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Compounds of zinc

About: Compounds of zinc is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 59 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 603 citation(s).


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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The production of steel in electric arc furnaces (EAF) generates a by-product called EAF dusts. Due to the presence of significant amounts of leachable compounds of zinc, lead, cadmium, chromium and nickel, EAF dusts are classified as hazardous wastes. The quantity of EAF dust generated per year around the world represents a possible recovery of about 900 t of zinc. The major obstacle in the hydrometallurgical extraction and beneficial reuse of zinc is the presence of highly stable zinc ferrite ZnFe2O4. The amount of zinc in this form is about 50% of the total zinc. The objective of the process studied is to extract zinc from zinc ferrites contained in EAF dusts without destroying the iron oxide matrix, which can be recycled in the steel industry. The process is a hydrometallurgical treatment of waste based on the destruction of the ferrite structure. For this, ZnFe2O4 is treated by FeCl3·6H2O. The reaction consists of O2−/Cl− exchange allowing the recovery of zinc as ZnCl2 and iron as hematite αFe2O3. The separation of these products is obtained by aqueous leaching. In a first step, the process was studied on zinc ferrites synthesised in the laboratory, then extended to real samples. All the zinc is extracted after a 8 h treatment at 150 °C with a molar ratio FeCl3·6H2O/ZnFe2O4 of 10. The ultimate solid residues, which have been concentrated in iron, should be oriented towards the steel industry. The process has been also applied to roasted zinc concentrates containing zinc ferrite.

156 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The antimicrobial activities of the free ligand, its hydrochloride salt, and the complexes were evaluated using the disk diffusion method in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as well as the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) dilution method, against 10 bacteria and the results compared with that for gentamycin.
Abstract: 2,6-Bis(benzimidazol-2-yl)pyridine (L) ligand and complexes [M(L)Cl(2)] and [Fe(L)(2)](ClO(4))(2) (M=Zn, Cd, Hg) have been synthesized. The geometries of the [M(L)Cl(2)] complexes were derived from theoretical calculation in DGauss/DFT level (DZVP basis set) on CACHE. The central M(II) ion is penta-coordinated and surrounded by N(3)Cl(2) environment, adopting a distorted trigonal bipyramidal geometry. The ligand is tridentate, via three nitrogen atoms to metal centre and two chloride ions lie on each side of the distorted benzimidazole ring. In the [Fe(L)(2)](ClO(4))(2) complex, the central Fe(II) ion is surrounded by two (3N) units, adopting a octahedral geometry. The elemental analysis, molecular conductivity, FT-Raman, FT-IR (mid-, far-IR), (1)H, and (13)C NMR were reported. The antimicrobial activities of the free ligand, its hydrochloride salt, and the complexes were evaluated using the disk diffusion method in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as well as the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) dilution method, against 10 bacteria and the results compared with that for gentamycin. Antifungal activities were reported for Candida albicans, Kluyveromyces fragilis, Rhodotorula rubra, Debaryomyces hansenii, Hanseniaspora guilliermondii, and the results were referenced against nystatin, ketaconazole, and clotrimazole antifungal agents. In most cases, the compounds tested showed broad-spectrum (Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria) activities that were either more effective than or as potent as the references. The binding of two most biologically effective compounds of zinc and mercury to calf thymus DNA has also been investigated by absorption spectra.

66 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The initial stages of both Zn–Co and Zn electrodeposition were investigated by electrochemical quartz crystal microgravimetry (EQCM). The initial electrode mass growth, determined under both pulse and constant current conditions, was much higher than predicted by Faraday's law. This was explained in terms of the precipitation of scarcely soluble compounds of zinc on an electrode surface. The EQCM data confirm that the hydroxide suppression mechanism explains the anomalous Zn and Co codeposition. A nonuniform adsorption of brightener (benzalaceton) on the profiled surface was concluded on the basis of plating distribution investigations. The additive adsorbs to a greater extent on the surface projections.

33 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Results indicated that separate and combined treatments with crocin and zinc chloride produced improving effects on the blood levels of zinc, glucose, insulin, MDA and TAC in STZ-induced diabetic rats.
Abstract: Objectives:Crocin is one of constituents of saffron and has antioxidant property. Zinc chloride is one of the common compounds of zinc with antioxidant activity. The present study was aimed to investigate separate and combined treatment effects of crocin and zinc chloride on blood levels of zinc and metabolic and oxidative parameters in diabetic rats. Materials and Methods:Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of 50 mg/kg of streptozotocin (STZ) and was confirmed by blood glucose levels higher than 250 mg/dL. After confirmation of diabetes, injections (i.p.) of crocin and zinc chloride were performed for six weeks. At the end of the experiment, blood levels of zinc, glucose, insulin, malodialdehyde (MDA), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were measured. ‎ Results:Crocin (25 and 50 mg/kg) and zinc chloride (5 mg/kg) significantly recovered the decreased levels of zinc, insulin, and TAC and improved the increased levels of glucose and MDA in STZ-induced diabetic rats. In a combination treatment performed with an ineffective dose of crocin (12.5 mg/kg) and a low dose of zinc chloride (1.25 mg/kg), improving effects were observed on the above-mentioned biochemical parameters.‎ Conclusions: The results indicated that separate and combined treatments with crocin and zinc chloride produced improving effects on the blood levels of zinc, glucose, insulin, MDA and TAC in STZ-induced diabetic rats.‎

24 citations

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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
20201
20191
20182
20153
20144
20131