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# Criss-cross algorithm

About: Criss-cross algorithm is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 2279 publications have been published within this topic receiving 101953 citations.

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TL;DR: Introduction and Preliminaries.

Abstract: Introduction and Preliminaries. Problems, Algorithms, and Complexity. LINEAR ALGEBRA. Linear Algebra and Complexity. LATTICES AND LINEAR DIOPHANTINE EQUATIONS. Theory of Lattices and Linear Diophantine Equations. Algorithms for Linear Diophantine Equations. Diophantine Approximation and Basis Reduction. POLYHEDRA, LINEAR INEQUALITIES, AND LINEAR PROGRAMMING. Fundamental Concepts and Results on Polyhedra, Linear Inequalities, and Linear Programming. The Structure of Polyhedra. Polarity, and Blocking and Anti--Blocking Polyhedra. Sizes and the Theoretical Complexity of Linear Inequalities and Linear Programming. The Simplex Method. Primal--Dual, Elimination, and Relaxation Methods. Khachiyana s Method for Linear Programming. The Ellipsoid Method for Polyhedra More Generally. Further Polynomiality Results in Linear Programming. INTEGER LINEAR PROGRAMMING. Introduction to Integer Linear Programming. Estimates in Integer Linear Programming. The Complexity of Integer Linear Programming. Totally Unimodular Matrices: Fundamental Properties and Examples. Recognizing Total Unimodularity. Further Theory Related to Total Unimodularity. Integral Polyhedra and Total Dual Integrality. Cutting Planes. Further Methods in Integer Linear Programming. References. Indexes.

6,747 citations

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01 Jan 1963

TL;DR: This classic book looks at a wealth of examples and develops linear programming methods for their solutions and begins by introducing the basic theory of linear inequalities and describes the powerful simplex method used to solve them.

Abstract: In real-world problems related to finance, business, and management, mathematicians and economists frequently encounter optimization problems. In this classic book, George Dantzig looks at a wealth of examples and develops linear programming methods for their solutions. He begins by introducing the basic theory of linear inequalities and describes the powerful simplex method used to solve them. Treatments of the price concept, the transportation problem, and matrix methods are also given, and key mathematical concepts such as the properties of convex sets and linear vector spaces are covered."The author of this book was the main force in establishing a new mathematical discipline, and he has contributed to its further development at every stage and from every angle. This volume ... is a treasure trove for those who work in this field--teachers, students, and users alike. Its encyclopaedic coverage, due in part to collaboration with other experts, makes it an absolute must."--S. Vajda, Zentralblatt fYr Mathematik und ihre Grenzgebiete

5,641 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: It is proved that given a polytopeP and a strictly interior point a εP, there is a projective transformation of the space that mapsP, a toP′, a′ having the following property: the ratio of the radius of the smallest sphere with center a′, containingP′ to theradius of the largest sphere withCenter a′ contained inP′ isO(n).

Abstract: We present a new polynomial-time algorithm for linear programming. In the worst case, the algorithm requiresO(n
3.5
L) arithmetic operations onO(L) bit numbers, wheren is the number of variables andL is the number of bits in the input. The running-time of this algorithm is better than the ellipsoid algorithm by a factor ofO(n
2.5). We prove that given a polytopeP and a strictly interior point a eP, there is a projective transformation of the space that mapsP, a toP′, a′ having the following property. The ratio of the radius of the smallest sphere with center a′, containingP′ to the radius of the largest sphere with center a′ contained inP′ isO(n). The algorithm consists of repeated application of such projective transformations each followed by optimization over an inscribed sphere to create a sequence of points which converges to the optimal solution in polynomial time.

4,720 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown that solutions obtained by fuzzy linear programming are always efficient solutions and the consequences of using different ways of combining individual objective functions in order to determine an “optimal” compromise solution are shown.

Abstract: In the recent past numerous models and methods have been suggested to solve the vectormaximum problem. Most of these approaches center their attention on linear programming problems with several objective functions. Apart from these approaches the theory of fuzzy sets has been employed to formulate and solve fuzzy linear programming problems. This paper presents the application of fuzzy linear programming approaches to the linear vectormaximum problem. It shows that solutions obtained by fuzzy linear programming are always efficient solutions. It also shows the consequences of using different ways of combining individual objective functions in order to determine an “optimal” compromise solution.

