About: Chemical bond is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 12687 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 455299 citation(s).
01 Jan 1939-
01 Sep 1988-Chemical Reviews
01 Jun 1977-
Abstract: Localized Chemical bonding Delocalized Chemical Bonding Bonding Weaker than Covalent Stereochemistry Carbocations, Carbanions, Free Radicals, Carbenes and Nitrenes Mechanisms and Methods of Determining Them Photochemistry Acids and Bases Effects of Structure on Reactivity Aliphatic Nucleophilic Substitution Aromatic Electrophilic Substitution Aliphatic Electrophilic Substitution Free-Radical Substitution Addition to Carbon-Carbon Multiple Bonds Addition to Carbon- Hetero Multiple Bonds Eliminations Rearrangements Oxidations and Reductions The Literature of Organic Chemistry Classifications of Reactions by Type of Compound Synthesized.
Topics: Electrophilic substitution (70%), Substitution reaction (69%), Electrophilic addition (62%) ...read more
Thomas Steiner1•Institutions (1)
04 Jan 2002-Angewandte Chemie
Abstract: The hydrogen bond is the most important of all directional intermolecular interactions. It is operative in determining molecular conformation, molecular aggregation, and the function of a vast number of chemical systems ranging from inorganic to biological. Research into hydrogen bonds experienced a stagnant period in the 1980s, but re-opened around 1990, and has been in rapid development since then. In terms of modern concepts, the hydrogen bond is understood as a very broad phenomenon, and it is accepted that there are open borders to other effects. There are dozens of different types of X-H.A hydrogen bonds that occur commonly in the condensed phases, and in addition there are innumerable less common ones. Dissociation energies span more than two orders of magnitude (about 0.2-40 kcal mol(-1)). Within this range, the nature of the interaction is not constant, but its electrostatic, covalent, and dispersion contributions vary in their relative weights. The hydrogen bond has broad transition regions that merge continuously with the covalent bond, the van der Waals interaction, the ionic interaction, and also the cation-pi interaction. All hydrogen bonds can be considered as incipient proton transfer reactions, and for strong hydrogen bonds, this reaction can be in a very advanced state. In this review, a coherent survey is given on all these matters.
31 May 2001-
Abstract: 1. Introduction 2. Archetypes of the weak hydrogen bond 3. Other weak and non-conventional hydrogen bonds 4. The weak hydrogen bond in supramolecular chemistry 5. The weak hydrogen bond in biological structures 6. Conclusions Appendix
Topics: Resonance-assisted hydrogen bond (77%), Low-barrier hydrogen bond (69%), Single bond (62%) ...read more