About: Carotene is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 2544 publications have been published within this topic receiving 64914 citations. The topic is also known as: carotenes.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: After an average of four years of supplementation, the combination of beta carotene and vitamin A had no benefit and may have had an adverse effect on the incidence of lung cancer and on the risk of death from lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, and any cause in smokers and workers exposed to asbestos.
Abstract: Background Lung cancer and cardiovascular disease are major causes of death in the United States. It has been proposed that carotenoids and retinoids are agents that may prevent these disorders. Methods We conducted a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled primary prevention trial — the Beta-Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial — involving a total of 18,314 smokers, former smokers, and workers exposed to asbestos. The effects of a combination of 30 mg of beta carotene per day and 25,000 IU of retinol (vitamin A) in the form of retinyl palmitate per day on the primary end point, the incidence of lung cancer, were compared with those of placebo. Results A total of 388 new cases of lung cancer were diagnosed during the 73,135 person-years of follow-up (mean length of follow-up, 4.0 years). The active-treatment group had a relative risk of lung cancer of 1.28 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.04 to 1.57; P = 0.02), as compared with the placebo group. There were no statistically significant ...
TL;DR: The results show that the relative abilities of the carotenoids to scavenge the ABTS·+ radical cation are influenced by the presence of functional groups with increasing polarities, such as carbonyl and hydroxyl groups, in the terminal rings, as well as by the number of conjugated double bonds.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the relative antioxidant activities of a range of carotenes and xanthophylls through the extent of their abilities to scavenge the ABTS·+ radical cation. The results show that the relative abilities of the carotenoids to scavenge the ABTS·+ radical cation are influenced by the presence of functional groups with increasing polarities, such as carbonyl and hydroxyl groups, in the terminal rings, as well as by the number of conjugated double bonds.
TL;DR: In this article, a procedure for rapid evaluation of antioxidants was described for dilute aqueous emulsions of an antioxidant, carotene and lipid were prepared in spectrometer tubes.
Abstract: A procedure is described for rapid evaluation of antioxidants. Dilute aqueous emulsions of an antioxidant, carotene and lipid were prepared in spectrometer tubes. The oxidative destruction of carotene in the emulsion was observed directly with a colorimeter. The antioxidants were then evaluated according to their effect on the rate of carotene decolorization.
TL;DR: In this paper, the antioxidant properties of three Portuguese wild edible mushroom species, Leucopaxillus giganteus, Sarcodon imbricatus, and Agaricus arvensis, were evaluated.
Abstract: The antioxidant activities of three Portuguese wild edible mushroom species, Leucopaxillus giganteus, Sarcodon imbricatus, and Agaricus arvensis , were evaluated. Methanolic extracts were screened for their reducing power, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging capacity, inhibition of erythrocytes hemolysis and antioxidant activity using the β-carotene linoleate model system. The amounts of ascorbic acid, β-carotene and lycopene found in the mushroom extracts were very low. Otherwise, the high contents of phenolic compounds might account for the good antioxidant properties found in all species. L. giganteus had the highest content of phenols and proved to be the most active, presenting lower EC 50 values in all the antioxidant activity assays.
TL;DR: The usefulness of the in vitro digestion process as a rapid and cost-effective model for screening the bioavailability of carotenoids from meals is supported.
Abstract: The objective of this study was to develop a model for assessing the bioavailability of carotenoids from meals using an in vitro digestion procedure. A meal was prepared using baby food carrots, spinach, and a meat, plus tomato paste. The aqueous fraction was isolated from digesta to determine the quantity of carotenoids transferred from the food to micelles. The micellarization of lutein (25-40%) exceeded (p < 0.01) that of alpha- and beta-carotene (12-18%) and lycopene (<0.5%). Micellarization of carotenoids was not affected by elimination of the gastric phase of the digestive process. The absence of bile extract prevented the transfer of carotenoids from foods to micelles, whereas omission of pancreatin only reduced the micellarization of the carotenes. Differentiated cultures of Caco-2 human intestinal cells accumulated 28-46% of micellarized carotenoids from the medium after 6 h. These results support the usefulness of the in vitro digestion process as a rapid and cost-effective model for screening the bioavailability of carotenoids from meals.
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