About: Calcium oxide is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 7600 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 66104 citation(s). The topic is also known as: caustic lime & quicklime.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jul 1996-Engineering Geology
TL;DR: In this paper, three of the most frequently occurring minerals in clay deposits, namely, kaolinite, montmorillonite and quartz, were subjected to a series of tests.
Abstract: Clay soil can be stabilized by the addition of small percentages, by weight, of lime, thereby enhancing many of the engineering properties of the soil and producing an improved construction material. In order to illustrate such improvements, three of the most frequently occurring minerals in clay deposits, namely, kaolinite, montmorillonite and quartz were subjected to a series of tests. As lime stabilization is most often used in relation to road construction, the tests were chosen with this in mind. Till and laminated clay were treated in similar fashion. With the addition of lime, the plasticity of montmorillonite was reduced whilst that of kaolinite and quartz was increased somewhat. However, the addition of lime to the till had little influence on its plasticity but a significant reduction occurred in that of the laminated clay. All materials experienced an increase in their optimum moisture content and a decrease in their maximum dry density, as well as enhanced California bearing ratio, on addition of lime. Some notable increases in strength and Young's Modulus occurred in these materials when they were treated with lime. Length of time curing and temperature at which curing took place had an important influence on the amount of strength developed.
TL;DR: In this paper, a CaO sorbent obtained from precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) was used in a reaction-based process for the separation of carbon dioxide (CO2) from flue gas.
Abstract: This study is focused on improving the reactivity of a CaO sorbent for its use in a reaction-based process for the separation of carbon dioxide (CO2) from flue gas. The separation process consists of cyclical carbonation (of a metal oxide) and calcination (of the metal carbonate formed) reactions to yield concentrated CO2 from flue gas. CaO sorbents synthesized from naturally occurring limestone and dolomite were microporous in nature. Pore filling and pore pluggage of these micropores limited the conversion of CaO in the carbonation reaction to about 45−50% of the stoichiometric limit. A wet precipitation process was tailored to synthesize high-surface-area precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC). The pores of PCC predominantly lie in the mesoporous range (5−20 nm). The CaO sorbent obtained from PCC (PCC-CaO) was less susceptible to pore pluggage and attained over 90% conversion. PCC-CaO was also capable of maintaining its high reactivity (>90%) over two carbonation−calcination cycles.
01 Oct 2004-Environmental Pollution
TL;DR: The conclusions were that whilst Fe-oxides may be used as effective in situ amendments to attenuate As in soils, their effects on other trace elements, such as Pb and Cd, require careful consideration.
Abstract: Several iron-bearing additives were evaluated for their effectiveness in the attenuation of arsenic (As) in various contaminated soils. These were selected for their known or potential ability to adsorb As anions, thus changing the speciation of As in a soil system. Three soils with different sources of As contamination were investigated (canal dredgings, coal fly ash deposits, and low-level alkali waste). The amendments used were goethite (α-FeOOH), iron grit, iron (II) and (III) sulphates (plus lime), and lime, applied to the soils at a rate of 1% w/w. A series of leachate extraction tests (UKEA, ASTM and modified Dutch column leaching test) were conducted on the equilibrated amended soils. These were used to firstly evaluate the potential of the amendments as immobilising agents, and secondly to compare the short- and long-term durability of their effects. Column tests demonstrated the efficiency of iron oxides over the longer time scale; these treatments significantly reduced concentrations of arsenic in leachates from all treated soils. Amended soils were also observed to contain higher levels of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) in their leachates, signifying that certain Fe-oxides potentially increased heavy metal mobility in treated soils. The conclusions were that whilst Fe-oxides may be used as effective in situ amendments to attenuate As in soils, their effects on other trace elements, such as Pb and Cd, require careful consideration.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors found abundant thaumasite, a complex calcium-silicate-hydroxide-sulfate-carbonate-hyd rate mineral, forming a solid solution series with ettringite.
Abstract: Expansive reactions between lime and sulfate-bearing clay soils have attracted little attention until relatively recently. Lime treatment of Stewart Avenue in Las Vegas, Nevada, had induced heave in excess of 12 in. Heaved areas are found to contain abundant thaumasite, a complex calcium-silicate-hydroxide-sulfate-carbonate-hyd rate mineral. Thaumasite forms a solid solution series with ettringite, a calcium-aluminum-hydroxide-sulfate-hy drate mineral. In the presence of aluminum, ettringite forms first and is replaced by thaumasite only at temperatures below 15°C. The mechanism of heave is a complex function of available water, the percentage of soil clay, and ion mobility. Only the long-term possolanic chemistry of normal lime-soil reactions is disrupted. Cation exchange, agglomeration, and carbonation are unaffected. With the present state of knowledge, lime-induced heave is difficult to predict for all but most obvious conditions.
TL;DR: The critical thickness of the product layer of CaCO3 has been measured in this work on real sorbent materials, using different limestone precursors and submitting them to many repeated carbonation calcination cycles (up to 100) Mercury porosimetry curves of the calcines and their carbonated counterparts have been obtained and their differences interpreted with a simple pore model, from which the thickness of a product layer is derived as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Calcium oxide can be an effective CO2 sorbent at high temperatures When coupled with a calcination step to produce pure CO2, the carbonation reaction is the basis for several high-temperature separation systems of CO2 The formation of a product layer of CaCO3 is known to mark a sudden change in the reaction regime, from a very fast CO2 uptake to very slow carbonation rates The critical thickness of this product layer of CaCO3 has been measured in this work on real sorbent materials, using different limestone precursors and submitting them to many repeated carbonation calcination cycles (up to 100) Mercury porosimetry curves of the calcines and their carbonated counterparts have been obtained and their differences interpreted with a simple pore model, from which the thickness of the product layer is derived An average value of 49 nm (±19% standard deviation) has been obtained, which is quite insensitive to the type of limestone and to the texture of the calcine as long as the model is fulfilled The i
Related Topics (5)
226.4K papers, 5.9M citations
213.4K papers, 3.6M citations
67K papers, 2.1M citations
148.6K papers, 2.2M citations
129.8K papers, 2.7M citations