About: Composite number is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 103455 publications have been published within this topic receiving 1206169 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, in situ transmission electron microscopy studies provided information regarding composite deformation mechanisms and interfacial bonding between the multi-wall carbon nanotubes and polymer matrix, indicating significant load transfer across the nanotube-matrix interface.
Abstract: Multiwall carbon nanotubes have been dispersed homogeneously throughout polystyrene matrices by a simple solution-evaporation method without destroying the integrity of the nanotubes. Tensile tests on composite films show that 1 wt % nanotube additions result in 36%–42% and ∼25% increases in elastic modulus and break stress, respectively, indicating significant load transfer across the nanotube-matrix interface. In situ transmission electron microscopy studies provided information regarding composite deformation mechanisms and interfacial bonding between the multiwall nanotubes and polymer matrix.
TL;DR: Supercapacitor devices based on this conductive flexible composite film showed large electrochemical capacitance at a discharge rate of 0.3 A g(-1) and exhibited greatly improved electrochemical stability and rate performances.
Abstract: Composite films of chemically converted graphene (CCG) and polyaniline nanofibers (PANI-NFs) were prepared by vacuum filtration the mixed dispersions of both components. The composite film has a layered structure, and PANI-NFs are sandwiched between CCG layers. Furthermore, it is mechanically stable and has a high flexibility; thus, it can be bent into large angles or be shaped into various desired structures. The conductivity of the composite film containing 44% CCG (5.5 × 102 S m−1) is about 10 times that of a PANI-NF film. Supercapacitor devices based on this conductive flexible composite film showed large electrochemical capacitance (210 F g−1) at a discharge rate of 0.3 A g−1. They also exhibited greatly improved electrochemical stability and rate performances.
TL;DR: The results demonstrate the nature of rheology, on nanometer scales, in composite media and flow-induced anisotropy produced by the cutting process and suggest that nanotubes have excellent mechanical properties.
Abstract: A simple technique is described here that produces aligned arrays of carbon nanotubes. The alignment method is based on cutting thin slices (50 to 200 nanometers) of a nanotube-polymer composite. With this parallel and well-separated configuration of nanotubes it should be possible to measure individual tube properties and to demonstrate applications. The results demonstrate the nature of rheology, on nanometer scales, in composite media and flow-induced anisotropy produced by the cutting process. The fact that nanotubes do not break and are straightened after the cutting process also suggests that they have excellent mechanical properties.
TL;DR: The synthesis approach presents a promising route for a large-scale production of RG-O platelet/metal oxide nanoparticle composites as electrode materials for Li-ion batteries.
Abstract: Reduced graphene oxide/Fe2O3 composite was prepared using a facile two-step synthesis by homogeneous precipitation and subsequent reduction of the G-O with hydrazine under microwave irradiation to yield reduced graphene oxide (RG-O) platelets decorated with Fe2O3 nanoparticles. As an anode material for Li-ion batteries, the RG-O/Fe2O3 composite exhibited discharge and charge capacities of 1693 and 1227 mAh/g, respectively, normalized to the mass of Fe2O3 in the composite (and ∼1355 and 982 mAh/g, respectively, based on the total mass of the composite), with good cycling performance and rate capability. Characterization shows that the Fe2O3 nanoparticles are uniformly distributed on the surface of the RG-O platelets in the composite. The total specific capacity of RG-O/Fe2O3 is higher than the sum of pure RG-O and nanoparticle Fe2O3, indicating a positive synergistic effect of RG-O and Fe2O3 on the improvement of electrochemical performance. The synthesis approach presents a promising route for a large-sca...
•28 Feb 1986
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors introduce the concept of anisotropic elasticity and composite Laminate Theory for composite materials, and present a test standard for polymer matrix composites.
Abstract: Preface to the Second Edition. Preface to the First Edition. 1. Introduction to Composite Materials. 2. Anisotropic Elasticity and Composite Laminate Theory. 3. Plates and Panels of Composite Materials. 4. Beams, Columns and Rods of Composite Materials. 5. Composite Material Shells. 6. Energy Methods For Composite Material Structures. 7. Strength and Failure Theories. 8. Joining of Composite Material Structures. 9. Introduction to Composite Design. Appendices: A-1. Micromechanics. A-2. Test Standards for Polymer Matrix Composites. A-3. Properties of Various Polymer Composites. Author Index. Subject Index.
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