed. It is concluded that the proposed SCED concept can represent a viable alternative to current braced frame systems because of its attractive self-centering property and because the simplicity of the system allows it to be scaled to any desired strength level.
TL;DR: In this article, a large-scale BRBF with improved connection details was tested at the ATLSS Center, Lehigh University, which demonstrated that a properly detailed BRBF can withstand severe seismic input and maintain its full load-carrying capacity.
Abstract: As buckling-restrained braced frames (BRBFs) have been used increasingly in the United States, the need for knowledge about BRBF behavior has grown. In particular, large-scale experimental evaluations of BRBFs are necessary to demonstrate the seismic performance of the system. Although tests of buckling-restrained braces (BRBs) have demonstrated their ability to withstand significant ductility demands, large-scale BRBF tests have exhibited poor performance at story drifts between 0.02 and 0.025 rad. These tests indicate that the large stiffness of the typical beam-column-brace connection detail leads to large flexural demands that cause undesirable failure modes. As part of a research program composed of numerical and experimental simulations, a large-scale BRBF with improved connection details was tested at the ATLSS Center, Lehigh University. During multiple earthquake simulations, which were conducted using a hybrid pseudodynamic testing method, the test frame sustained story drifts of close to 0.05 rad and BRB maximum ductility demands of over 25 with minimal damage and no stiffness or strength degradation. The testing program demonstrated that a properly detailed BRBF can withstand severe seismic input and maintain its full load-carrying capacity.
TL;DR: Slotted Bolted Connections (SBCs) as discussed by the authors are modified bolted connections designed to dissipate energy through friction during rectilinear tension and compression loading cycles, and they have been shown to be more uniform and simpler to model analytically than that with steel on steel surfaces.
Abstract: Slotted Bolted Connections (SBCs) are modified bolted connections designed to dissipate energy through friction during rectilinear tension and compression loading cycles. Experimental results on two types of SBCs are reported. In one type, friction occurs between clean mill scale steel surfaces; in the other, friction is between clean mill scale steel and brass surfaces. The behavior of connections with brass on steel frictional surfaces is found to be more uniform and simpler to model analytically than that with steel on steel surfaces. These connections maintain essentially constant slip force, and unlike those with steel on steel surfaces, require minimal overstrength of the system in design. The frictional mechanisms giving rise to the observed behavior are explained. As an example of application a one story diagonally braced frame was designed and its behavior determined for four different earthquakes. Experimental results are presented for the fabricated SBC for this frame subjected consecu...
TL;DR: In this paper, the performance of concentrically braced steel frames and moment resisting steel frames during the 1994 Northridge, California, earthquake was examined, and most of the observations made were made during the earthquake.
Abstract: The performance of concentrically braced steel frames and moment resisting steel frames during the January 17, 1994, Northridge, California, earthquake is examined. Most of the observations made du...