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Chemisorption

About: Chemisorption is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 16298 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 554989 citation(s).

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Open accessBook
01 Jan 1960-
Abstract: Capillarity. The Nature and Thermodynamics of Liquid Interfaces. Surface Films on Liquid Substrates. Electrical Aspects of Surface Chemistry. Long--Range Forces. Surfaces of Solids. Surfaces of Solids: Microscopy and Spectroscopy. The Formation of a New Phase--Nucleation and Crystal Growth. The Solid--Liquid Interface--Contact Angle. The Solid--Liquid Interface--Adsorption from Solution. Frication, Lubrication, and Adhesion. Wetting, Flotation, and Detergency. Emulsions, Foams, and Aerosols. Macromolecular Surface Films, Charged Films, and Langmuir--Blodgett Layers. The Solid--Gas Interface--General Considerations. Adsorption of Gases and Vapors on Solids. Chemisorption and Catalysis. Index.

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Topics: Wetting (57%), Adsorption (54%), Chemisorption (52%)

10,786 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1016/S0167-5729(02)00100-0
Ulrike Diebold1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Titanium dioxide is the most investigated single-crystalline system in the surface science of metal oxides, and the literature on rutile (1 1 0), (1 0 0), (0 0 1), and anatase surfaces is reviewed This paper starts with a summary of the wide variety of technical fields where TiO 2 is of importance The bulk structure and bulk defects (as far as relevant to the surface properties) are briefly reviewed Rules to predict stable oxide surfaces are exemplified on rutile (1 1 0) The surface structure of rutile (1 1 0) is discussed in some detail Theoretically predicted and experimentally determined relaxations of surface geometries are compared, and defects (step edge orientations, point and line defects, impurities, surface manifestations of crystallographic shear planes—CSPs) are discussed, as well as the image contrast in scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) The controversy about the correct model for the (1×2) reconstruction appears to be settled Different surface preparation methods, such as reoxidation of reduced crystals, can cause a drastic effect on surface geometries and morphology, and recommendations for preparing different TiO 2 (1 1 0) surfaces are given The structure of the TiO 2 (1 0 0)-(1×1) surface is discussed and the proposed models for the (1×3) reconstruction are critically reviewed Very recent results on anatase (1 0 0) and (1 0 1) surfaces are included The electronic structure of stoichiometric TiO 2 surfaces is now well understood Surface defects can be detected with a variety of surface spectroscopies The vibrational structure is dominated by strong Fuchs–Kliewer phonons, and high-resolution electron energy loss spectra often need to be deconvoluted in order to render useful information about adsorbed molecules The growth of metals (Li, Na, K, Cs, Ca, Al, Ti, V, Nb, Cr, Mo, Mn, Fe, Co, Rh, Ir, Ni, Pd, Pt, Cu, Ag, Au) as well as some metal oxides on TiO 2 is reviewed The tendency to ‘wet’ the overlayer, the growth morphology, the epitaxial relationship, and the strength of the interfacial oxidation/reduction reaction all follow clear trends across the periodic table, with the reactivity of the overlayer metal towards oxygen being the most decisive factor Alkali atoms form ordered superstructures at low coverages Recent progress in understanding the surface structure of metals in the ‘strong-metal support interaction’ (SMSI) state is summarized Literature is reviewed on the adsorption and reaction of a wide variety of inorganic molecules (H 2 , O 2 , H 2 O, CO, CO 2 , N 2 , NH 3 , NO x , sulfur- and halogen-containing molecules, rare gases) as well as organic molecules (carboxylic acids, alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, alkynes, pyridine and its derivates, silanes, methyl halides) The application of TiO 2 -based systems in photo-active devices is discussed, and the results on UHV-based photocatalytic studies are summarized The review ends with a brief conclusion and outlook of TiO 2 -based surface science for the future

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Topics: Anatase (58%), Overlayer (56%), Chemisorption (54%) ...read more

6,656 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1103/PHYSREVB.42.9458
Donald W. Brenner1Institutions (1)
15 Nov 1990-Physical Review B
Abstract: An empirical many-body potential-energy expression is developed for hydrocarbons that can model intramolecular chemical bonding in a variety of small hydrocarbon molecules as well as graphite and diamond lattices. The potential function is based on Tersoff's covalent-bonding formalism with additional terms that correct for an inherent overbinding of radicals and that include nonlocal effects. Atomization energies for a wide range of hydrocarbon molecules predicted by the potential compare well to experimental values. The potential correctly predicts that the \ensuremath{\pi}-bonded chain reconstruction is the most stable reconstruction on the diamond {111} surface, and that hydrogen adsorption on a bulk-terminated surface is more stable than the reconstruction. Predicted energetics for the dimer reconstructed diamond {100} surface as well as hydrogen abstraction and chemisorption of small molecules on the diamond {111} surface are also given. The potential function is short ranged and quickly evaluated so it should be very useful for large-scale molecular-dynamics simulations of reacting hydrocarbon molecules.

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Topics: Diamond (62%), Bond order potential (54%), Chemisorption (53%) ...read more

3,449 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1021/LA9502711
Paul Mulvaney1Institutions (1)
07 Feb 1996-Langmuir
Abstract: The use of optical measurements to monitor electrochemical changes on the surface of nanosized metal particles is discussed within the Drude model. The absorption spectrum of a metal sol in water is shown to be strongly affected by cathodic or anodic polarization, chemisorption, metal adatom deposition, and alloying. Anion adsorption leads to strong damping of the free electron absorption. Cathodic polarization leads to anion desorption. Underpotential deposition (upd) of electropositive metal layers results in dramatic blue-shifts of the surface plasmon band of the substrate. The deposition of just 0.1 monolayer can be readily detected by eye. In some cases alloying occurs spontaneously during upd. Alloy formation can be ascertained from the optical absorption spectrum in the case of gold deposition onto silver sols. The underpotential deposition of silver adatoms onto palladium leads to the formation of a homogeneous silver shell, but the mean free path is less than predicted, due to lattice strain in t...

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Topics: Underpotential deposition (66%), Absorption spectroscopy (54%), Surface plasmon (53%) ...read more

3,285 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/376238A0
Bjørk Hammer1, Jens K. Nørskov1Institutions (1)
20 Jul 1995-Nature
Abstract: THE unique role that gold plays in society is to a large extent related to the fact that it is the most noble of all metals: it is the least reactive metal towards atoms or molecules at the interface with a gas or a liquid. The inertness of gold does not reflect a general inability to form chemical bonds, however—gold forms very stable alloys with many other metals. To understand the nobleness of gold, we have studied a simple surface reaction, the dissociation of H2 on the surface of gold and of three other metals (copper, nickel and platinum) that lie close to it in the periodic table. We present self-consistent density-functional calculations of the activation barriers and chemisorption energies which clearly illustrate that nobleness is related to two factors: the degree of filling of the antibonding states on adsorption, and the degree of orbital overlap with the adsorbate. These two factors, which determine both the strength of the adsorbate-metal interaction and the energy barrier for dissociation, operate together to the maxima] detriment of adsorbate binding and subsequent reactivity on gold.

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Topics: Chemisorption (58%), Noble metal (55%), Metal (53%) ...read more

2,175 Citations


Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202237
2021525
2020423
2019458
2018350
2017371

Top Attributes

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Gabor A. Somorjai

83 papers, 5.6K citations

Richard M. Lambert

69 papers, 3K citations

Bruce E. Koel

48 papers, 2K citations

Gerhard Ertl

42 papers, 4.7K citations

David Phillip Woodruff

38 papers, 1K citations

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