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Calcium

About: Calcium is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 78549 publications have been published within this topic receiving 2255854 citations. The topic is also known as: Ca & element 20.


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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Apr 1973-Virology
TL;DR: A new technique for assaying infectivity of adenovirus 5 DNA has been developed and a reproducible relationship between amounts of DNA inoculated per culture and numbers of plaques produced was demonstrated.

9,230 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
28 Jan 1993-Nature
TL;DR: Inositol trisphosphate is a second messenger that controls many cellular processes by generating internal calcium signals through receptors whose molecular and physiological properties closely resemble the calcium-mobilizing ryanodine receptors of muscle.
Abstract: Inositol trisphosphate is a second messenger that controls many cellular processes by generating internal calcium signals. It operates through receptors whose molecular and physiological properties closely resemble the calcium-mobilizing ryanodine receptors of muscle. This family of intracellular calcium channels displays the regenerative process of calcium-induced calcium release responsible for the complex spatiotemporal patterns of calcium waves and oscillations. Such a dynamic signalling pathway controls many cellular processes, including fertilization, cell growth, transformation, secretion, smooth muscle contraction, sensory perception and neuronal signalling.

6,389 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
21 Sep 1989-Nature
TL;DR: The subtlety of calcium regulation by inositol phosphates is emphasized by recent studies that have revealed oscillations in calcium concentration which are perhaps part of a frequency-encoded second-messenger system.
Abstract: Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate is a second messenger which regulates intracellular calcium both by mobilizing calcium from internal stores and, perhaps indirectly, by stimulating calcium entry. In these actions it may function with its phosphorylated metabolite, inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate. The subtlety of calcium regulation by inositol phosphates is emphasized by recent studies that have revealed oscillations in calcium concentration which are perhaps part of a frequency-encoded second-messenger system.

3,834 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Escherichia coli cells of strain K12 and C can be made competent to take up temperate phage DNA without the use of “helper phage”, and is effective for both linear and circular DNA molecules.

2,580 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
03 Nov 1983-Nature
TL;DR: It is reported here that micromolar concentrations of Ins1,4,5P3 release Ca2+ from a nonmitochondrial intracellular Ca2- store in pancreatic acinar cells, and the results strongly suggest that this is the same Ca1+ store that is released by acetylcholine.
Abstract: Activation of receptors for a wide variety of hormones and neurotransmitters leads to an increase in the intracellular level of calcium. Much of this calcium is released from intracellular stores but the link between surface receptors and this internal calcium reservoir is unknown. Hydrolysis of the phosphoinositides, which is another characteristic feature of these receptors, has been implicated in calcium mobilization. The primary lipid substrates for the receptor mechanism seem to be two polyphosphoinositides, phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns4P) and phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns4,5P2), which are rapidly hydrolysed following receptor activation in various cells and tissues. The action of phospholipase C on these polyphosphoinositides results in the rapid formation of the water-soluble products inositol 1,4-bisphosphate (Ins1,4P2) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins1,4,5P3). In the insect salivary gland, where changes in Ins1,4P2 and Ins1,4,5P2 have been studied at early time periods, increases in these inositol phosphates are sufficiently rapid to suggest that they might mobilize internal calcium. We report here that micromolar concentrations of Ins1,4,5P3 release Ca2+ from a nonmitochondrial intracellular Ca2+ store in pancreatic acinar cells. Our results strongly suggest that this is the same Ca2+ store that is released by acetylcholine.

2,434 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20251
20243
20231,990
20223,982
20211,048
20201,316