About: Brake is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 99086 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 473162 citation(s).
22 Jun 2007
Chad P. Boudreaux1•Institutions (1)
Abstract: A surgical instrument including a firing drive configured to advance a cutting member and/or staple driver within an end effector, and a brake configured to prevent, or at least partially inhibit, the relative movement of the cutting member and/or staple driver. The surgical instrument can further include a firing member operably engaged with the cutting member, for example, a band connected to the firing member, and a reel, where the band can be configured to be wound around the reel. In various embodiments, the brake can be selectively engageable with the reel and/or band to prevent, or limit, the movement of the band. The brake can include a brake surface where relative movement between the band and the brake surface can generate a friction force therebetween which can hold the firing member in position until a sufficient force is applied to the firing member to overcome the friction force.
TL;DR: The most important variable is driver expectation, which affects RTs by a factor of 2.5, and these times are modulated somewhat by other factors, including driver age and gender, cognitive load, and urgency.
Abstract: Human perception-brake reaction time (RT) studies have reported a wide variety of results. By analyzing a large number of data sets, however, it is possible to estimate times under specific conditions. The most important variable is driver expectation, which affects RTs by a factor of 2. When fully aware of the time and location of the brake signal, drivers can detect a signal and move the foot from accelerator to brake pedal in about 0.70 to 0.75 sec. Response to unexpected, but common signals, such as a lead car's brake lights, is about 1.25 sec, whereas RTs for surprise events, such as an object suddenly moving into the driver's path, is roughly 1.5 sec. These times are modulated somewhat by other factors, including driver age and gender, cognitive load, and urgency.
•22 Oct 2004
Abstract: A method and apparatus for braking a motor has a braking circuit that intermittently shorts the windings of the motor to brake the motor. The braking circuit is powered by back EMF generated by the motor when power is disconnected from the motor.
•27 Dec 1983
Abstract: An instantaneous direction changing rotation mechanism in which its driving shaft and driven shaft have coincident central lines, the driving shaft can be controlled for transmission via either a direction changing train of gear with negative train value or casing of gear for driving the driven shaft for rotation in either reverse or normal direction; the intermediate bevel gear of the train of gear has a spindle extending to the exterior of the casing of gear and fixed to a brake block so that the above control can be achieved by engaging or disengaging the brake block with a barke element; a movable ring is surrounding the upper part of the casing of gear so that while the rotation of the movable ring is restricted by the sensor means, there is an angular displacement against the casing of gear for disengaging or engaging the brake element with the brake block.