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Cutting fluid

About: Cutting fluid is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 4026 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 39336 citation(s). The topic is also known as: metalworking fluid.
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23 Oct 1996-
Abstract: INTRODUCTION Scope of the Subject Historical Development Types of Production References METAL CUTTING OPERATIONS Introduction Turning Boring Drilling Reaming Milling Planing and Shaping Broaching Tapping and Threading Grinding and Related Abrasive Processes Roller Burnishing Deburring Examples Problems References MACHINE TOOLS Introduction Production Machine Tools CNC Machine Tools and Cellular Manufacturing Systems Machine Tool Structures Slides and Guideways Axis Drives Spindles Coolant Systems Tool Changing Systems Examples References CUTTING TOOLS Introduction Cutting Tool Materials Tool Coatings Basic Types of Cutting Tools Turning Tools Boring Tools Milling Tools Drilling Tools Reamers Threading Tools Grinding Wheels Microsizing and Honing Tools Burnishing Tools Examples Problems References TOOLHOLDERS AND WORKHOLDERS Introduction Toolholding Systems Toolholder/Spindle Connections Cutting Tool Clamping Systems Balancing Requirements for Toolholders Fixtures Examples Problems References MECHANICS OF CUTTING Introduction Measurement of Cutting Forces and Chip Thickness Force Components Empirical Force Models Specific Cutting Power Chip Formation and Primary Plastic Deformation Tool-Chip Friction and Secondary Deformation Shear Plane and Slip Line Theories for Continuous Chip Formation Shear Plane Models for Oblique Cutting Shear Zone Models Minimum Work and Uniqueness Assumptions Finite Element Models Discontinuous Chip Formation Built-up Edge Formation Examples Problems References CUTTING TEMPERATURES Introduction Measurement of Cutting Temperatures Factors Affecting Cutting Temperatures Analytical Models for Steady-State Temperatures Finite Element and Other Numerical Models Temperatures in Interrupted Cutting Temperatures in Drilling Thermal Expansion Examples Problems References MACHINING PROCESS ANALYSIS Introduction Turning Boring Milling Drilling Force Equations and Baseline Data Process Simulation Examples Finite Element Analysis for Clamping, Fixturing, and Workpiece Distortion Applications Finite Element Application Examples Examples Problems References TOOL WEAR AND TOOL LIFE Introduction Types of Tool Wear Measurement of Tool Wear Tool Wear Mechanisms Tool Wear--Material Considerations Tool Life Testing Tool Life Equations Prediction of Tool Wear Rates Tool Fracture and Edge Chipping Drill Wear and Breakage Thermal Cracking and Tool Fracture in Milling Tool Wear Monitoring Examples Problems References SURFACE FINISH AND INTEGRITY Introduction Measurement of Surface Finish Surface Finish in Turning and Boring Surface Finish in Milling Surface Finish in Drilling and Reaming Surface Finish in Grinding Residual Stresses in Machined Surfaces White Layer Formation Surface Burn in Grinding Examples Problems References MACHINABILITY OF MATERIALS Introduction Machinability Criteria, Tests, and Indices Chip Control Burr Formation and Control Machinability of Engineering Materials References MACHINING DYNAMICS Introduction Vibration Analysis Methods Vibration of Discrete (Lumped Mass) Systems Types of Machine Tool Vibration Forced Vibration Self-Excited Vibrations (Chatter) Chatter Prediction Vibration Control Active Vibration Control Examples References MACHINING ECONOMICS AND OPTIMIZATION Introduction Role of a Computerized Optimization System Economic Considerations Optimization of Manufacturing Systems--Basic Factors Optimization of Machining Conditions Formulation of the Optimization Problem Optimization Techniques Numerical Examples Problems References CUTTING FLUIDS Introduction Types of Cutting Fluids Coolant Application Filtering Condition Monitoring and Waste Treatment Health and Safety Concerns Dry and Near-Dry Machining Methods Test Procedure for Cutting Fluid Evaluation References HIGH THROUGHPUT AND AGILE MACHINING Introduction High Throughput Machining Agile Machining Systems Tooling and Fixturing Materials Handling Systems References DESIGN FOR MACHINING Introduction Machining Costs General Design for Machining Rules Special Considerations for Specific Types of Equipment and Operations CAPP and DFM Programs Examples References INDEX

