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Brand equity

About: Brand equity is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 12805 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 439728 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The author presents a conceptual model of brand equity from the perspective of the individual consumer. Customer-based brand equity is defined as the differential effect of brand knowledge on consu...

11,221 citations

01 Jan 1995
Abstract: As industries turn increasingly hostile, it is clear that strong brand-building skills are needed to survive and prosper. In David Aaker's pathbreaking book, MANAGING BRAND EQUITY, managers discovered the value of a brand as a strategic asset and a company's primary source of competitive advantage. Now, in this compelling new work, Aaker uses real brand-building cases from Saturn, General Electric, Kodak, Healthy Choice, McDonald's, and others to demonstrate how strong brands have been created and managed. A common pitfall of brand strategists is to focus on brand attributes. Aaker shows how to break out of the box by considering emotional and self-expressive benefits and by introducing the brand-as-person, brand-as-organisation, and brand-as-symbol perspectives. A second pitfall is to ignore the fact that individual brands are part of a larger system consisting of many intertwined and overlapping brands and subbrands. Aaker shows how to manage the "brand system" to achieve clarity and synergy, to adapt to a changing environment, and to leverage brand assets into new markets and products. As executives in a wide range of industries seek to prevent their products and services from becoming commodities, they are recommitting themselves to brands as a foundation of business strategy. This new work will be essential reading for the battle-ready.

4,981 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The authors examine two aspects of brand loyalty, purchase loyalty and attitudinal loyalty, as linking variables in the chain of effects from brand trust and brand affect to brand performance (market share and relative price). The model includes product-level, category-related controls (hedonic value and utilitarian value) and brand-level controls (brand differentiation and share of voice). The authors compile an aggregate data set for 107 brands from three separate surveys of consumers and brand managers. The results indicate that when the product- and brand-level variables are controlled for, brand trust and brand affect combine to determine purchase loyalty and attitudinal loyalty. Purchase loyalty, in turn, leads to greater market share, and attitudinal loyalty leads to a higher relative price for the brand. The authors discuss the managerial implications of these results.

4,903 citations

01 Jan 1991

3,882 citations

10 Nov 1997
Abstract: Part I: Opening Perspectives Chapter 1 Brands and Brand Management Part II: Identifying and Establishing Brand Positioning and Values Chapter 2 Customer-Based Brand Equity Chapter 3 Brand Positioning Part III: Planning and Implementing Brand Marketing Programs Chapter 4 Choosing Brand Elements to Build Brand Equity Chapter 5 Designing Marketing Programs to Build Brand Equity Chapter 6 Integrating Marketing Communications to Build Brand Equity Chapter 7 Leveraging Secondary Brand Associations to Build Brand Equity Part IV: Measuring and Interpreting Brand Performance Chapter 8 Developing a Brand Equity Measurement and Management System Chapter 9 Measuring Sources of Brand Equity: Capturing Customer Mind-Set Chapter 10 Measuring Outcomes of Brand Equity: Capturing Market Performance Part V: Growing and Sustaining Brand Equity Chapter 11 Designing and Implementing Branding Strategies Chapter 12 Introducing and Naming New Products and Brand Extensions Chapter 13 Managing Brands over Time Chapter 14 Managing Brands over Geographic Boundaries and Market Segments Part VI: Closing Perspectives Chapter 15 Closing Observations

3,610 citations

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