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Burnout

About: Burnout is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 22650 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 640232 citation(s).

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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/JOB.4030020205
Christina Maslach1, Susan E. Jackson1Institutions (1)
Abstract: A scale designed to assess various aspects of the burnout syndrome was administered to a wide range of human services professionals. Three subscales emerged from the data analysis: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. Various psychometric analyses showed that the scale has both high reliability and validity as a measure of burnout.

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Topics: Occupational burnout (65%), Burnout (63%), Emotional exhaustion (58%) ...read more

8,665 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1037/0021-9010.86.3.499
Abstract: The job demands-resources (JD-R) model proposes that working conditions can be categorized into 2 broad categories, job demands and job resources. that are differentially related to specific outcomes. A series of LISREL analyses using self-reports as well as observer ratings of the working conditions provided strong evidence for the JD-R model: Job demands are primarily related to the exhaustion component of burnout, whereas (lack of) job resources are primarily related to disengagement. Highly similar patterns were observed in each of 3 occupational groups: human services, industry, and transport (total N = 374). In addition, results confirmed the 2-factor structure (exhaustion and disengagement) of a new burnout instrument--the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory--and suggested that this structure is essentially invariant across occupational groups.

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Topics: Job demands-resources model (69%), Occupational burnout (66%), Job attitude (65%) ...read more

6,554 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1023/A:1015630930326
Abstract: This study examines the factorial structure of a new instrument to measure engagement, the hypothesized `opposite' of burnout in a sample of university students (N=314) and employees (N=619). In addition, the factorial structure of the Maslach-Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) is assessed and the relationship between engagement and burnout is examined. Simultaneous confirmatory factor analyses in both samples confirmed the original three-factor structure of the MBI-GS (exhaustion, cynicism, and professional efficacy) as well as the hypothesized three-factor structure of engagement (vigor, dedication, and absorption). Contrary to expectations, a model with two higher-order factors – ‘burnout’ and ‘engagement’ – did not show a superior fit to the data. Instead, our analyses revealed an alternative model with two latent factors including: (1) exhaustion and cynicism (‘core of burnout’); (2) all three engagement scales plus efficacy. Both latent factors are negatively related and share between 22% and 38% of their variances in both samples. Despite the fact that slightly different versions of the MBI-GS and the engagement questionnaire had to be used in both samples the results were remarkably similar across samples, which illustrates the robustness of our findings.

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Topics: Burnout (53%), Work engagement (51%)

6,198 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1002/JOB.248
Abstract: This study focuses on burnout and its positive antipode—engagement. A model is tested in which burnout and engagement have different predictors and different possible consequences. Structural equation modeling was used to simultaneously analyze data from four independent occupational samples (total N = 1698). Results confirm the hypothesized model indicating that: (1) burnout and engagement are negatively related, sharing between 10 per cent and 25 per cent of their variances; (2) burnout is mainly predicted by job demands but also by lack of job resources, whereas engagement is exclusively predicted by available job resources; (3) burnout is related to health problems as well as to turnover intention, whereas engagement is related only to the latter; (4) burnout mediates the relationship between job demands and health problems, whereas engagement mediates the relationship between job resources and turnover intention. The fact that burnout and engagement exhibit different patterns of possible causes and consequences implies that different intervention strategies should be used when burnout is to be reduced or engagement is to be enhanced. Copyright © 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Topics: Burnout (64%), Job demands-resources model (62%), Work engagement (57%) ...read more

6,084 Citations


Open accessBook
01 Jan 1996-
Abstract: If you are looking for a book Maslach burnout inventory manual bwrbslk in pdf format then you've come to the right website. We presented the full version of this book in pdf and epub formats. You can read online Maslach burnout inventory manual bwrbslk or download to your computer. In addition to this book, on our site you can read the instructions and other art books online, or download them as well. We want to draw your attention that our site does not store the book itself, but we give link to the site where you can download or read online. So if you need to download Maslach burnout inventory manual bwrbslk then you've come to the right website. We will be happy if you come back to us again.

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Topics: Occupational burnout (53%), Burnout (52%)

4,980 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202239
20212,320
20202,327
20191,924
20181,669
20171,592

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Tait D. Shanafelt

155 papers, 25K citations

Wilmar B. Schaufeli

140 papers, 49.2K citations

Michael P. Leiter

75 papers, 19.6K citations

Renzo Bianchi

69 papers, 1.8K citations

Liselotte N. Dyrbye

61 papers, 9.9K citations

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