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Contact angle

About: Contact angle is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 34693 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 945925 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
D. K. Owens1, R. C. Wendt2Institutions (2)
Abstract: A method for measuring the surface energy of solids and for resolving the surface energy into contributions from dispersion and dipole-hydrogen bonding forces has been developed. It is based on the measurement of contact angles with water and methylene iodide. Good agreement has been obtained with the more laborious γc method. Evidence for a finite value of liquid-solid interfacial tension at zero contact angle is presented. The method is especially applicable to the surface characterization of polymers.

6,785 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Lin Feng1, Shuhong Li1, Yingshun Li1, Huanjun Li1  +6 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Super-hydrophobic surfaces, with a water contact angle (CA) greater than 150degreesC, have attracted much interest for both fundamental research and practical applications. Recent studies on lotus and rice leaves reveal that a super-hydrophobic surface with both a large CA and small sliding angle (alpha) needs the cooperation of micro- and nanostructure, and the arrangement of the microstructures on this surface can influence the way a water droplet tends to move. These results form the natural world provide a guide for constructing artificial super-hydrophobic surfaces and designing surfaces with controllable wettability. Accordingly, super-hydrophobic surfaces of polymer nanofibers and differently patterned aligned carbon nanotube (ACNT) films have been fabricated.

3,402 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Colin D. Bain1, E. Barry Troughton1, Yu-Tai Tao1, Joseph Evall1  +2 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: : Long-chain alkanethiols, HS(CH2)nX, adsorb from solution onto gold surfaces and form ordered, oriented monolayer films. The properties of the interfaces between the films and liquids are largely independent of chain length when n > 10; in particular, wetting is not directly influenced by the proximity of the underlying gold substrate. The specific interaction of gold with sulfur and other soft nucleophiles and its low reactivity toward most hard acids and bases make it possible to vary the structure of the terminal group, X, widely and thus permit the introduction of a great range of functional groups into a surface. Studies of wettability of these monolayers, and of their composition using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), indicate that the monolayers are oriented with the tail group, X, exposed at the monolayer-air or monolayer- liquid interface. The adsorption of simple n-alkanethiols generates hydrophobic surfaces whose free energy (19 mJ/sq. m) is the lowest of any hydrocarbon surface studied to date. Measurement of contact angles is a useful tool for studying the structure and chemistry of the outermost few angstroms of a surface. This work used contact angles and optical ellipsometry to study the kinetics of adsorption of monolayer films and to examine the experimental conditions necessary for the formation of high-quality films.

3,116 citations

Reference BookDOI
22 Nov 2017
Abstract: "Interfacial Thermodynamics Molecular Interpretations Interfacial and Surface Tensions of Polymer Melts and Liquids Contact Angles of Liquids on Solid Polymers Surface Tension and Polarity of Solid Polymers Wetting of High-Energy Surfaces Dynamic Contact Angles and Wetting Kinetics Experimental Methods for Contact Angles and Interfacial Tensions Modifications of Polymer Surfaces: Mechanisms of Wettability and Bondability Improvements Adhesion: Basic Concept and Locus of Failure Formation of Adhesive Bond Weak Boundary Layers Effect of Internal Stress and Bond Strength Fracture of Adhesive Bond Fundamentals of Fracture Mechanics Analysis and Testing of Adhesive Bonds Creep, Fatigue, and Environmental Effects Creep and Fatigue of Adhesive Joints Environmental Effects Appendix I: Calculation of Surface Tension and Its Non-polar and Polar Components from Contact Angles By the Harmonic-Mean and the Geometric-Mean Methods Appendix II: Unit Conversion Tables "

2,390 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Anish Tuteja1, Wonjae Choi1, Minglin Ma1, Joseph M. Mabry2  +4 moreInstitutions (2)
07 Dec 2007-Science
TL;DR: It is shown how a third factor, re-entrant surface curvature, in conjunction with chemical composition and roughened texture, can be used to design surfaces that display extreme resistance to wetting from a number of liquids with low surface tension, including alkanes such as decane and octane.
Abstract: Understanding the complementary roles of surface energy and roughness on natural nonwetting surfaces has led to the development of a number of biomimetic superhydrophobic surfaces, which exhibit apparent contact angles with water greater than 150 degrees and low contact angle hysteresis. However, superoleophobic surfaces-those that display contact angles greater than 150 degrees with organic liquids having appreciably lower surface tensions than that of water-are extremely rare. Calculations suggest that creating such a surface would require a surface energy lower than that of any known material. We show how a third factor, re-entrant surface curvature, in conjunction with chemical composition and roughened texture, can be used to design surfaces that display extreme resistance to wetting from a number of liquids with low surface tension, including alkanes such as decane and octane.

2,389 citations

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