Topic

# Crack closure

About: Crack closure is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 28157 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 588158 citation(s).

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Brown University

^{1}TL;DR: In this paper, an integral is exhibited which has the same value for all paths surrounding a class of notches in two-dimensional deformation fields of linear or non-linear elastic materials.

Abstract: : An integral is exhibited which has the same value for all paths surrounding a class of notches in two-dimensional deformation fields of linear or non-linear elastic materials. The integral may be evaluated almost by inspection for a few notch configurations. Also, for materials of the elastic- plastic type (treated through a deformation rather than incremental formulation) , with a linear response to small stresses followed by non-linear yielding, the integral may be evaluated in terms of Irwin's stress intensity factor when yielding occurs on a scale small in comparison to notch size. On the other hand, the integral may be expressed in terms of the concentrated deformation field in the vicinity of the notch tip. This implies that some information on strain concentrations is obtainable without recourse to detailed non-linear analyses. Such an approach is exploited here. Applications are made to: Approximate estimates of strain concentrations at smooth ended notch tips in elastic and elastic-plastic materials, A general solution for crack tip separation in the Barenblatt-Dugdale crack model, leading to a proof of the identity of the Griffith theory and Barenblatt cohesive theory for elastic brittle fracture and to the inclusion of strain hardening behavior in the Dugdale model for plane stress yielding, and An approximate perfectly plastic plane strain analysis, based on the slip line theory, of contained plastic deformation at a crack tip and of crack blunting.

7,005 citations

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Lund University

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, fracture mechanics is introduced into finite element analysis by means of a model where stresses are assumed to act across a crack as long as it is narrowly opened, which may be regarded as a way of expressing the energy adsorption in the energy balance approach.

Abstract: A method is presented in which fracture mechanics is introduced into finite element analysis by means of a model where stresses are assumed to act across a crack as long as it is narrowly opened. This assumption may be regarded as a way of expressing the energy adsorption GC in the energy balance approach, but it is also in agreement with results of tension tests. As a demonstration the method has been applied to the bending of an unreinforced beam, which has led to an explanation of the difference between bending strength and tensile strength, and of the variation in bending strength with beam depth.

5,032 citations

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Lund University

^{1}TL;DR: In this article, fracture mechanics is introduced into finite element analysis by means of a model where stresses are assumed to act across a crack as long as it is narrowly opened, which may be regarded as a way of expressing the energy adsorption in the energy balance approach.

Abstract: A method is presented in which fracture mechanics is introduced into finite element analysis by means of a model where stresses are assumed to act across a crack as long as it is narrowly opened. This assumption may be regarded as a way of expressing the energy adsorption GC in the energy balance approach, but it is also in agreement with results of tension tests. As a demonstration the method has been applied to the bending of an unreinforced beam, which has led to an explanation of the difference between bending strength and tensile strength, and of the variation in bending strength with beam depth.

4,900 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the cyclic deformation and fatigue crack initiation in polycrystalline ductile solids was studied and a total-life approach was proposed to deal with the problem.

Abstract: Preface 1. Introduction and overview Part I. Cyclic Deformation and Fatigue Crack Initiation: 2. Cyclic deformation in ductile single crystals 3. Cyclic deformation in polycrystalline ductile solids 4. Fatigue crack initiation in ductile solids 5. Cyclic deformation and crack initiation in brittle solids 6. Cyclic deformation and crack initiation in noncrystalline solids Part II. Total-Life Approaches: 7. Stress-life approach 8. Strain-life approach Part III. Damage-Tolerant Approach: 9. Fracture mechanics and its implications for fatigue 10. Fatigue crack growth in ductile solids 11. Fatigue crack growth in brittle solids 12. Fatigue crack growth in noncrystalline solids Part IV. Advanced Topics: 13. Contact fatigue: sliding, rolling and fretting 14. Retardation and transients in fatigue crack growth 15. Small fatigue cracks 16. Environmental interactions: corrosion-fatigue and creep-fatigue Appendix References Indexes.

4,074 citations