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About: Capacitor is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 166698 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1422762 citation(s). The topic is also known as: condenser & condensator. more


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/NMAT2297
Patrice Simon1, Patrice Simon2, Yury Gogotsi3Institutions (3)
01 Nov 2008-Nature Materials
Abstract: Electrochemical capacitors, also called supercapacitors, store energy using either ion adsorption (electrochemical double layer capacitors) or fast surface redox reactions (pseudo-capacitors). They can complement or replace batteries in electrical energy storage and harvesting applications, when high power delivery or uptake is needed. A notable improvement in performance has been achieved through recent advances in understanding charge storage mechanisms and the development of advanced nanostructured materials. The discovery that ion desolvation occurs in pores smaller than the solvated ions has led to higher capacitance for electrochemical double layer capacitors using carbon electrodes with subnanometre pores, and opened the door to designing high-energy density devices using a variety of electrolytes. Combination of pseudo-capacitive nanomaterials, including oxides, nitrides and polymers, with the latest generation of nanostructured lithium electrodes has brought the energy density of electrochemical capacitors closer to that of batteries. The use of carbon nanotubes has further advanced micro-electrochemical capacitors, enabling flexible and adaptable devices to be made. Mathematical modelling and simulation will be the key to success in designing tomorrow's high-energy and high-power devices. more

Topics: Supercapacitor (66%), Capacitor (58%), Pseudocapacitance (55%) more

12,902 Citations

Open accessBook
14 Feb 2013-
Abstract: 1 Introduction and Historical Perspective 2 Similarities and Differences between Supercapacitors and Batteries for Electrical Energy Storage 3 Energetics and Elements of Kinetics of Electrode Processes 4 Elements of Electrostatics Involved in Treatment of Double-Layers and Ions at Capacitors Electrode Interfaces 5 Behavior of Dielectrics in Capacitors and Theories of Dielectric Polarization 6 The Double-Layer at Capacitor Electrode Interfaces: Its Structure and Capacitance 7 Theoretical Treatment and Modeling of the Double-Layer at Electrode Interfaces 8 Behavior of the Double-Layer in Non-Aqueous Electrolytes and Non-Aqueous Electrolyte Capacitors 9 The Double-Layer and Surface Functionalities at Carbon 10 Electrochemical Capacitors Based on Pseudocapacitance 11 The Electrochemical Behavior of Ruthenium Oxide (RuO2) as a Material for Electrochemical Capacitors 12 Capacitance Behavior of Films Conducting, Electrochemically Reactive Polymers 13 The Electrolyte Factor in Supercapacitor Design and Performance: Conductivity, Ion-Pairing and Solvation 14 Electrochemical Behavior at Porous Electrodes Applications to Capacitors 15 Energy-Density and Power-Density of Electrical Energy Storage Devices 16 AC Impedance Behavior of Electrochemical Capacitors and Other Electrochemical Systems 17 Treatments of Impedance Behavior of Various Circuits and Modeling of Double-Layer Capacitor Frequency Response 18 Self-Discharge of Electrochemical Capacitors in Relation to that of at Batteries 19 Technology Development 20 Patent Survey more

Topics: Supercapacitor (67%), Electrolytic capacitor (66%), Capacitor (64%) more

4,798 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0013-4686(00)00354-6
Rüdiger Kötz1, M. CarlenInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Electrochemical capacitors (EC) also called ‘supercapacitors’ or ‘ultracapacitors’ store the energy in the electric field of the electrochemical double-layer. Use of high surface-area electrodes result in extremely large capacitance. Single cell voltage of ECs is typically limited to 1–3 V depending on the electrolyte used. Small electrochemical capacitors for low-voltage electronic applications have been commercially available for many years. Different applications demanding large ECs with high voltage and improved energy and power density are under discussion. Fundamental principles, performance, characteristics, present and future applications of electrochemical capacitors are presented in this communication. more

Topics: Supercapacitor (61%), Filter capacitor (61%), Film capacitor (61%) more

4,029 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1158736
John R. Miller1, Patrice Simon2Institutions (2)
01 Aug 2008-Science
Abstract: Rapid storage and efficient delivery of electrical energy in heavy-duty applications are being enabled by electrochemical capacitors. more

Topics: Capacitor (59%), Energy management (51%)

3,767 Citations

Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1126/SCIENCE.1216744
16 Mar 2012-Science
Abstract: Although electrochemical capacitors (ECs), also known as supercapacitors or ultracapacitors, charge and discharge faster than batteries, they are still limited by low energy densities and slow rate capabilities. We used a standard LightScribe DVD optical drive to do the direct laser reduction of graphite oxide films to graphene. The produced films are mechanically robust, show high electrical conductivity (1738 siemens per meter) and specific surface area (1520 square meters per gram), and can thus be used directly as EC electrodes without the need for binders or current collectors, as is the case for conventional ECs. Devices made with these electrodes exhibit ultrahigh energy density values in different electrolytes while maintaining the high power density and excellent cycle stability of ECs. Moreover, these ECs maintain excellent electrochemical attributes under high mechanical stress and thus hold promise for high-power, flexible electronics. more

Topics: Supercapacitor (58%), Capacitor (53%), Flexible electronics (52%) more

3,237 Citations

No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Frede Blaabjerg

166 papers, 6.5K citations

Kamal Al-Haddad

71 papers, 1.6K citations

Huai Wang

59 papers, 1.5K citations

Ebrahim Babaei

52 papers, 1.8K citations

Winai Jaikla

49 papers, 597 citations

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