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Coplanar waveguide

About: Coplanar waveguide is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 9375 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 117113 citation(s).

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01 Jun 1979
Abstract: Microstrip Lines I: Quasi-Static Analyses, Dispersion Models, and Measurements -Introduction. Quasi-Static Analyses of a Microstrip. Microstrip Dispersion Models. Microstrip Transitions. Microstrip Measurements. Fabrication. Microstrip Lines II: Fullwave Analyses, Design Considerations, and Applications - Methods of Fullwave Analysis. Analysis of an Open Microstrip. Analysis of an Enclosed Microstrip. Design Considerations. Other Types of Microstrip Lines. Microstrip Applications. Microstrip Discontinuities I: Quasi-Static Analysis and Characterization -Introduction. Discontinuity Capacitance Evaluation. Discontinuity Inductance Evaluation. Characterization of Various Discontinuities. Compensated Microstrip Discontinuities. Microstrip Discontinuities II: Fullwave Analysis and Measurements - Planar Waveguide Analysis. Fullwave Analysis of Discontinuities. Discontinuity Measurements. Slotlines -Introduction. Slotline Analysis. Design Considerations. Slotline Discontinuities. Variants of Slotline. Slotline Transitions. Slotline Applications. Defected Ground Structure (DGS) -Introduction. DGS Characteristics. Modeling of DGS. Applications of DGS. Coplanar Lines: Coplanar Waveguide and Coplanar Strips -Introduction. Analysis. Design Considerations. Losses in Coplanar Lines. Effect of Tolerances. Comparison with Microstrip Line and Slotline. Transitions. Discontinuities in Coplanar Lines. Coplanar Line Circuits. Coupled Microstrip Lines -Introduction. General Analysis of Coupled Lines. Characteristics of Coupled Microstrip Lines. Measurements on Coupled Microstrip Lines. Design Considerations for Coupled Microstrip Lines. Slot-Coupled Microstrip Lines. Coupled Multiconductor Microstrip Lines. Discontinuities in Coupled Microstrip Lines. Substrate Integrated Waveguide (SIW) -Introduction. Analysis Techniques of SIW. Design Considerations. Other SIW Configurations. Transitions Between SIW and Planar Transmission Lines. SIW Components and Antennas. Fabrication Technologies and Materials.

2,141 citations

01 Jan 2001
Abstract: Preface Introduction Conventional Coplanar Waveguide Conductor-Backed Coplanar Waveguide Coplanar Waveguide with Finite-Width Ground Planes Coplanar Waveguide Suspended Inside A Conducting Enclosure Coplanar Striplines Microshield Lines and Coupled Coplanar Waveguide Attenuation Characteristics of Conventional, Micromachined, and Superconducting Coplanar Waveguides Coplanar Waveguide Discontinuities and Circuit Elements Coplanar Waveguide Transitions Directional Couplers, Hybrids, and Magic-Ts Coplanar Waveguide Applications References Index

1,162 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
C.P. Wen1
05 May 1969
Abstract: A coplanar waveguide consists of a strip of thin metallic film on the surface of a dielectric slab with two ground electrodes running adjacent and parallel to the strip. This novel transmission line readily lends itself to nonreciprocal magnetic device applications because of the built-in circularly polarized magnetic vector at the air-dielectric boundary between the conductors. Practical applications of the coplanar waveguide have been experimentally demonstrated by measurements on resonant isolators and differential phase shifters fabricated on low-loss dielectric substrates with high dielectric constants. Calculations have been made for the characteristic impedance, phase velocity, and ripper bound of attenuation of a transmission line whose electrodes are all on one side of a dielectric substrate. These calculations are in good agreement with preliminary experimental results. The coplanar configuration of the transmission system not only permits easy shunt connection of external elements in hybrid integrated circuits, but also adapts well to the fabrication of monolithic integrated systems. Low-loss dielectric substrates with high dielectric constants may be employed to reduce the longitudinal dimension of the integrated circuits because the characteristic impedance of the coplanar waveguide is relatively independent of the substrate thickness; this may be of vital importance for Iow-frequency integrated microwave systems.

874 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: This paper presents a novel photonic bandgap (PBG) structure for microwave integrated circuits. This new PBG structure is a two-dimensional square lattice with each element consisting of a metal pad and four connecting branches. Experimental results of a microstrip on a substrate with the PEG ground plane displays a broad stopband, as predicted by finite-difference time-domain simulations. Due to the slow-wave effect generated by this unique structure, the period of the PBG lattice is only 0.1/spl lambda//sub 0/ at the cutoff frequency, resulting in the most compact PEG lattice ever achieved. In the passband, the measured slow-wave factor (/spl beta//k/sub 0/) is 1.2-2.4 times higher and insertion loss is at the same level compared to a conventional 50-/spl Omega/ line. This uniplanar compact PBG (UC-PBG) structure can be built using standard planar fabrication techniques without any modification. Several application examples have also been demonstrated, including a nonleaky conductor-backed coplanar waveguide and a compact spurious-free bandpass filter. This UC-PBG structure should find wide applications for high-performance and compact circuit components in microwave and millimeter-wave integrated circuits.

819 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
03 Jan 2005
Abstract: This paper describes the design and modeling of CMOS transistors, integrated passives, and circuit blocks at millimeter-wave (mm-wave) frequencies. The effects of parasitics on the high-frequency performance of 130-nm CMOS transistors are investigated, and a peak f/sub max/ of 135 GHz has been achieved with optimal device layout. The inductive quality factor (Q/sub L/) is proposed as a more representative metric for transmission lines, and for a standard CMOS back-end process, coplanar waveguide (CPW) lines are determined to possess a higher Q/sub L/ than microstrip lines. Techniques for accurate modeling of active and passive components at mm-wave frequencies are presented. The proposed methodology was used to design two wideband mm-wave CMOS amplifiers operating at 40 GHz and 60 GHz. The 40-GHz amplifier achieves a peak |S/sub 21/| = 19 dB, output P/sub 1dB/ = -0.9 dBm, IIP3 = -7.4 dBm, and consumes 24 mA from a 1.5-V supply. The 60-GHz amplifier achieves a peak |S/sub 21/| = 12 dB, output P/sub 1dB/ = +2.0 dBm, NF = 8.8 dB, and consumes 36 mA from a 1.5-V supply. The amplifiers were fabricated in a standard 130-nm 6-metal layer bulk-CMOS process, demonstrating that complex mm-wave circuits are possible in today's mainstream CMOS technologies.

719 citations

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