Topic

# Carreau fluid

About: Carreau fluid is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 777 publications have been published within this topic receiving 14523 citations.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

More filters

••

TL;DR: In this article, a general relationship between impeller speed and the shear rate of a non-Newtonian fluid has been developed, and the resulting relationship was then used to interpret and correlate power-consumption data on three non-newtonian fluids by use of a generalized form of the conventional power-number-Reynoldsnumber plot for Newtonians.

Abstract: Since the shear rate of a non-Newtonian fluid is of importance in fixing the rheological or viscometric behavior of such a material, the present study has been concerned with the development of a general relationship between impeller speed and the shear rate of the fluid. The resulting relationship was then used to interpret and correlate power-consumption data on three non-Newtonian fluids by use of a generalized form of the conventional power-number–Reynolds-number plot for Newtonians.
Flat-bladed turbines from 2 to 8 in. in diameter were used exclusively. Tank diameters ranged from 6 to 22 in. and power inputs from 0.5 to 176 hp./1,000 gal. The study encompassed a 130-fold range of Reynolds numbers in the laminar and transition regions. The results to date indicate that power requirements for the rapid mixing of non-Newtonian fluids are much greater than for comparable Newtonian materials.

905 citations

•

01 Jan 1974698 citations

••

TL;DR: This work considers the simplest model of propulsion and transport in a complex fluid, a waving sheet of small amplitude free to move in a polymeric fluid with a single relaxation time, and shows that, compared to self-propulsion in a Newtonian fluid occurring at a velocity UN, the sheet swims or transports fluid with velocity U∕UN.

Abstract: Flagella beating in complex fluids are significantly influenced by viscoelastic stresses. Relevant examples include the ciliary transport of respiratory airway mucus and the motion of spermatozoa in the mucus-filled female reproductive tract. We consider the simplest model of such propulsion and transport in a complex fluid, a waving sheet of small amplitude free to move in a polymeric fluid with a single relaxation time. We show that, compared to self-propulsion in a Newtonian fluid occurring at a velocity UN, the sheet swims (or transports fluid) with velocity U∕UN=(1+De2ηs∕η)∕(1+De2), where ηs is the viscosity of the Newtonian solvent, η is the zero-shear-rate viscosity of the polymeric fluid, and De is the Deborah number for the wave motion, product of the wave frequency by the fluid relaxation time. Similar expressions are derived for the rate of work of the sheet and the mechanical efficiency of the motion. These results are shown to be independent of the particular nonlinear constitutive equations ...

329 citations

••

TL;DR: In this article, the analytical solution to the equation of motion is given for the steady laminar flow of a uniformly conducting incompressible non-Newtonian fluid between two parallel planes.

Abstract: The analytical solution to the equation of motion is given for the steady laminar flow of a uniformly conducting incompressible non-Newtonian fluid between two parallel planes. The fluid is under the influence of a constant pressure gradient and is subjected to a steady magnetic field perpendicular to the direction of motion. Two non-Newtonian models are considered: the Bingham plastic model and the power-law model. Flow rates and the velocity profiles for various values of the Hartmann number and the generalized Hartmann number are presented and compared with those corresponding to Newtonian fluids.

237 citations