About: Cuneate nucleus is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 614 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 24859 citation(s). The topic is also known as: cuneate nucleus of spinal cord.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Sep 1988-The Journal of Neuroscience
TL;DR: The changes in NGFRI staining seen in this study suggest that NGF may have broader effects during development than previously thought.
Abstract: Nerve growth factor (NGF) receptor expression was studied in rats between embryonic day 11 (E11) to postnatal day 10 (PND10) by using a monoclonal antibody, 192-IgG, that specifically recognizes rat NGF receptor. Sympathetic ganglia were lightly stained by 192-IgG for NGF receptor immunoreactivity (NGFRI) (E11-PND10). Neural crest-derived sensory ganglia were moderately to densely stained (E11-PND10). Areas in CNS innervated by the central processes of these ganglia were also stained. Parasympathetic ciliary ganglion showed some detectable staining (E16-PND6). Placode-derived sensory ganglia were stained more densely than that of neural crest-derived sensory ganglia. The most densely stained tissue for NGFRI was found in all peripheral nerves. Basal forebrain cholinergic neurons were NGFRI positive from E15 throughout the period examined. Motoneurons in both spinal cord and brain stem were positive for NGFRI between E15 and PND10. NGFRI staining was seen in a variety of sensory pathways and related structures, such as olfactory tract and glomerular layer of olfactory bulb; retina, optic nerve and tract, lateral geniculate nucleus, medial terminal nucleus of the accessory optic tract, and olivary pretectal nucleus; ventral cochlear nucleus and to a lesser degree in dorsal cochlear nucleus, superior olive, and nucleus of lateral lemniscus; solitary tract; cuneate nucleus, gracile nucleus, and ventroposterior thalamic nucleus. The specific staining was also found in some other CNS structures, including brain-stem reticular formation; amygdala; medial nucleus of inferior olive but not the rest of inferior olive, external granule cell layer and Purkinje's cells of cerebellum, and deep cerebellar nuclei. Some non-neuronal tissues such as meninges and dental tissue showed very distinctive staining. Limb buds and somites were NGFRI positive starting at E11, and the staining on muscle tissue became very dense at E15-E18 and largely disappeared around PND10. Embryonic thymus was positive for NGFRI. The adventitia surrounding blood vessels was very densely stained. The changes in NGFRI staining seen in this study suggest that NGF may have broader effects during development than previously thought.
TL;DR: A comprehensive search for subcortical projections to the cat superior colliculus was conducted using the retrograde horseradish peroxidase (HRP) method.
Abstract: A comprehensive search for subcortical projections to the cat superior colliculus was conducted using the retrograde horseradish peroxidase (HRP) method. Over 40 different subcortical structures project to the superior colliculus. The more notable among these are grouped under the following categories. Visual structures: ventral lateral geniculate nucleus, parabigeminal nucleus, pretectal area (nucleus of the optic tract, posterior pretectal nucleus, nuclei of the posterior commissure). Auditory structures: inferior colliculus (external and pericentral nuclei), dorsomedial periolivary nucleus, nuclei of the trapezoid body, ventral nucleus of the lateral lemniscus. Somatosensory structures: sensory trigeminal complex (all divisions, but mainly the γ division of nucleus oralis), dorsal column nuclei (mostly cuneate nucleus), and the lateral cervical nucleus. Catecholamine nuclei: locus coeruleus, raphe dorsalis, and the parabrachial nuclei. Cerebellum: medial, interposed, and lateral nuclei, and the perihypoglossal nuclei. Reticular areas: zona incerta, substantia nigra, midbrain tegmentum, nucleus paragigantocellularis lateralis, and the hypothalamus. Evidence is presented that only the parabigeminal nucleus, the nucleus of the optic tract, and the posterior pretectal nucleus project to the superficial collicular layers (striatum griseum superficiale and stratum opticum), while all other afferents terminate in the deeper layers of the colliculus. Also presented is information concerning the rostrocaudal distribution of some of these afferent connections. These findings stress the multiplicity and diversity of inputs to the deeper collicular layers, and more specifically, identify multiple sources of the physiologically well-known representations of the somatic and auditory modalities in the colliculus.
