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Cyclic voltammetry

About: Cyclic voltammetry is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 55940 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 1492528 citation(s).

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Abstract: The charge storage mechanism in MnO2 electrode, used in aqueous electrolyte, was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Thin MnO2 films deposited on a platinum substrate and thick MnO2 composite electrodes were used. First, the cyclic voltammetry data established that only a thin layer of MnO2 is involved in the redox process and electrochemically active. Second, the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data revealed that the manganese oxidation state was varying from III to IV for the reduced and oxidized forms of thin film electrodes, respectively, during the charge/discharge process. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data also show that Na+ cations from the electrolyte were involved in the charge storage process of MnO2 thin film electrodes. However, the Na/Mn ratio for the reduced electrode was much lower than what was anticipated for charge compensation dominated by Na+, thus suggesting the involvement of protons in the pseudofaradaic mechanism. An important finding o...

2,179 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A comparative investigation was performed to examine the intrinsic catalytic activity and durability of carbon supported Ru, Ir, and Pt nanoparticles and corresponding bulk materials for the electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The electrochemical surface characteristics of nanoparticles and bulk materials were studied by surface-sensitive cyclic voltammetry. Although basically similar voltammetric features were observed for nanoparticles and bulk materials of each metal, some differences were uncovered highlighting the changes in oxidation chemistry. On the basis of the electrochemical results, we demonstrated that Ru nanoparticles show lower passivation potentials compared to bulk Ru material. Ir nanoparticles completely lost their voltammetric metallic features during the voltage cycling, in contrast to the corresponding bulk material. Finally, Pt nanoparticles show an increased oxophilic nature compared to bulk Pt. With regard to the OER performance, the most pronounced effects of nanosca...

1,433 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We describe the adaptation of the recently developed thin-film rotating disk electrode method and its application in a rotating ring disk configuration (RRDE) to the investigation of the oxygen reduction reaction (orr) on a supported catalyst powder (Pt/Vulcan XC 72 carbon). This allows the determination of kinetic data, such as reaction orders or apparent activation energies, for the orr directly without mathematical modeling. Collection experiments reveal a potential and rotation rate independent collection efficiency. RRDE measurements allow, for the first time, the direct determination of the fraction of peroxide production during oxygen reduction on supported catalysts. Finally, comparison of measurements in 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.5 M HClO4, respectively, reveals a significant effect of (bi)sulfate adsorption on the orr activity. On the basis of the present results, predictions are made on the kinetic limit of the orr in polymer electrolyte fuel cells, in the absence of ohmic and mass transport resistances at 100% utilization.

1,231 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: On montre que les couples redox ferrocene/ion ferricenium, [ferrocene: bis(η-cyclopentadienyl) fer(II)] et bis(biphenyl) chrome(I)/bis(biphenyl)-chrome(o) peuvent etre utilises comme systemes redox de reference. On indique les procedes pour la mesure et le report des potentiels d'electrode dans des solvants non aqueux, vis-a-vis de ces systemes redox de reference. Donnees numeriques obtenues dans 22 solvants organiques

1,115 citations

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