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Concentric tube heat exchanger

About: Concentric tube heat exchanger is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 5053 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 81130 citation(s).
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25 Jul 2003-
Abstract: Preface. Nomenclature. 1 Classification of Heat Exchangers. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Classification According to Transfer Processes. 1.3 Classification According to Number of Fluids. 1.4 Classification According to Surface Compactness. 1.5 Classification According to Construction Features. 1.6 Classification According to Flow Arrangements. 1.7 Classification According to Heat Transfer Mechanisms. Summary. References. Review Questions. 2 Overview of Heat Exchanger Design Methodology. 2.1 Heat Exchanger Design Methodology. 2.2 Interactions Among Design Considerations. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. 3 Basic Thermal Design Theory for Recuperators. 3.1 Formal Analogy between Thermal and Electrical Entities. 3.2 Heat Exchanger Variables and Thermal Circuit. 3.3 The ?(Epsilon)-NTU Method. 3.4 Effectiveness - Number of Transfer Unit Relationships. 3.5 The P-NTU Method. 3.6 P-N TU R elat ionships. 3.7 The Mean Temperature Difference Method. 3.8 F Factors for Various Flow Arrangements. 3.9 Comparison of the ?(Epsilon)-NTU, P-NTU, and MTD Methods. 3.10 The ?(Psi)-P and P1-P2 Methods. 3.11 Solution Methods for Determining Exchanger Effectiveness. 3.12 Heat Exchanger Design Problems. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. 4 Additional Considerations for Thermal Design of Recuperators. 4.1 Longitudinal Wall Heat Conduction Effects. 4.2 Nonuniform Overall Heat Transfer Coefficients. 4.3 Additional Considerations for Extended Surface Exchangers. 4.4 Additional Considerations for Shell-and-Tube Exchangers. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. 5 Thermal Design Theory for Regenerators. 5.1 Heat Transfer Analysis. 5.2 The ?(Epsilon)-NTUo Method. 5.3 The ?(Lambda)-?(Pi) Method. 5.4 Influence of Longitudinal Wall Heat Conduction. 5.5 Influence of Transverse Wall Heat Conduction. 5.6 Influence of Pressure and Carryover Leakages. 5.7 Influence of Matrix Material, Size, and Arrangement. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. 6 Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop Analysis. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Extended Surface Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop. 6.3 Regenerator Pressure Drop. 6.4 Tubular Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop. 6.5 Plate Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop. 6.6 Pressure Drop Associated with Fluid Distribution Elements. 6.7 Pressure Drop Presentation. 6.8 Pressure Drop Dependence on Geometry and Fluid Properties. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. 7 Surface Basic Heat Transfer and Flow Friction Characteristics. 7.1 Basic Concepts. 7.2 Dimensionless Groups. 7.3 Experimental Techniques for Determining Surface Characteristics. 7.4 Analytical and Semiempirical Heat Transfer and Friction Factor Correlations for Simple Geometries. 7.5 Experimental Heat Transfer and Friction Factor Correlations for Complex Geometries. 7.6 Influence of Temperature-Dependent Fluid Properties. 7.7 Influence of Superimposed Free Convection. 7.8 Influence of Superimposed Radiation. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. 8 Heat Exchanger Surface Geometrical Characteristics. 8.1 Tubular Heat Exchangers. 8.2 Tube-Fin Heat Exchangers. 8.3 Plate-Fin Heat Exchangers. 8.4 Regenerators with Continuous Cylindrical Passages. 8.5 Shell-and-Tube Exchangers with Segmental Baffles. 8.6 Gasketed Plate Heat Exchangers. Summary. References. Review Questions. 9 Heat Exchanger Design Procedures. 9.1 Fluid Mean Temperatures. 9.2 Plate-Fin Heat Exchangers. 9.3 Tube-Fin Heat Exchangers. 9.3.4 Core Mass Velocity Equation. 9.4 Plate Heat Exchangers. 9.5 Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers. 9.6 Heat Exchanger Optimization. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. 10 Selection of Heat Exchangers and Their Components. 10.1 Selection Criteria Based on Operating Parameters. 10.2 General Selection Guidelines for Major Exchanger Types. 10.3 Some Quantitative Considerations. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. 11 Thermodynamic Modeling and Analysis. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Modeling a Heat Exchanger Based on the First Law of Thermodynamics. 11.3 Irreversibilities in Heat Exchangers. 11.4 Thermodynamic Irreversibility and Temperature Cross Phenomena. 11.5 A Heuristic Approach to an Assessment of Heat Exchanger Effectiveness. 11.6 Energy, Exergy, and Cost Balances in the Analysis and Optimization of Heat Exchangers. 11.7 Performance Evaluation Criteria Based on the Second Law of Thermodynamics. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. 12 Flow Maldistribution and Header Design. 12.1 Geometry-Induced Flow Maldistribution. 12.2 Operating Condition-Induced Flow Maldistribution. 12.3 Mitigation of Flow Maldistribution. 12.4 Header and Manifold Design. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. 13 Fouling and Corrosion. 13.1 Fouling and its Effect on Exchanger Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop. 13.2 Phenomenological Considerations of Fouling. 13.3 Fouling Resistance Design Approach. 13.4 Prevention and Mitigation of Fouling. 13.5 Corrosion in Heat Exchangers. Summary. References. Review Questions. Problems. Appendix A: Thermophysical Properties. Appendix B: ?(Epsilon)-NTU Relationships for Liquid-Coupled Exchangers. Appendix C: Two-Phase Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Correlations. C.1 Two-Phase Pressure Drop Correlations. C.2 Heat Transfer Correlations for Condensation. C.3 Heat Transfer Correlations for Boiling. Appendix D: U and CUA Values for Various Heat Exchangers. General References on or Related to Heat Exchangers. Index.

