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Chromatin remodeling

About: Chromatin remodeling is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 11120 publications have been published within this topic receiving 748376 citations. The topic is also known as: GO:0006338 & chromatin modelling.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
23 Feb 2007-Cell
TL;DR: The surface of nucleosomes is studded with a multiplicity of modifications that can dictate the higher-order chromatin structure in which DNA is packaged and can orchestrate the ordered recruitment of enzyme complexes to manipulate DNA.

10,046 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This review discusses patterns of DNA methylation and chromatin structure in neoplasia and the molecular alterations that might cause them and/or underlie altered gene expression in cancer.
Abstract: Patterns of DNA methylation and chromatin structure are profoundly altered in neoplasia and include genome-wide losses of, and regional gains in, DNA methylation. The recent explosion in our knowledge of how chromatin organization modulates gene transcription has further highlighted the importance of epigenetic mechanisms in the initiation and progression of human cancer. These epigenetic changes -- in particular, aberrant promoter hypermethylation that is associated with inappropriate gene silencing -- affect virtually every step in tumour progression. In this review, we discuss these epigenetic events and the molecular alterations that might cause them and/or underlie altered gene expression in cancer.

5,492 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The known histone modifications are described, where they are found genomically and discussed and some of their functional consequences are discussed, concentrating mostly on transcription where the majority of characterisation has taken place.
Abstract: Chromatin is not an inert structure, but rather an instructive DNA scaffold that can respond to external cues to regulate the many uses of DNA. A principle component of chromatin that plays a key role in this regulation is the modification of histones. There is an ever-growing list of these modifications and the complexity of their action is only just beginning to be understood. However, it is clear that histone modifications play fundamental roles in most biological processes that are involved in the manipulation and expression of DNA. Here, we describe the known histone modifications, define where they are found genomically and discuss some of their functional consequences, concentrating mostly on transcription where the majority of characterisation has taken place.

4,536 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
14 Aug 2009-Science
TL;DR: A proteomic-scale analysis of protein acetylation suggests that it is an important biological regulatory mechanism and the regulatory scope of lysine acetylations is broad and comparable with that of other major posttranslational modifications.
Abstract: Lysine acetylation is a reversible posttranslational modification of proteins and plays a key role in regulating gene expression. Technological limitations have so far prevented a global analysis of lysine acetylation's cellular roles. We used high-resolution mass spectrometry to identify 3600 lysine acetylation sites on 1750 proteins and quantified acetylation changes in response to the deacetylase inhibitors suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid and MS-275. Lysine acetylation preferentially targets large macromolecular complexes involved in diverse cellular processes, such as chromatin remodeling, cell cycle, splicing, nuclear transport, and actin nucleation. Acetylation impaired phosphorylation-dependent interactions of 14-3-3 and regulated the yeast cyclin-dependent kinase Cdc28. Our data demonstrate that the regulatory scope of lysine acetylation is broad and comparable with that of other major posttranslational modifications.

3,787 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
23 Feb 2007-Cell
TL;DR: This Review highlights advances in the understanding of chromatin regulation and discusses how such regulation affects the binding of transcription factors as well as the initiation and elongation steps of transcription.

3,424 citations


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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
2023374
2022428
2021530
2020509
2019459
2018437