648 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
P. S. Sreejith1, Bryan Kok Ann Ngoi1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Machining without the use of any cutting fluid (dry or green machining) is becoming increasingly more popular due to concern regarding the safety of the environment. Most industries apply cutting fluids/coolants when their use is not necessary. The coolants and lubricants used for machining represents 16–20% of the manufacturing costs, hence the extravagant use of these fluids should be restricted. However, it should also be noted that some of the benefits of cutting fluids are not going to be available for dry machining and also dry machining will be acceptable only whenever the part quality and machining times achieved in wet machining are equalled or surpassed. This paper presents recent developments in the dry machining operation.

547 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
D. Dudzinski1, A. Devillez1, A. Moufki1, D. Larrouquere2  +2 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: The increasing attention to the environmental and health impacts of industry activities by governmental regulation and by the growing awareness in society is forcing manufacturers to reduce the use of lubricants. In the machining of aeronautical materials, classified as difficult-to-machine materials, the consumption of cooling lubricant during the machining operations is very important. The associated costs of coolant acquisition, use, disposal and washing the machined components are significant, up to four times the cost of consumable tooling used in the cutting operations. To reduce the costs of production and to make the processes environmentally safe, the goal of the aeronautical manufacturers is to move toward dry cutting by eliminating or minimising cutting fluids. This goal can be achieved by a clear understanding of the cutting fluid function in machining operations, in particular in high speed cutting, and by the development and the use of new materials for tools and coatings. High speed cutting is another important aspect of advanced manufacturing technology introduced to achieve high productivity and to save machining cost. The combination of high speed cutting and dry cutting for difficult-to-cut aerospace materials is the growing challenge to deal with the economic, environmental and health aspects of machining. In this paper, attention is focussed on Inconel 718 and recent work and advances concerning machining of this material are presented. In addition, some solutions to reduce the use of coolants are explored, and different coating techniques to enable a move towards dry machining are examined.

520 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2004-
Abstract: This paper presents a system-level environmental analysis of machining. The analysis presented here considers not only the environmental impact of the material removal process itself, but also the impact of associated processes such as material preparation and cutting fluid preparation. This larger system view results in a more complete assessment of machining. Energy analyses show that the energy requirements of actual material removal can be quite small when compared to the total energy associated with machine tool operation. Also, depending on the energy intensity of the materials being machined, the energy of material production can, in some cases, far exceed the energy required for machine tool operation.Copyright © 2004 by ASME

515 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Owing to environmental concerns and growing regulations over contamination and pollution, the demand for renewable and biodegradable cutting fluids is rising. In this review paper, an attempt is made regarding of green machining including the cutting fluid type as well as the methods to apply the cutting fluids in machining process. Knowledge of the cutting fluid types and its machining conditions are critically important in order to maximize the efficiency of cutting fluids in any machining process. Generally, heat generation at the cutting zone due to the friction at tool-chip interface, and friction between the clearance face of the tool and work-piece is always the decisive factor on the surface quality of the work-piece. A good understanding of the methods to apply cutting fluid at the cutting zone may significantly reduce the heat generation in machining and thus improve the surface roughness. Surface roughness and tool wear are always used as a quality indicator of a finished or semi-finished product. This paper reviews the developments in bio-based cutting fluids by using various vegetable oils and their performances in machining. Undoubtedly, these bio-based cutting fluids have significantly reduced the ecological problems caused by mineral-based cutting fluids. An overview of the cleaner application techniques of dry cutting, minimum quantity lubrication (MQL), and cryogenic cooling is also well presented. These techniques largely minimized the amount of cutting fluids used in machining while providing similar or even better cutting performances compared to wet cooling methods.

393 citations

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No. of papers in the topic in previous years

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Topic's top 5 most impactful authors

Eduardo Carlos Bianchi

39 papers, 603 citations

Paulo Roberto de Aguiar

33 papers, 521 citations

Zhang Gongguo

26 papers, 94 citations

Xie Yong

24 papers, 86 citations

Wang Jingwen

22 papers, 87 citations