About: Chromosome 21 is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4736 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 206655 citation(s). The topic is also known as: chr21 & Homo sapiens chromosome 21.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A locus segregating with familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been mapped to chromosome 21, close to the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene as discussed by the authors, which suggests that some cases of AD could be caused by mutations in the APP gene.
Abstract: A locus segregating with familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been mapped to chromosome 21, close to the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene. Recombinants between the APP gene and the AD locus have been reported which seemed to exclude it as the site of the mutation causing familial AD. But recent genetic analysis of a large number of AD families has demonstrated that the disease is heterogeneous. Families with late-onset AD do not show linkage to chromosome 21 markers. Some families with early-onset AD show linkage to chromosome 21 markers, but some do not. This has led to the suggestion that there is non-allelic genetic heterogeneity even within early onset familial AD. To avoid the problems that heterogeneity poses for genetic analysis, we have examined the cosegregation of AD and markers along the long arm of chromosome 21 in a single family with AD confirmed by autopsy. Here we demonstrate that in this kindred, which shows linkage to chromosome 21 markers, there is a point mutation in the APP gene. This mutation causes an amino-acid substitution (Val----Ile) close to the carboxy terminus of the beta-amyloid peptide. Screening other cases of familial AD revealed a second unrelated family in which this variant occurs. This suggests that some cases of AD could be caused by mutations in the APP gene.
21 Feb 1991
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that in this kindred, which shows linkage to chromosome 21 markers, there is a point mutation in the APP gene that causes an amino-acid substitution close to the carboxy terminus of the β-amyloid peptide.
01 Jan 1985
TL;DR: This poster presents a probabilistic procedure to count the number of chromosomes in the nucleus using a simple “spatially aggregating” procedure called “spot-spot analysis”.
Abstract: Chromosome 1-22 Chromosome X Chromosome Y Homogeneously Staining Regions (HSR) Ring Chromosomes (R) Double Minute Chromosomes (DMIN).
TL;DR: In this paper, a DNA probe was obtained from an acute B-cell leukemia cell line, which was specific for chromosome 18 and flanked the heavy chain joining region of the immunoglobulin heavy chain locus on chromosome 14.
Abstract: From an acute B-cell leukemia cell line, a DNA probe was obtained that was specific for chromosome 18 and flanked the heavy chain joining region of the immunoglobulin heavy chain locus on chromosome 14. This probe detected rearrangement of the homologous DNA segment in the leukemic cells and in follicular lymphoma cells with the t(14:18) chromosome translocation but not in other neoplastic or normal B or T cells. The probe appears to identify bcl-2, a gene locus on chromosome 18 (band q21) that is unrelated to known oncogenes and may be important in the pathogenesis of B-cell neoplasms with this translocation.
TL;DR: Using a DNA probe that is specific for the complete gene (c-myc), different somatic cell hybrids possessing varying numbers of human chromosomes were analyzed by the Southern blotting technique and results indicate that the human c- myc gene is located on chromosome 8.
Abstract: Human sequences related to the transforming gene (v-myc) of avian myelocytomatosis virus (MC29) are represented by at least one gene and several related sequences that may represent pseudogenes. By using a DNA probe that is specific for the complete gene (c-myc), different somatic cell hybrids possessing varying numbers of human chromosomes were analyzed by the Southern blotting technique. The results indicate that the human c-myc gene is located on chromosome 8. The analysis of hybrids between rodent cells and human Burkitt lymphoma cells, which carry a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 8 and 14, allowed the mapping of the human c-myc gene on region (q24 leads to qter) of chromosome 8. This chromosomal region is translocated to either human chromosome 2, 14, or 22 in Burkitt lymphoma cells.
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