1,920 citations

01 Jan 1971-

1,709 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Stephen Whitaker1Institutions (1)
01 Mar 1972-Aiche Journal
Abstract: Previously obtained experimental heat transfer data have been collected and are illustrated along with minor variations of the standard correlations. Analysis of data for heat transfer in randomly packed beds and compact (void fraction less than 0.65) staggered tube bundles indicates that the Nusselt number for a wide range of packing materials and tube arrangements is given by provided NRe ≥ 50. The correlations presented in this paper are not necessarily the most accurate available; however, they have wide application, are easy to use, and are quite satisfactory for most design calculations.

920 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In the present paper, the problem of laminar forced convection flow of nanofluids has been thoroughly investigated for two particular geometrical configurations, namely a uniformly heated tube and a system of parallel, coaxial and heated disks. Numerical results, as obtained for water–γAl2O3 and Ethylene Glycol–γAl2O3 mixtures, have clearly shown that the inclusion of nanoparticles into the base fluids has produced a considerable augmentation of the heat transfer coefficient that clearly increases with an increase of the particle concentration. However, the presence of such particles has also induced drastic effects on the wall shear stress that increases appreciably with the particle loading. Among the mixtures studied, the Ethylene Glycol–γAl2O3 nanofluid appears to offer a better heat transfer enhancement than water–γAl2O3; it is also the one that has induced more pronounced adverse effects on the wall shear stress. For the case of tube flow, results have also shown that, in general, the heat transfer enhancement also increases considerably with an augmentation of the flow Reynolds number. Correlations have been provided for computing the Nusselt number for the nanofluids considered in terms of the Reynolds and the Prandtl numbers and this for both the thermal boundary conditions considered. For the case of radial flow, results have also shown that both the Reynolds number and the distance separating the disks do not seem to considerably affect in one way or another the heat transfer enhancement of the nanofluids (i.e. when compared to the base fluid at the same Reynolds number and distance).

835 citations

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