About: Cellulose triacetate is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 1827 publications have been published within this topic receiving 25200 citations. The topic is also known as: 2,3,6-tri-O-acetylcellulose.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the authors compared the fouling behavior of cellulose acetate and aromatic polyamide thin-film composite reverse osmosis (RO) membranes at identical initial permeation rates.
Abstract: Laboratory-scale colloidal fouling tests, comparing the fouling behavior of cellulose acetate and aromatic polyamide thin-film composite reverse osmosis (RO) membranes, are reported. Fouling of both membranes was studied at identical initial permeation rates so that the effect of the transverse hydrodynamic force (permeation drag) on the fouling of both membranes is comparable. Results showed a significantly higher fouling rate for the thin-film composite membranes compared to that for the cellulose acetate membranes. Addition of an anionic surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS) to mask variations in chemical and electrokinetic surface characteristics of the cellulose acetate and aromatic polyamide membranes resulted in only a small change in the fouling behavior. The higher fouling rate for the thin-film composite membranes is attributed to surface roughness which is inherent in interfacially polymerized aromatic polyamide composite membranes. AFM and SEM images of the two membrane surfaces strongly support this conclusion. These surface images reveal that the thin-film composite membrane exhibits large-scale surface roughness of ridge-and-valley structure, while the cellulose acetate membrane surface is relatively smooth.
TL;DR: The results of this work demonstrate that cellulose acetate fibers and films are potentially biodegradable and that the rate of biodegradation is highly dependent on the degree of substitution.
Abstract: Two separate assay systems were used to evaluate the biodegradation potential of cellulose acetate: an in vitro enrichment cultivation technique (closed batch system), and a system in which cellulose diacetate (CDA) films were suspended in a wastewater treatment system (open continuous feed system). The in vitro assay employed a stable enrichment culture, which was initiated by inoculating a basal salts medium containing cellulose acetate with 5% (v/v) activated sludge. Microscopic examination revealed extensive degradation of CDA (DS = 2.5) fibers after 2–3 weeks of incubation. Characterization of the CA fibers recovered from inoculated flasks demonstrated a lower average degree of substitution and a change in the mol wt profiles. In vitro enrichments with CDA (DS = 1.7) films were able to degrade > 80% of the films in 4–5 days. Cellulose acetate (DS = 2.5) films required 10–12 days for extensive degradation. Films prepared from cellulose triacetate remained essentially unchanged after 28 days in the in vitro assay. The wastewater treatment assay was less active than the in vitro enrichment system. For example, approximately 27 days were required for 70% degradation of CDA (DS = 1.7) films to occur while CDA (DS = 2.5) films required approximately 10 weeks before significant degradation was obtained. Supporting evidence for the biodegradation potential of cellulose acetate was obtained through the conversion of cellulose [1-14C]-acetate to 14CO2 in the in vitro assay. The results of this work demonstrate that cellulose acetate fibers and films are potentially biodegradable and that the rate of biodegradation is highly dependent on the degree of substitution. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
22 Feb 1979
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a system for the controlled release of drugs to animals, especially to ruminants, over prolonged periods of time, in an aqueous liquid-containing environment.
Abstract: Delivery systems and devices for the controlled release of chemicals, including drugs, comprising a wall, formed in part at least, of a porous fabric material, pores of which contain a hydrogel, said porous wall in contact with at least a portion of a reservoir comprised of a chemical and, if desired, a water-soluble liquid excipient and/or a detergent; process for preparation thereof, and use for the controlled release of chemicals, including drugs, to an aqueous liquid-containing environment. Emphasis is given to said systems and devices in which the porous fabric material is a synthetic fabric and gelled cellulose triacetate is the hydrogel, and to their use for controlled release of drugs to animals, especially to ruminants, over prolonged periods of time.
TL;DR: In this paper, various polysaccharide derivatives, particularly cellulose derivatives, were synthesized and used as chiral stationary phases for optical resolution by HPLC after being adsorbed on macroporous silica gel.
Abstract: Various polysaccharide derivatives, particularly cellulose derivatives, were synthesized and used as chiral stationary phases for optical resolution by HPLC after being adsorbed on macroporous silica gel. Cellulose triacetate (CTA-II), which was synthesized under homogeneous conditions, showed a chiral recognition ability for many racemates. Other cellulose derivatives such as cellulose tribenzoate (OB), cellulose-trisphenylcarbamate (OC), cellulose tribenzyl ether (OE), and cellulose tricinnamate (OK) also showed unique chiral recognition. Among other polysaccharide derivatives, curdlan triacetate was also exhibited an effective chiral recognition.
TL;DR: In this article, switchable polarity solvents (SPS), mixtures of carbon dioxide, water, and tertiary amines, are presented as viable forward osmosis (FO) draw solutes allowing a novel SPS FO process.
Abstract: Switchable polarity solvents (SPS), mixtures of carbon dioxide, water, and tertiary amines, are presented as viable forward osmosis (FO) draw solutes allowing a novel SPS FO process. In this study substantial osmotic strengths of SPS are measured with freezing point osmometry and were demonstrated to induce competitive fluxes at high salt concentrations on a laboratory-scale FO unit utilizing a flat sheet cellulose triacetate (CTA) membrane. Under the experimental conditions the SPS degrades the CTA membrane; however experiments with polyamide reverse osmosis (RO) membranes display stability towards SPS. Once the draw is diluted the major fraction of the switchable polarity solvent can be mechanically separated from the purified water after polar to nonpolar phase shift induced by introduction of 1 atm carbon dioxide to 1 atm of air or nitrogen with mild heating. Trace amounts of SPS can be removed from the separated water with RO in a process that avoids solution concentration polarization. The separated nonpolar phase can be regenerated to a full strength draw and recycled with the re-addition of 1 atm of carbon dioxide.