••01 Jan 1971
TL;DR: The central distributions of primary afferent axons in cranial nerves V, VII, IX, and X have been re‐examined autoradiographically after 3H‐proline injections into their peripheral ganglia to suggest that trigeminal fibers of the ophthalmic and mandibular branches enter the ventrolateral part of the nucleus of the solitary tract (NST).
Abstract: The central distributions of primary afferent axons in cranial nerves V, VII, IX, and X have been re-examined autoradiographically after 3H-proline injections into their peripheral ganglia. Fiber-labeling after subtotal injections of the trigeminal ganglion, besides confirming earlier classical descriptions, suggests that trigeminal fibers of the ophthalmic and mandibular (but not maxillary) branches enter the ventrolateral part of the nucleus of the solitary tract (NST). Injection of VII's geniculate ganglion labels fibers which both ascend and descend upon reaching NST. The ascending fibers distribute in a compact and circumscribed zone immediately dorsal to the spinal V nucleus as far rostral as the caudal pole of the principal trigeminal nucleus. The descending fibers distribute to the lateral NST rostral to the level at which X joins the solitary tract. For a short distance caudal to this level, sparse label is confined to a small part of lateral NST ventral to the solitary tract, which corresponds to the zone receiving direct trigeminal afferents. Fiber-labeling after injections of the ganglia of nerves IX and X suggest the following. Although, upon reaching NST, a few fibers of either IX or X ascend as far rostrally as had those of VII, both have a much larger descending component which distributes to more caudal levels of NST. Most of IX's axons appear to end in the lateral NST; only a few travel as far as the obex. Fibers of X, on the other hand, are abundant in the medial and commissural parts of NST. Moreover, only X appears to have a crossed projection in the commissural nucleus and caudal portion of the contralateral NST. A few fibers of vagal origin also appear to enter the area postrema. Whereas fibers of X appear to constitute the solitary tract, few if any fibers of VII or IX travel within that fascicle. A significant descending components of labeled fibers appears in the spinal V tract when the superior ganglion of either IX or X is injected. These fibers distribute mainly in the pars caudalis of the spinal V nucleus and, to a lesser degree, the cuneate nucleus.
TL;DR: Brainstem and forebrain projections to major subdivisions of the rat inferior colliculus were studied by using retrograde and anterograde transport of horseradish peroxidase to provide a substrate for functional parcellation of collicular subdivisions.
Abstract: Brainstem and forebrain projections to major subdivisions of the rat inferior colliculus were studied by using retrograde and anterograde transport of horseradish peroxidase. Retrograde label from injection into the external cortex of the inferior colliculus appears bilaterally in cells of the inferior colliculus, as well as in other brainstem auditory groups including the ipsilateral dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus and contralateral dorsal cochlear nucleus. The external cortex is the only collicular subdivision where an injection labels cells in the contralateral cuneate nucleus, gracile nucleus, and spinal trigeminal nucleus. Other projecting cells to the external cortex are found in the lateral nucleus of substantia nigra, the parabrachial region, the deep superior colliculus, the midbrain central gray, the periventricular nucleus, and area 39 of auditory cortex. Injection of the dorsal cortex of inferior colliculus heavily labels pyramidal cells of areas 41, 20, and 36 of the ipsilateral neocortex. Anterograde label from a large injection of auditory cortex is densely distributed in the dorsal cortex, lesser so in the external cortex, and only slightly in the central nucleus. Labelled cells appear in the central nucleus, dorsal cortex, and external cortex, primarily ipsilaterally, following dorsal cortex injection. Relatively few cells from other brainstem auditory groups show projections to the dorsal cortex. Injection of the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus results in robust labelling of nuclei of the ascending auditory pathway including the anteroventral, posteroventral, and dorsal cochlear nuclei (mainly contralaterally), and bilaterally the lateral superior olive, lateral nucleus of the trapezoid body, dorsal nucleus of the lateral lemniscus, and the central nucleus, dorsal cortex, and external cortex of the colliculus. The medial superior olive, superior paraolivary nucleus, and ventral nucleus of the trapezoid body essentially show ipsilateral projections to the central nucleus. The differential distribution of afferents to the inferior colliculus provides a substrate for functional parcellation of collicular subdivisions.
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