3,117 citations

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01 Jan 2011

TL;DR: This chapter discusses Optimization Techniques, which are used in Linear Programming I and II, and Nonlinear Programming II, which is concerned with One-Dimensional Minimization.

Abstract: Preface. 1 Introduction to Optimization. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Historical Development. 1.3 Engineering Applications of Optimization. 1.4 Statement of an Optimization Problem. 1.5 Classification of Optimization Problems. 1.6 Optimization Techniques. 1.7 Engineering Optimization Literature. 1.8 Solution of Optimization Problems Using MATLAB. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 2 Classical Optimization Techniques. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Single-Variable Optimization. 2.3 Multivariable Optimization with No Constraints. 2.4 Multivariable Optimization with Equality Constraints. 2.5 Multivariable Optimization with Inequality Constraints. 2.6 Convex Programming Problem. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 3 Linear Programming I: Simplex Method. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Applications of Linear Programming. 3.3 Standard Form of a Linear Programming Problem. 3.4 Geometry of Linear Programming Problems. 3.5 Definitions and Theorems. 3.6 Solution of a System of Linear Simultaneous Equations. 3.7 Pivotal Reduction of a General System of Equations. 3.8 Motivation of the Simplex Method. 3.9 Simplex Algorithm. 3.10 Two Phases of the Simplex Method. 3.11 MATLAB Solution of LP Problems. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 4 Linear Programming II: Additional Topics and Extensions. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Revised Simplex Method. 4.3 Duality in Linear Programming. 4.4 Decomposition Principle. 4.5 Sensitivity or Postoptimality Analysis. 4.6 Transportation Problem. 4.7 Karmarkar's Interior Method. 4.8 Quadratic Programming. 4.9 MATLAB Solutions. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 5 Nonlinear Programming I: One-Dimensional Minimization Methods. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Unimodal Function. ELIMINATION METHODS. 5.3 Unrestricted Search. 5.4 Exhaustive Search. 5.5 Dichotomous Search. 5.6 Interval Halving Method. 5.7 Fibonacci Method. 5.8 Golden Section Method. 5.9 Comparison of Elimination Methods. INTERPOLATION METHODS. 5.10 Quadratic Interpolation Method. 5.11 Cubic Interpolation Method. 5.12 Direct Root Methods. 5.13 Practical Considerations. 5.14 MATLAB Solution of One-Dimensional Minimization Problems. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 6 Nonlinear Programming II: Unconstrained Optimization Techniques. 6.1 Introduction. DIRECT SEARCH METHODS. 6.2 Random Search Methods. 6.3 Grid Search Method. 6.4 Univariate Method. 6.5 Pattern Directions. 6.6 Powell's Method. 6.7 Simplex Method. INDIRECT SEARCH (DESCENT) METHODS. 6.8 Gradient of a Function. 6.9 Steepest Descent (Cauchy) Method. 6.10 Conjugate Gradient (Fletcher-Reeves) Method. 6.11 Newton's Method. 6.12 Marquardt Method. 6.13 Quasi-Newton Methods. 6.14 Davidon-Fletcher-Powell Method. 6.15 Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno Method. 6.16 Test Functions. 6.17 MATLAB Solution of Unconstrained Optimization Problems. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 7 Nonlinear Programming III: Constrained Optimization Techniques. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Characteristics of a Constrained Problem. DIRECT METHODS. 7.3 Random Search Methods. 7.4 Complex Method. 7.5 Sequential Linear Programming. 7.6 Basic Approach in the Methods of Feasible Directions. 7.7 Zoutendijk's Method of Feasible Directions. 7.8 Rosen's Gradient Projection Method. 7.9 Generalized Reduced Gradient Method. 7.10 Sequential Quadratic Programming. INDIRECT METHODS. 7.11 Transformation Techniques. 7.12 Basic Approach of the Penalty Function Method. 7.13 Interior Penalty Function Method. 7.14 Convex Programming Problem. 7.15 Exterior Penalty Function Method. 7.16 Extrapolation Techniques in the Interior Penalty Function Method. 7.17 Extended Interior Penalty Function Methods. 