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Curie–Weiss law

About: Curie–Weiss law is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 3501 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 60002 citation(s).


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04 Sep 1985
Abstract: A general theory of spin fluctuations and thermodynamical properties of itinerant electron magnets is developed, interpolating between the weakly and strongly ferromagnetic limits. A unified expression is given for the Curie temperature and the physical meaning of the Curie-Weiss magnetic susceptibility is discussed. As new phenomena derived from this theory the temperature-induced local magnetic moments as observed in CoS2, CoSe2, etc. and peculiar magnetic and thermal properties of nearly ferromagnetic semiconductors such as FeSi are discussed.

1,267 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A criterion is proposed for determining the onset of ferromagnetism in a material as its temperature is lowered from a region in which the linearity of its magnetic moment versus field isotherm gives an indication of paramagnetism. Within the limits of validity of a molecular field treatment, the Curie temperature is shown to be in general indicated by the third power of the magnetization being proportional to the internal magnetic field. The method has been employed to redetermine the Curie point of nickel from the data of Weiss and Forrer, of ${\mathrm{Fe}}_{3}$${\mathrm{O}}_{4}$ from the data of Smith and of some alloys from the data of Kaufmann and his collaborators and the author.

969 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Analytical expressions for the Curie temperature and the magnetization in the limit of low carrier density are derived, obtaining excellent quantitative agreement with Monte Carlo simulation results and good qualitative agreement with experimental results.
Abstract: We theoretically study the development of spontaneous magnetization in diluted magnetic semiconductors as arising from a percolation of bound magnetic polarons. Within the framework of a generalized percolation theory we derive analytic expressions for the Curie temperature and the magnetization in the limit of low carrier density, obtaining excellent quantitative agreement with Monte Carlo simulation results and good qualitative agreement with experimental results.

603 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The change of the saturation magnetization of Fe films with the pressure of nitrogen during deposition ranging from 2 × 10−5 to 7 × 10−3 Torr has been investigated systematically. We found a new magnetic material which has the highest saturation magnetization at room temperature, 2050 G, among those of all the magnetic materials. This was attributed to Fe16N2, which has a bct structure, and the magnetic moment associated with Fe atoms of Fe16N2 was deduced to be 3.0 μB.

552 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The first six coefficients in the expansion of the susceptibility χ, and its inverse, χ −1, in ascending powers of the reciprocal temperature, have been determined for the Heisenberg model of a ferromagnetic, for any spin value, S, and any lattice. The first five coefficients appropriate to the magnetic specific heat, C, have also been found. For the body-centred and face-centred cubic lattices, the χ and C coefficients are tabulated for half-integral S from 1/2 to 3. From these coefficients estimates have been made of the reduced Curie temperatures, θs c= k T c/J. It is found that for the simple, body-centred and face-centred cubic lattices the formula reproduces the estimated Curie temperatures fairly accurately. Here X=S(S+1) and z is the lattice coordination-number. It is found that, suitably scaled, the theoretical curves for inverse susceptibility against temperature above the Curie point are rather insensitive to the spin value and to the precise lattice structure. The ratio of their initial to the...

482 citations

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Performance
Metrics
No. of papers in the topic in previous years
YearPapers
202112
20207
201916
201818
201736
201637