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Community organization

About: Community organization is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 10540 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 214909 citation(s). The topic is also known as: community organisation.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Arun Agrawal1, Clark C. Gibson2Institutions (2)
01 Apr 1999-World Development
Abstract: Summary. — The poor conservation outcomes that followed decades of intrusive resource management strategies and planned development have forced policy makers and scholars to reconsider the role of community in resource use and conservation. In a break from previous work on development which considered communities a hindrance to progressive social change, current writings champion the role of community in bringing about decentralization, meaningful participation, and conservation. But despite its recent popularity, the concept of community is rarely defined or carefully examined by those concerned with resource use and management. We seek to redress this omission by investigating ‘‘community’’ in work concerning resource conservation and management. We explore the conceptual origins of the community, and the ways the term has been deployed in writings on resource use. We then analyze those aspects of community most important to advocates for community’s role in resource management — community as a small spatial unit, as a homogeneous social structure, and as shared norms — and indicate the weaknesses of these approaches. Finally, we suggest a more political approach: community must be examined in the context of development and conservation by focusing on the multiple interests and actors within communities, on how these actors influence decision-making, and on the internal and external institutions that shape the decision-making process. A focus on institutions rather than ‘‘community’’ is likely to be more fruitful for those interested in community-based natural resource management. ” 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

2,686 citations

01 Jan 2001-
Abstract: Rowland Atkinson and John Flint are researchers at the Department of Urban Studies, University of Glasgow. Both have an interest in the spatial distribution and experience of social exclusion and have been commissioned to devise a methodology for tracing residents who leave regeneration areas in Scotland. •In its simplest formulation snowball sampling consists of identifying respondents who are then used to refer researchers on to other respondents. •Snowball sampling contradicts many of the assumptions underpinning conventional notions of sampling but has a number of advantages for sampling University of Surrey Sociology at Surrey

1,874 citations

Seymour B. Sarason1Institutions (1)
01 Jun 1974-

1,294 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Robert G. Bringle, Julie A. Hatcher1Institutions (1)
Abstract: (1996). Implementing Service Learning in Higher Education. The Journal of Higher Education: Vol. 67, No. 2, pp. 221-239.

1,103 citations

10 Jun 1998-
Abstract: Introduction Social Capital and Networks in Community Development Framing the LISC Demonstration A Social Capital Perspective on Community Development Practice Getting off to a Good Start Positioning the Program in the Field Organizing CDCs and Developing Indigenous Leadership Building Relationships with the Private Sector Transition and its Consequences Lessons Building Social Capital

1,049 citations

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No. of papers in the topic in previous years