7.18 Penalty Function Method for Problems with Mixed Equality and Inequality Constraints. 7.19 Penalty Function Method for Parametric Constraints. 7.20 Augmented Lagrange Multiplier Method. 7.21 Checking the Convergence of Constrained Optimization Problems. 7.22 Test Problems. 7.23 MATLAB Solution of Constrained Optimization Problems. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 8 Geometric Programming. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Posynomial. 8.3 Unconstrained Minimization Problem. 8.4 Solution of an Unconstrained Geometric Programming Program Using Differential Calculus. 8.5 Solution of an Unconstrained Geometric Programming Problem Using Arithmetic-Geometric Inequality. 8.6 Primal-Dual Relationship and Sufficiency Conditions in the Unconstrained Case. 8.7 Constrained Minimization. 8.8 Solution of a Constrained Geometric Programming Problem. 8.9 Primal and Dual Programs in the Case of Less-Than Inequalities. 8.10 Geometric Programming with Mixed Inequality Constraints. 8.11 Complementary Geometric Programming. 8.12 Applications of Geometric Programming. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 9 Dynamic Programming. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Multistage Decision Processes. 9.3 Concept of Suboptimization and Principle of Optimality. 9.4 Computational Procedure in Dynamic Programming. 9.5 Example Illustrating the Calculus Method of Solution. 9.6 Example Illustrating the Tabular Method of Solution. 9.7 Conversion of a Final Value Problem into an Initial Value Problem. 9.8 Linear Programming as a Case of Dynamic Programming. 9.9 Continuous Dynamic Programming. 9.10 Additional Applications. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 10 Integer Programming. 10.1 Introduction 588. INTEGER LINEAR PROGRAMMING. 10.2 Graphical Representation. 10.3 Gomory's Cutting Plane Method. 10.4 Balas' Algorithm for Zero-One Programming Problems. INTEGER NONLINEAR PROGRAMMING. 10.5 Integer Polynomial Programming. 10.6 Branch-and-Bound Method. 10.7 Sequential Linear Discrete Programming. 10.8 Generalized Penalty Function Method. 10.9 Solution of Binary Programming Problems Using MATLAB. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 11 Stochastic Programming. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Basic Concepts of Probability Theory. 11.3 Stochastic Linear Programming. 11.4 Stochastic Nonlinear Programming. 11.5 Stochastic Geometric Programming. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 12 Optimal Control and Optimality Criteria Methods. 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 Calculus of Variations. 12.3 Optimal Control Theory. 12.4 Optimality Criteria Methods. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 13 Modern Methods of Optimization. 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 Genetic Algorithms. 13.3 Simulated Annealing. 13.4 Particle Swarm Optimization. 13.5 Ant Colony Optimization. 13.6 Optimization of Fuzzy Systems. 13.7 Neural-Network-Based Optimization. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. 14 Practical Aspects of Optimization. 14.1 Introduction. 14.2 Reduction of Size of an Optimization Problem. 14.3 Fast Reanalysis Techniques. 14.4 Derivatives of Static Displacements and Stresses. 14.5 Derivatives of Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors. 14.6 Derivatives of Transient Response. 14.7 Sensitivity of Optimum Solution to Problem Parameters. 14.8 Multilevel Optimization. 14.9 Parallel Processing. 14.10 Multiobjective Optimization. 14.11 Solution of Multiobjective Problems Using MATLAB. References and Bibliography. Review Questions. Problems. A Convex and Concave Functions. B Some Computational Aspects of Optimization. B.1 Choice of Method. B.2 Comparison of Unconstrained Methods. B.3 Comparison of Constrained Methods. B.4 Availability of Computer Programs. B.5 Scaling of Design Variables and Constraints. B.6 Computer Programs for Modern Methods of Optimization. References and Bibliography. C Introduction to MATLAB(R) . C.1 Features and Special Characters. C.2 Defining Matrices in MATLAB. C.3 CREATING m-FILES. C.4 Optimization Toolbox. Answers to Selected Problems. Index .

3,099 citations